Long voyages, great lies.
— Italian proverb

China (People's Republic)


China (People's Republic)

For centuries China stood as a leading civilization, outpacing the rest of the world in the arts and sciences, but in the 19th and early 20th centuries, the country was beset by civil unrest, major famines, military defeats, and foreign occupation. After World War II, the Communists under MAO Zedong established an autocratic socialist system that, while ensuring China's sovereignty, imposed strict controls over everyday life and cost the lives of tens of millions of people. After 1978, MAO's successor DENG Xiaoping and other leaders focused on market-oriented economic development and by 2000 output had quadrupled. For much of the population, living standards have improved dramatically and the room for personal choice has expanded, yet political controls remain tight. China since the early 1990s has increased its global outreach and participation in international organizations.


China (中国; Zhōngguó) , officially known as the People's Republic of China (中华人民共和国 Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó) is a vast country in Eastern Asia (about the same size as the United States of America) with the world's largest population.

For other places with the same name, see China (disambiguation).

With coasts on the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, in total it borders 14 nations. It borders Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam to the south; Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan to the west; Russia and Mongolia to the north and North Korea to the east. This number of neighboring states is equaled only by China's vast neighbor to the north, Russia.

For Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan, please see separate articles.

Read more about China (People's Republic) in our China (People's Republic) travel guide »

Featured journals from

China (People's Republic)

Roaming Without a Home

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Jan 2014 - Aug 2014  »  China (People's Republic) | Nepal | India | Thailand

Ali's Asian Adventure

by alikat64

Beijing Revisited

Jan 2014 - Feb 2014  »  Taiwan | China (People's Republic)


by yee429

是次與娟媽同遊中國首都 - 北京 my travel buddy - sony 貓

Oct 2011  »  Hong Kong (S.A.R.) | China (People's Republic)


by skinnerbucks

12/14/13 ~ 1/03/14

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Travel Adventures and Great Local Accommodation Spots

by stefanie

A journal of adventure, travel and hot spots that you must visit.

Sep 2006 - Apr 2013  »  Japan | China (People's Republic)

2nd Trip to China

by ozray

Accompanying my Father to China at the invitation of the Chinese Government.

Jun 2007  »  China (People's Republic)

Corée du Nord

by SoMaGaDe

Voyage dans le temps et l'espace

Apr 2017  »  China (People's Republic) | Switzerland

Featured hotels in

China (People's Republic)

China (People's Republic)Narada Resort & Spa Perfume Bay 

Perfume Bay, Linshui
Lingshui 572422
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $542 - $891 / night

Check rates »

Location. Narada Resort & Spa Perfume Bay is located on the beach in Lingshui's Perfume Bay neighborhood and attractions in the region include Shimei Bay. Resort Features. Dining options at Narada Resort & Spa Perfume Bay include 2 restaurants. A beach bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The resort serves a complimentary buffet breakfast each morning in the restaurant. Recreational amenities include a waterpark. Also located on site are an… more »

China (People's Republic)DoubleTree by Hilton Hotel Shenyang 

No.89 Fengyutan Street
Shenhe District
Shenyang 110011
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $94 - $351 / night

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Location. Located in central Shenyang, DoubleTree by Hilton Hotel Shenyang is connected to the airport and close to Mukden Palace, Liaoning Provincial Museum, and Northeastern University. Other area points of interest include Shenyang Olympic Stadium and Shenyang University of Technology. Hotel Features. Dining options at DoubleTree by Hilton Hotel Shenyang include 3 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Recreational amenities include a children's pool, a spa tub, a 24 hour fitness… more »

China (People's Republic)Hotel Boao 

Dongyu Island Boao Aquapolis
Qionghai 571434
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $111 - $125 / night

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Location. Hotel Boao is located in Qionghai's Bo'ao neighborhood. Hotel Features. Hotel Boao features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a spa tub, a sauna, and a fitness facility. There is a full service health spa on site. This 5 star property offers audiovisual equipment and business services. Complimentary wireless Internet access is available in public areas. Guest parking is complimentary. Additional property amenities include self parking.… more »

China (People's Republic)Le Sun Chine 

6 Lane 1220 Huashan Road, Changning
Shanghai 200122
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $307 - $545 / night

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Location. Le Sun Chine is located in Shanghai's Puxi neighborhood, close to Shanghai Public Library, French Concession, and Jing An Temple. Nearby points of interest also include Jade Buddha Temple and Xintiandi. Hotel Features. Le Sun Chine features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. This 5 star property offers small meeting rooms and business services. Complimentary wireless and wired high speed Internet access is available in public areas. Concierge services and tour/ticket assistance are… more »

China (People's Republic)Crowne Plaza Xiangfan 

No. 11 North Changhong Rd.
Xiangyang 441000
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $69 - $182 / night

Check rates »

Location. Crowne Plaza Xiangfan is a business friendly hotel located in Xiangyang's Xiangcheng neighborhood. Hotel Features. Dining options at Crowne Plaza Xiangfan include 3 restaurants. 2 bars/lounges are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves hot and cold buffet breakfasts each morning in the restaurant (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a sauna, a fitness facility, and a steam room. Spa amenities include spa services,… more »

Browse more hotels in China (People's Republic) »

China (People's Republic)

Full name
People's Republic of China

Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam

Geographic coordinates

35 00 N, 105 00 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than the US

Border countries

Afghanistan 76 km, Bhutan 470 km, Burma 2,185 km, India 3,380 km, Kazakhstan 1,533 km, North Korea 1,416 km, Kyrgyzstan 858 km, Laos 423 km, Mongolia 4,677 km, Nepal 1,236 km, Pakistan 523 km, Russia (northeast) 3,605 km, Russia (northwest) 40 km, Tajikistan 414 km, Vietnam 1,281 km


14,500 km


extremely diverse; tropical in south to subarctic in north


mostly mountains, high plateaus, deserts in west; plains, deltas, and hills in east

Lowest point

Turpan Pendi -154 m

Highest point

Mount Everest 8,850 m

Natural resources

coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, rare earth elements, uranium, hydropower potential (world's largest)


1,330,141,295 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Han Chinese 91.5%, Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uighur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyi, Dong, Yao, Korean, and other nationalities 8.5% (2000 census)


Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2%


Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect) (official), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry)

Government type

Communist state


1 October 1949 (People's Republic of China established); notable earlier dates 221 BC (unification under the Qin Dynasty); 1 January 1912 (Qing Dynasty replaced by the Republic of China)

National holiday

Anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China, 1 October (1949)

Chief of state

President HU Jintao (since 15 March 2003); Vice President XI Jinping (since 15 March 2008)

Head of government

Premier WEN Jiabao (since 16 March 2003); Executive Vice Premier LI Keqiang (17 March 2008), Vice Premier HUI Liangyu (since 17 March 2003), Vice Premier ZHANG Dejiang (since 17 March 2008), and Vice Premier WANG Qishan (since 17 March 2008)

Internet country code


Internet users

389 million (2009)


502 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Dalian, Guangzhou, Ningbo, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Tianjin

Other countries in the region