The world is a book, and those who do not travel read only one page.
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China (People's Republic)

Background

China (People's Republic)

For centuries China stood as a leading civilization, outpacing the rest of the world in the arts and sciences, but in the 19th and early 20th centuries, the country was beset by civil unrest, major famines, military defeats, and foreign occupation. After World War II, the Communists under MAO Zedong established an autocratic socialist system that, while ensuring China's sovereignty, imposed strict controls over everyday life and cost the lives of tens of millions of people. After 1978, MAO's successor DENG Xiaoping and other leaders focused on market-oriented economic development and by 2000 output had quadrupled. For much of the population, living standards have improved dramatically and the room for personal choice has expanded, yet political controls remain tight. China since the early 1990s has increased its global outreach and participation in international organizations.

About

China (中国; Zhōngguó) , officially known as the People's Republic of China (中华人民共和国 Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó) is a vast country in Eastern Asia (about the same size as the United States of America) with the world's largest population.

For other places with the same name, see China (disambiguation).

With coasts on the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, in total it borders 14 nations. It borders Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam to the south; Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan to the west; Russia and Mongolia to the north and North Korea to the east. This number of neighboring states is equaled only by China's vast neighbor to the north, Russia.

For Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan, please see separate articles.

Read more about China (People's Republic) in our China (People's Republic) travel guide »

Featured journals from

China (People's Republic)

Roaming Without a Home

by hobovoodoo

My Life on My Back, The World at My Feet...

Jan 2014 - Aug 2014  »  China (People's Republic) | Nepal | India | Thailand

Ali's Asian Adventure

by alikat64

Beijing Revisited

Jan 2014 - Feb 2014  »  Taiwan | China (People's Republic)

北京五天豪華團(康泰)

by yee429

是次與娟媽同遊中國首都 - 北京 my travel buddy - sony 貓

Oct 2011  »  Hong Kong (S.A.R.) | China (People's Republic)

chaiwan

by skinnerbucks

12/14/13 ~ 1/03/14

Dec 2013  »  China (People's Republic)

Travel Adventures and Great Local Accommodation Spots

by stefanie

A journal of adventure, travel and hot spots that you must visit.

Sep 2006 - Apr 2013  »  Japan | China (People's Republic)

2nd Trip to China

by ozray

Accompanying my Father to China at the invitation of the Chinese Government.

Jun 2007  »  China (People's Republic)

Corée du Nord

by SoMaGaDe

Voyage dans le temps et l'espace

Apr 2017  »  China (People's Republic) | Switzerland

Featured hotels in

China (People's Republic)

China (People's Republic)Hyatt Regency Qingdao 

88 Donghai East Road
Laoshan District
Qingdao 266061
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $126 - $383 / night

Check rates »

Location. Hyatt Regency Qingdao is located on the beach in Qingdao's Laoshan neighborhood, close to Qingdao Modern Art Park, Qingdao Museum, and Yizhong Sports Center. Qingdao University is also a point of interest near this luxury hotel. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool and a 24 hour fitness facility. The property's full service health spa has body treatments, massage/treatment rooms, and facials. This 4.5 star property has a business center and offers small… more »

China (People's Republic)Royal Mediterranean Hotel 

No 518 Tianhe Road
Tianhe District
Guangzhou 510620
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $67 - $275 / night

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Location. Royal Mediterranean Hotel is located in Guangzhou's Tianhe neighborhood, close to Tianhe Stadium, Pazhou Complex, and CITIC Plaza. Nearby points of interest also include Guangzhou Opera House and Tianhe Park. Hotel Features. Dining options at Royal Mediterranean Hotel include 3 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. Recreational amenities include a sauna. Spa amenities include spa services and a hair salon. This 5 star property… more »

China (People's Republic)Grand Central Hotel Shanghai 

505 Jiujiang Road
Shanghai 200001
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $124 - $287 / night

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Location. Grand Central Hotel Shanghai is a business friendly hotel located in Shanghai's Downtown Shanghai neighborhood, close to Nanjing Road Shopping District, Shanghai City Hall, and The Bund. Additional points of interest include People's Square and Jing An Temple. Hotel Features. Grand Central Hotel Shanghai features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Room service is available. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a sauna, and a fitness facility. Spa amenities include… more »

China (People's Republic)Twelve at Hengshan, A Luxury Collection Hotel, Shanghai 

12 Hengshan Road
Xuhui District
Shanghai 200031
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $257 - $996 / night

Check rates »

Location. Twelve at Hengshan, A Luxury Collection Hotel, Shanghai is located in Shanghai's Puxi neighborhood, close to Shanghai Museum of Arts and Crafts, French Concession, and Jing An Temple. Nearby points of interest also include The Bund and Xintiandi. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a health club, and a children's club. There is a full service health spa on site. This 4.5 star property has a business center and offers audiovisual equipment and business… more »

China (People's Republic)Commune By The Great Wall 

No.53 The Great Wall Exit, Shuiguan G6
Jingzhang Highway, Beijing
Juyongguan 102102
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $369 - $370 / night

Check rates »

Location. Commune By The Great Wall is a business friendly hotel located in Juyongguan's Sanpu neighborhood, close to Great Wall of China, Badaling. Regional points of interest also include Ming Tombs. Hotel Features. Commune By The Great Wall's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A swim up bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. A complimentary breakfast is served each morning in the restaurant. Recreational amenities include a… more »

Browse more hotels in China (People's Republic) »

China (People's Republic)

Full name
People's Republic of China
Capital
Beijing
Location

Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam

Geographic coordinates

35 00 N, 105 00 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than the US

Border countries

Afghanistan 76 km, Bhutan 470 km, Burma 2,185 km, India 3,380 km, Kazakhstan 1,533 km, North Korea 1,416 km, Kyrgyzstan 858 km, Laos 423 km, Mongolia 4,677 km, Nepal 1,236 km, Pakistan 523 km, Russia (northeast) 3,605 km, Russia (northwest) 40 km, Tajikistan 414 km, Vietnam 1,281 km

Coastline

14,500 km

Climate

extremely diverse; tropical in south to subarctic in north

Terrain

mostly mountains, high plateaus, deserts in west; plains, deltas, and hills in east

Lowest point

Turpan Pendi -154 m

Highest point

Mount Everest 8,850 m

Natural resources

coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, rare earth elements, uranium, hydropower potential (world's largest)

Population

1,330,141,295 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Han Chinese 91.5%, Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uighur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyi, Dong, Yao, Korean, and other nationalities 8.5% (2000 census)

Religions

Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2%

Languages

Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect) (official), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry)

Government type

Communist state

Independence

1 October 1949 (People's Republic of China established); notable earlier dates 221 BC (unification under the Qin Dynasty); 1 January 1912 (Qing Dynasty replaced by the Republic of China)

National holiday

Anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China, 1 October (1949)

Chief of state

President HU Jintao (since 15 March 2003); Vice President XI Jinping (since 15 March 2008)

Head of government

Premier WEN Jiabao (since 16 March 2003); Executive Vice Premier LI Keqiang (17 March 2008), Vice Premier HUI Liangyu (since 17 March 2003), Vice Premier ZHANG Dejiang (since 17 March 2008), and Vice Premier WANG Qishan (since 17 March 2008)

Internet country code

.cn

Internet users

389 million (2009)

Airports

502 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Dalian, Guangzhou, Ningbo, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Tianjin

Other countries in the region