Travel only with thy equals or thy betters; if there are none, travel alone.
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China (People's Republic)

Background

China (People's Republic)

For centuries China stood as a leading civilization, outpacing the rest of the world in the arts and sciences, but in the 19th and early 20th centuries, the country was beset by civil unrest, major famines, military defeats, and foreign occupation. After World War II, the Communists under MAO Zedong established an autocratic socialist system that, while ensuring China's sovereignty, imposed strict controls over everyday life and cost the lives of tens of millions of people. After 1978, MAO's successor DENG Xiaoping and other leaders focused on market-oriented economic development and by 2000 output had quadrupled. For much of the population, living standards have improved dramatically and the room for personal choice has expanded, yet political controls remain tight. China since the early 1990s has increased its global outreach and participation in international organizations.

About

China (中国; Zhōngguó) , officially known as the People's Republic of China (中华人民共和国 Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó) is a vast country in Eastern Asia (about the same size as the United States of America) with the world's largest population.

For other places with the same name, see China (disambiguation).

With coasts on the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, in total it borders 14 nations. It borders Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam to the south; Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan to the west; Russia and Mongolia to the north and North Korea to the east. This number of neighboring states is equaled only by China's vast neighbor to the north, Russia.

For Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan, please see separate articles.

Read more about China (People's Republic) in our China (People's Republic) travel guide »

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Featured hotels in

China (People's Republic)

China (People's Republic)Intercontinental Dalian 

No.6 Youhao Square, Zhongshan District
Dalian 116001
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $126 - $337 / night

Check rates »

Location. Intercontinental Dalian is a business friendly hotel located in central Dalian, close to Zhongshan Square, LaoDong Park, and Dalian Forest Zoo. Other area points of interest include Dalian Jiaotong University and Xinghai Square. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a health club, and a sauna. The property's full service health spa has beauty services. This 4.5 star property offers small meeting rooms, secretarial services, and business services. Concierge… more »

China (People's Republic)Shangri-La Hotel Fuzhou 

9 Xin Quan Nan Road
Fuzhou 350005
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $178 - $401 / night

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Location. Shangri La Hotel Fuzhou is a business friendly hotel located in central Fuzhou, close to Wuyi Square, Xihu Park, and Fujian Normal University. Hotel Features. Dining options at Shangri La Hotel Fuzhou include 3 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a children's pool, an outdoor tennis court, a sauna, and a fitness… more »

China (People's Republic)Zhejiang Narada Grand Hotel 

122 Shuguang Road
Hangzhou 310007
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $99 - $233 / night

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Location. Zhejiang Narada Grand Hotel is a business friendly hotel located in Hangzhou's Xihu neighborhood, close to Yellow Dragon Sports Center, West Lake, and Baochu Pagoda. Additional points of interest include Broken Bridge and Zhejiang Museum. Hotel Features. In addition to 4 restaurants, Zhejiang Narada Grand Hotel offers a coffee shop/café and a grocery/convenience store. A swim up bar, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day.… more »

China (People's Republic)Hotel Nikko Xiamen 

No. 199 Wenxing East Road,
Siming District
Xiamen 361008
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $123 - $157 / night

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Location. Hotel Nikko Xiamen is located near the beach in Xiamen and close to Xiamen International Convention and Exhibition Center, Zhong Lun Park, and Taiwan Folk Village. Other area points of interest include Cultural Art Center and Wanshi Botanical Garden. Hotel Features. Hotel Nikko Xiamen's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning in the breakfast area… more »

China (People's Republic)Suzhou Marriott Hotel 

1296 Ganjiang Road West Jincha
Suzhou 215004
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $151 - $253 / night

Check rates »

Location. Suzhou Marriott Hotel is a business friendly hotel located in central Suzhou, close to Hanshan Temple, Lingering Garden, and Pan Gate. Additional points of interest include Tiger Hill and Beisi Pagoda. Hotel Features. Dining options at Suzhou Marriott Hotel include 6 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a health club,… more »

Browse more hotels in China (People's Republic) »

China (People's Republic)

Full name
People's Republic of China
Capital
Beijing
Location

Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam

Geographic coordinates

35 00 N, 105 00 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than the US

Border countries

Afghanistan 76 km, Bhutan 470 km, Burma 2,185 km, India 3,380 km, Kazakhstan 1,533 km, North Korea 1,416 km, Kyrgyzstan 858 km, Laos 423 km, Mongolia 4,677 km, Nepal 1,236 km, Pakistan 523 km, Russia (northeast) 3,605 km, Russia (northwest) 40 km, Tajikistan 414 km, Vietnam 1,281 km

Coastline

14,500 km

Climate

extremely diverse; tropical in south to subarctic in north

Terrain

mostly mountains, high plateaus, deserts in west; plains, deltas, and hills in east

Lowest point

Turpan Pendi -154 m

Highest point

Mount Everest 8,850 m

Natural resources

coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, rare earth elements, uranium, hydropower potential (world's largest)

Population

1,330,141,295 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Han Chinese 91.5%, Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uighur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyi, Dong, Yao, Korean, and other nationalities 8.5% (2000 census)

Religions

Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2%

Languages

Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect) (official), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry)

Government type

Communist state

Independence

1 October 1949 (People's Republic of China established); notable earlier dates 221 BC (unification under the Qin Dynasty); 1 January 1912 (Qing Dynasty replaced by the Republic of China)

National holiday

Anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China, 1 October (1949)

Chief of state

President HU Jintao (since 15 March 2003); Vice President XI Jinping (since 15 March 2008)

Head of government

Premier WEN Jiabao (since 16 March 2003); Executive Vice Premier LI Keqiang (17 March 2008), Vice Premier HUI Liangyu (since 17 March 2003), Vice Premier ZHANG Dejiang (since 17 March 2008), and Vice Premier WANG Qishan (since 17 March 2008)

Internet country code

.cn

Internet users

389 million (2009)

Airports

502 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Dalian, Guangzhou, Ningbo, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Tianjin

Other countries in the region