A wise traveler never despises his own country.
— Carlo Goldoni, 1707 - 1793
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China (People's Republic)

Background

China (People's Republic)

For centuries China stood as a leading civilization, outpacing the rest of the world in the arts and sciences, but in the 19th and early 20th centuries, the country was beset by civil unrest, major famines, military defeats, and foreign occupation. After World War II, the Communists under MAO Zedong established an autocratic socialist system that, while ensuring China's sovereignty, imposed strict controls over everyday life and cost the lives of tens of millions of people. After 1978, MAO's successor DENG Xiaoping and other leaders focused on market-oriented economic development and by 2000 output had quadrupled. For much of the population, living standards have improved dramatically and the room for personal choice has expanded, yet political controls remain tight. China since the early 1990s has increased its global outreach and participation in international organizations.

About

China (中国; Zhōngguó) , officially known as the People's Republic of China (中华人民共和国 Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó) is a vast country in Eastern Asia (about the same size as the United States of America) with the world's largest population.

For other places with the same name, see China (disambiguation).

With coasts on the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, in total it borders 14 nations. It borders Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam to the south; Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan to the west; Russia and Mongolia to the north and North Korea to the east. This number of neighboring states is equaled only by China's vast neighbor to the north, Russia.

For Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan, please see separate articles.

Read more about China (People's Republic) in our China (People's Republic) travel guide »

Featured journals from

China (People's Republic)

Roaming Without a Home

by hobovoodoo

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Jan 2014 - Aug 2014  »  China (People's Republic) | Nepal | India | Thailand

Ali's Asian Adventure

by alikat64

Beijing Revisited

Jan 2014 - Feb 2014  »  Taiwan | China (People's Republic)

北京五天豪華團(康泰)

by yee429

是次與娟媽同遊中國首都 - 北京 my travel buddy - sony 貓

Oct 2011  »  Hong Kong (S.A.R.) | China (People's Republic)

chaiwan

by skinnerbucks

12/14/13 ~ 1/03/14

Dec 2013  »  China (People's Republic)

Travel Adventures and Great Local Accommodation Spots

by stefanie

A journal of adventure, travel and hot spots that you must visit.

Sep 2006 - Apr 2013  »  Japan | China (People's Republic)

Corée du Nord

by SoMaGaDe

Voyage dans le temps et l'espace

Apr 2017  »  China (People's Republic) | Switzerland

2nd Trip to China

by ozray

Accompanying my Father to China at the invitation of the Chinese Government.

Jun 2007  »  China (People's Republic)

Featured hotels in

China (People's Republic)

China (People's Republic)Kempinski Hotel Xiamen 

No.98 Hubin Middle Road
Siming District
Xiamen 361004
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $152 - $409 / night

Check rates »

Location. Kempinski Hotel Xiamen is located in central Xiamen, close to Cultural Art Center, Wanshi Botanical Garden, and Nanputuo Temple. Nearby points of interest also include Xiamen University and Xianyue Park. Hotel Features. Dining options at Kempinski Hotel Xiamen include 5 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts in the restaurant (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a spa tub, a sauna, and a fitness facility. This… more »

China (People's Republic)DoubleTree by Hilton Hotel Shenyang 

No.89 Fengyutan Street
Shenhe District
Shenyang 110011
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $94 - $351 / night

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Location. Located in central Shenyang, DoubleTree by Hilton Hotel Shenyang is connected to the airport and close to Mukden Palace, Liaoning Provincial Museum, and Northeastern University. Other area points of interest include Shenyang Olympic Stadium and Shenyang University of Technology. Hotel Features. Dining options at DoubleTree by Hilton Hotel Shenyang include 3 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Recreational amenities include a children's pool, a spa tub, a 24 hour fitness… more »

China (People's Republic)Hilton Shanghai Hongqiao 

No.1116 Hong Song East Road
Minhang 201103
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $208 - $425 / night

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Location. Near the airport, Hilton Shanghai Hongqiao is located in Minhang's Hongqiao neighborhood and close to Caohejing Hi Tech Park, Shanghai East Asia Exhibition Hall, and Parkson Shopping Center. Additional points of interest include Shanghai Zoo and St. Ignatius Cathedral. Hotel Features. Hilton Shanghai Hongqiao features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a health club, a sauna, and a steam room.… more »

China (People's Republic)White Horse Lake Jianguo Hotel 

No 336 South Changjiang Road
Hangzhou 310052
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $74 - $149 / night

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Location. White Horse Lake Jianguo Hotel is located in Hangzhou's Binjiang neighborhood, close to Liuhe Pagoda. Additional area points of interest include West Lake and Manlong Guiyu Park. Hotel Features. White Horse Lake Jianguo Hotel features a snack bar/deli. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves hot and cold buffet breakfasts (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a sauna, and a fitness facility. This 4.5 star property has a business… more »

China (People's Republic)Waldorf Astoria Shanghai on the Bund 

No. 2, Zhong Shan Dong Yi Road
Huang Pu District
Shanghai 200002
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $305 - $748 / night

Check rates »

Location. Located in central Shanghai, Waldorf Astoria Shanghai on the Bund is a business friendly hotel within walking distance of Three on the Bund and The Bund. Additional points of interest include Shanghai International Convention Centre and Jing An Temple. Hotel Features. In addition to 6 restaurants, Waldorf Astoria Shanghai on the Bund offers 2 coffee shops/cafés. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves hot and cold buffet… more »

Browse more hotels in China (People's Republic) »

China (People's Republic)

Full name
People's Republic of China
Capital
Beijing
Location

Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam

Geographic coordinates

35 00 N, 105 00 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than the US

Border countries

Afghanistan 76 km, Bhutan 470 km, Burma 2,185 km, India 3,380 km, Kazakhstan 1,533 km, North Korea 1,416 km, Kyrgyzstan 858 km, Laos 423 km, Mongolia 4,677 km, Nepal 1,236 km, Pakistan 523 km, Russia (northeast) 3,605 km, Russia (northwest) 40 km, Tajikistan 414 km, Vietnam 1,281 km

Coastline

14,500 km

Climate

extremely diverse; tropical in south to subarctic in north

Terrain

mostly mountains, high plateaus, deserts in west; plains, deltas, and hills in east

Lowest point

Turpan Pendi -154 m

Highest point

Mount Everest 8,850 m

Natural resources

coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, rare earth elements, uranium, hydropower potential (world's largest)

Population

1,330,141,295 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Han Chinese 91.5%, Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uighur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyi, Dong, Yao, Korean, and other nationalities 8.5% (2000 census)

Religions

Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2%

Languages

Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect) (official), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry)

Government type

Communist state

Independence

1 October 1949 (People's Republic of China established); notable earlier dates 221 BC (unification under the Qin Dynasty); 1 January 1912 (Qing Dynasty replaced by the Republic of China)

National holiday

Anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China, 1 October (1949)

Chief of state

President HU Jintao (since 15 March 2003); Vice President XI Jinping (since 15 March 2008)

Head of government

Premier WEN Jiabao (since 16 March 2003); Executive Vice Premier LI Keqiang (17 March 2008), Vice Premier HUI Liangyu (since 17 March 2003), Vice Premier ZHANG Dejiang (since 17 March 2008), and Vice Premier WANG Qishan (since 17 March 2008)

Internet country code

.cn

Internet users

389 million (2009)

Airports

502 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Dalian, Guangzhou, Ningbo, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Tianjin

Other countries in the region