Two roads diverged in a wood and I - I took the one less traveled by.
— Robert Frost, 1874 - 1963
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Ecuador

Background

Ecuador

What is now Ecuador formed part of the northern Inca Empire until the Spanish conquest in 1533. Quito became a seat of Spanish colonial government in 1563 and part of the Viceroyalty of New Granada in 1717. The territories of the Viceroyalty - New Granada (Colombia), Venezuela, and Quito - gained their independence between 1819 and 1822 and formed a federation known as Gran Colombia. When Quito withdrew in 1830, the traditional name was changed in favor of the "Republic of the Equator." Between 1904 and 1942, Ecuador lost territories in a series of conflicts with its neighbors. A border war with Peru that flared in 1995 was resolved in 1999. Although Ecuador marked 30 years of civilian governance in 2004, the period has been marred by political instability. Protests in Quito contributed to the mid-term ouster of three of Ecuador's last four democratically elected Presidents. In September 2008, voters approved a new constitution; Ecuador's twentieth since gaining independence. General elections, under the new constitutional framework, were held in April 2009, and voters re-elected President Rafael CORREA.

About

Ecuador is a country in Northwestern South America, with a Pacific Ocean coastline, lying on the Equator between Colombia, to the northeast, and Peru, to the south and east.

Cotopaxi is the world's highest active volcano. Many cities and sites are integrated in the prestige Unesco World Heritage Sites. Such cities and best known places are the Galapagos Islands, and the city of Cuenca.

Read more about Ecuador in our Ecuador travel guide »

Featured journals from

Ecuador

Viaje Patriotico

by stvnmi

Visit Ecuador

Jul 2010  »  Peru | Ecuador

Featured hotels in

Ecuador

EcuadorSheraton Quito Hotel 

Av. Naciones Unidas
and Av. Republica de El Salvador
Quito
Ecuador

Price (US$): $200 - $219 / night

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Location. Located in Quito, Sheraton Quito Hotel is near the airport and close to Atahualpa Olympic Stadium, Botanical Garden of Quito, and Guanquiltaqua Metropolitan Park. Additional points of interest include Carolina Park and Chapel of Man. Hotel Features. Dining options at Sheraton Quito Hotel include 2 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities include… more »

EcuadorHilton Colon Quito 

Avenida Amazonas 110 Y Patria
Quito
Ecuador

Price (US$): $179 - $369 / night

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Location. Located in central Quito, Hilton Colon Quito is near the airport and close to La Mariscal Craft Market, El Panecillo, and Baslica del Sagrado Voto Nacional. Additional points of interest include Independence Square and Quito Cathedral. Hotel Features. Hilton Colon Quito features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Room service is available during limited hours. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a sauna, and a fitness facility. The property's full service health spa has… more »

EcuadorHotel Plaza Grande 

Garcia Moreno N5-16 Y Chile
Quito
Ecuador

Price (US$): $450 - $451 / night

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Location. Located in central Quito, Hotel Plaza Grande is steps from Independence Square and Quito Cathedral. Nearby points of interest also include Baslica del Sagrado Voto Nacional and El Panecillo. Hotel Features. Hotel Plaza Grande features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Room service is available. Recreational amenities include a health club and a sauna. Spa amenities include massage/treatment rooms and a hair salon. This 5 star property offers small meeting rooms and limo/town car… more »

EcuadorLe Parc Hotel 

Republica de El Salvador
N34-349 e Irlanda
Quito
Ecuador

Price (US$): $159 - $206 / night

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Location. Located in Quito, Le Parc Hotel is near the airport and close to Botanical Garden of Quito, Atahualpa Olympic Stadium, and Baslica del Sagrado Voto Nacional. Nearby points of interest also include Carolina Park and Guanquiltaqua Metropolitan Park. Hotel Features. Dining options at Le Parc Hotel include a restaurant and a snack bar/deli. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include a health club. The property's full… more »

EcuadorJW Marriott Hotel Quito 

Avenida Orellana 1172 Y Avenida Amazonas
Quito
Ecuador

Price (US$): $209 - $309 / night

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Location. JW Marriott Hotel Quito is a business friendly hotel located in central Quito, close to Carolina Park, El Panecillo, and Atahualpa Olympic Stadium. Additional points of interest include Baslica del Sagrado Voto Nacional and Independence Square. Hotel Features. Dining options at JW Marriott Hotel Quito include 3 restaurants. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning in the restaurant… more »

Browse more hotels in Ecuador »

Ecuador

Full name
Republic of Ecuador
Capital
Quito
Location

Western South America, bordering the Pacific Ocean at the Equator, between Colombia and Peru

Geographic coordinates

2 00 S, 77 30 W

Area comparative

slightly smaller than Nevada

Border countries

Colombia 590 km, Peru 1,420 km

Coastline

2,237 km

Climate

tropical along coast, becoming cooler inland at higher elevations; tropical in Amazonian jungle lowlands

Terrain

coastal plain (costa), inter-Andean central highlands (sierra), and flat to rolling eastern jungle (oriente)

Lowest point

Pacific Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Chimborazo 6,267 m

Natural resources

petroleum, fish, timber, hydropower

Population

14,790,608 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 65%, Amerindian 25%, Spanish and others 7%, black 3%

Religions

Roman Catholic 95%, other 5%

Languages

Spanish (official), Amerindian languages (especially Quechua)

Government type

republic

Independence

24 May 1822 (from Spain)

National holiday

Independence Day (independence of Quito), 10 August (1809)

Chief of state

President Rafael CORREA Delgado (since 15 January 2007); Vice President Lenin MORENO Garces (since 15 January 2007); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

Head of government

President Rafael CORREA Delgado (since 15 January 2007); Vice President Lenin MORENO Garces (since 15 January 2007)

Internet country code

.ec

Internet users

3.352 million (2009)

Airports

428 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Esmeraldas, Guayaquil, Manta, Puerto Bolivar

Other countries in the region