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Croatia

Background

Croatia

The lands that today comprise Croatia were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the close of World War I. In 1918, the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Yugoslavia. Following World War II, Yugoslavia became a federal independent Communist state under the strong hand of Marshal TITO. Although Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, it took four years of sporadic, but often bitter, fighting before occupying Serb armies were mostly cleared from Croatian lands. Under UN supervision, the last Serb-held enclave in eastern Slavonia was returned to Croatia in 1998. In April 2009, Croatia joined NATO; it is a candidate for eventual EU accession.

About

Croatia (Croatian: Hrvatska) is a country in the Balkans on the east side of the Adriatic Sea, to the east of Italy. It is bordered by Slovenia to the northwest, Hungary to the north, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the southeast, Serbia in the east, and Montenegro to the south.

Read more about Croatia in our Croatia travel guide »

Featured journals from

Croatia

Travels

by DaniellaAdler

Aug 2011 - Jan 2015  »  Croatia | United States | France | South Africa

My Croatian Adventure

by Demes

Walking, cycling, driving and sailing across Croatia with family and friends.

Aug 2014 - Mar 2015  »  Croatia

Getting to Dubrovnik

by MargaretRediscovered

June 14, 2013

Jun 2013  »  Croatia

Luxury trip to Dubrovnik / Croatia

by pavunadoo

May 2010 - Jun 2010  »  Croatia

Spin the globe....summer 2018

by madjeanne

Temperature hit 100, gotta go!

May 2018 - Jul 2018  »  United States | Italy | Croatia | Montenegro | Greece | Turkey | Malta | Spain | France | Monaco

Sailing in Dalmatia

by ftbllr

My epic journey around Croatia and Greece, in my very own boat!

Oct 2017  »  Croatia

Featured hotels in

Croatia

CroatiaSheraton Zagreb Hotel 

Kneza Borne 2
Zagreb 10000
Croatia

Price (US$): $138 - $301 / night

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Location. Located in central Zagreb, Sheraton Zagreb Hotel is a business friendly hotel within walking distance of Trg Zrtava Fasizma, Tomislav Square, and Strossmayerov Square. Additional points of interest include Ban Jelacic Square and Archaeological Museum. Hotel Features. Dining options at Sheraton Zagreb Hotel include a restaurant and a coffee shop/café. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an… more »

CroatiaAdmiral Grand Hotel 

Rudera Boskovica bb
Slano 20232
Croatia

Price (US$): $186 - $234 / night

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Location. Admiral Grand Hotel is set on the beach in Slano's midtown area and local attractions include Sipanska Luka Harbor and Sudurad Harbor. Regional points of interest also include Trsteno Beach and Lopud. Hotel Features. Admiral Grand Hotel features a coffee shop/café, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge. Room service is available during limited hours. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, an indoor pool, and a sauna. Spa… more »

CroatiaMeliá Coral 

Katoro bb
Umag 52470
Croatia

Price (US$): $193 - $276 / night

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Location. Meliá Coral is located on the beach in Umag, close to Savudrian Lighthouse. Other points of interest are Portoroz Beach and Piran Harbour. Hotel Features. Meliá Coral features a coffee shop/café, a beach bar, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a sauna, and a fitness facility. The property's full service health spa has body treatments, massage/treatment rooms, facials, and beauty services.… more »

CroatiaAtrium Hotel 

Domovinskog Rata 49a
Split 21000
Croatia

Price (US$): $166 - $167 / night

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Location. Atrium Hotel is a business friendly Split hotel in a shopping district and close to Gregory of Nin Statue, Diocletian's Palace, and Split Cathedral. Additional points of interest include Mestrovic Gallery and Salona Ruins. Hotel Features. Dining options at Atrium Hotel include a restaurant and a coffee shop/café. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast. Recreational amenities include an indoor… more »

CroatiaHotel Excelsior 

Frana Supila 12
Dubrovnik 20000
Croatia

Price (US$): $125 - $599 / night

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Location. Hotel Excelsior is located on the beach in central Dubrovnik, close to Revelin Fortress, Sponza Palace, and Rector's Palace. Other points of interest near this luxury hotel include Orlando's Column and Church of St. Blaise. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a children's pool, a sauna, a fitness facility, and a steam room. The property's full service health spa has body treatments, massage/treatment rooms, facials, and beauty services. This 5 star… more »

Browse more hotels in Croatia »

Croatia

Full name
Republic of Croatia
Capital
Zagreb
Location

Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia

Geographic coordinates

45 10 N, 15 30 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than West Virginia

Border countries

Bosnia and Herzegovina 932 km, Hungary 329 km, Serbia 241 km, Montenegro 25 km, Slovenia 455 km

Coastline

5,835 km (mainland 1,777 km, islands 4,058 km)

Climate

Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast

Terrain

geographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline and islands

Lowest point

Adriatic Sea 0 m

Highest point

Dinara 1,831 m

Natural resources

oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, gypsum, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower

Population

4,486,881 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Croat 89.6%, Serb 4.5%, other 5.9% (including Bosniak, Hungarian, Slovene, Czech, and Roma) (2001 census)

Religions

Roman Catholic 87.8%, Orthodox 4.4%, other Christian 0.4%, Muslim 1.3%, other and unspecified 0.9%, none 5.2% (2001 census)

Languages

Croatian (official) 96.1%, Serbian 1%, other and undesignated 2.9% (including Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, and German) (2001 census)

Government type

presidential/parliamentary democracy

Independence

25 June 1991 (from Yugoslavia)

National holiday

Independence Day, 8 October (1991); note - 25 June 1991 was the day the Croatian parliament voted for independence; following a three-month moratorium to allow the European Community to solve the Yugoslav crisis peacefully, Parliament adopted a decision on 8 October 1991 to sever constitutional relations with Yugoslavia

Chief of state

President Ivo JOSIPOVIC (since 18 February 2010)

Head of government

Prime Minister Jadranka KOSOR (since 6 July 2009); Deputy Prime Ministers Bozidar PANKRETIC (since 6 July 2009), Darko MILINOVIC (since 13 November 2009), Ivan SUKER (since 13 November 2009), Djurdja ADLESIC (since 12 January 2008), Slobodan UZELAC (since 12 January 2008)

Internet country code

.hr

Internet users

2.234 million (2009)

Airports

69 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Omisalj, Ploce, Rijeka, Sibernik, Split, Vukovar (on Danube River)

Other countries in the region