You can travel on for ten thousand miles, and still stay where you are
— Harry Chapin, 1942 - 1981
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China (People's Republic)

Background

China (People's Republic)

For centuries China stood as a leading civilization, outpacing the rest of the world in the arts and sciences, but in the 19th and early 20th centuries, the country was beset by civil unrest, major famines, military defeats, and foreign occupation. After World War II, the Communists under MAO Zedong established an autocratic socialist system that, while ensuring China's sovereignty, imposed strict controls over everyday life and cost the lives of tens of millions of people. After 1978, MAO's successor DENG Xiaoping and other leaders focused on market-oriented economic development and by 2000 output had quadrupled. For much of the population, living standards have improved dramatically and the room for personal choice has expanded, yet political controls remain tight. China since the early 1990s has increased its global outreach and participation in international organizations.

About

China (中国; Zhōngguó) , officially known as the People's Republic of China (中华人民共和国 Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó) is a vast country in Eastern Asia (about the same size as the United States of America) with the world's largest population.

For other places with the same name, see China (disambiguation).

With coasts on the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, in total it borders 14 nations. It borders Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam to the south; Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan to the west; Russia and Mongolia to the north and North Korea to the east. This number of neighboring states is equaled only by China's vast neighbor to the north, Russia.

For Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan, please see separate articles.

Read more about China (People's Republic) in our China (People's Republic) travel guide »

Featured journals from

China (People's Republic)

Roaming Without a Home

by hobovoodoo

My Life on My Back, The World at My Feet...

Jan 2014 - Aug 2014  »  China (People's Republic) | Nepal | India | Thailand

Ali's Asian Adventure

by alikat64

Beijing Revisited

Jan 2014 - Feb 2014  »  Taiwan | China (People's Republic)

北京五天豪華團(康泰)

by yee429

是次與娟媽同遊中國首都 - 北京 my travel buddy - sony 貓

Oct 2011  »  Hong Kong (S.A.R.) | China (People's Republic)

chaiwan

by skinnerbucks

12/14/13 ~ 1/03/14

Dec 2013  »  China (People's Republic)

Travel Adventures and Great Local Accommodation Spots

by stefanie

A journal of adventure, travel and hot spots that you must visit.

Sep 2006 - Apr 2013  »  Japan | China (People's Republic)

2nd Trip to China

by ozray

Accompanying my Father to China at the invitation of the Chinese Government.

Jun 2007  »  China (People's Republic)

Corée du Nord

by SoMaGaDe

Voyage dans le temps et l'espace

Apr 2017  »  China (People's Republic) | Switzerland

Featured hotels in

China (People's Republic)

China (People's Republic)HNA Beach & Spa Resort 

No.111 West Binhai Road
Haikou 570312
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $119 - $501 / night

Check rates »

Location. HNA Beach & Spa Resort is located on the beach in Haikou, close to West Coast Golf Club, Holiday Beach, and Meishi Mayflower International Golf Club. Regional points of interest also include Temple of Five Lords and Hainan University. Resort Features. Dining options at HNA Beach & Spa Resort include a restaurant and a coffee shop/café. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include a health club, a sauna, and a steam room.… more »

China (People's Republic)Kingkey Palace Hotel Shenzhen 

No. 90 Yankui Road
Dameisha Yantian District
Shenzhen 518083
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $179 - $417 / night

Check rates »

Location. Kingkey Palace Hotel Shenzhen is located near the beach in Shenzhen's Yantian neighborhood and close to OCT East. Additional area points of interest include Minsk World. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool and a fitness facility. This 4.5 star property has a business center and offers small meeting rooms, secretarial services, and a technology helpdesk. Complimentary wireless Internet access is available in public areas and the hotel has an Internet point.… more »

China (People's Republic)Jin Jiang International Hotel Changzhou 

599 Tong Jiang Road
Xinbei District
Changzhou 213022
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $69 - $86 / night

Check rates »

Location. Jin Jiang International Hotel Changzhou is a business friendly hotel located in Changzhou's Tianning neighborhood. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include a health club and a sauna. Spa amenities include massage/treatment rooms and beauty services. This 4.5 star property has a business center and offers small meeting rooms, limo/town car service, and audiovisual equipment. Complimentary wireless Internet access is available in public areas. This Changzhou property has event… more »

China (People's Republic)Brilliant Resort And Spa Chongqing 

Northern Hot Spring Park
Beibei District
Beibei 400702
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $819 - $1557 / night

Check rates »

Location. Located in Beibei, Brilliant Resort And Spa Chongqing is in a rural location and close to Southwest University. Resort Features. Dining options at Brilliant Resort And Spa Chongqing include a restaurant and a coffee shop/café. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a health club, a spa tub, a sauna, and a steam room. The property's full service health spa has body treatments. Self parking is… more »

China (People's Republic)Ying Hotel - Yichun 

669 Luzhou North Road, Yichun
Yichun 336000
China (People's Republic)

Location. Ying Hotel Yichun is located in Yichun's Yuanzhou neighborhood. Hotel Features. Ying Hotel Yichun features a restaurant. Room service is available during limited hours. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool. This 4.5 star property has a business center and offers a meeting/conference room. Concierge services and tour/ticket assistance are available. Self parking is complimentary. Additional property amenities include a garden, ATM/banking services, and dry cleaning/laundry… more »

Browse more hotels in China (People's Republic) »

China (People's Republic)

Full name
People's Republic of China
Capital
Beijing
Location

Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam

Geographic coordinates

35 00 N, 105 00 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than the US

Border countries

Afghanistan 76 km, Bhutan 470 km, Burma 2,185 km, India 3,380 km, Kazakhstan 1,533 km, North Korea 1,416 km, Kyrgyzstan 858 km, Laos 423 km, Mongolia 4,677 km, Nepal 1,236 km, Pakistan 523 km, Russia (northeast) 3,605 km, Russia (northwest) 40 km, Tajikistan 414 km, Vietnam 1,281 km

Coastline

14,500 km

Climate

extremely diverse; tropical in south to subarctic in north

Terrain

mostly mountains, high plateaus, deserts in west; plains, deltas, and hills in east

Lowest point

Turpan Pendi -154 m

Highest point

Mount Everest 8,850 m

Natural resources

coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, rare earth elements, uranium, hydropower potential (world's largest)

Population

1,330,141,295 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Han Chinese 91.5%, Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uighur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyi, Dong, Yao, Korean, and other nationalities 8.5% (2000 census)

Religions

Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2%

Languages

Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect) (official), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry)

Government type

Communist state

Independence

1 October 1949 (People's Republic of China established); notable earlier dates 221 BC (unification under the Qin Dynasty); 1 January 1912 (Qing Dynasty replaced by the Republic of China)

National holiday

Anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China, 1 October (1949)

Chief of state

President HU Jintao (since 15 March 2003); Vice President XI Jinping (since 15 March 2008)

Head of government

Premier WEN Jiabao (since 16 March 2003); Executive Vice Premier LI Keqiang (17 March 2008), Vice Premier HUI Liangyu (since 17 March 2003), Vice Premier ZHANG Dejiang (since 17 March 2008), and Vice Premier WANG Qishan (since 17 March 2008)

Internet country code

.cn

Internet users

389 million (2009)

Airports

502 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Dalian, Guangzhou, Ningbo, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Tianjin

Other countries in the region