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Chile

Background

Chile

Prior to the coming of the Spanish in the 16th century, northern Chile was under Inca rule while the indigenous Mapuche inhabited central and southern Chile. Although Chile declared its independence in 1810, decisive victory over the Spanish was not achieved until 1818. In the War of the Pacific (1879-83), Chile defeated Peru and Bolivia and won its present northern regions. It was not until the 1880s that the Mapuche Indians were completely subjugated. After a series of elected governments, a three-year-old Marxist government of Salvador ALLENDE was overthrown in 1973 by a military coup led by Augusto PINOCHET, who ruled until a freely elected president was installed in 1990. Sound economic policies, maintained consistently since the 1980s, have contributed to steady growth, reduced poverty rates by over half, and have helped secure the country's commitment to democratic and representative government. Chile has increasingly assumed regional and international leadership roles befitting its status as a stable, democratic nation.

About

Chile (officially The Republic of Chile) narrowly stretches along the southern half of the west coast of South America. The bordering countries are Bolivia, and Peru in the north and over the Andes, to the east, lies Argentina. Chile has over 5,000 km (3,100 mi) of coast on the South Pacific Ocean.

Read more about Chile in our Chile travel guide »

Featured journals from

Chile

One Lucky Lady off to see the World!

by Natreadtravels

Let the Adventure begin.............thank you Edwina and Cruise Portfolio for allowing me this wonderful opportunity.

Mar 2014 - Jun 2014  »  United Kingdom | Vietnam | Chile | Argentina | Bolivia | Colombia | Peru

Chile-palooza 2013

by Gatorjade

Covered in empanada crumbs, full of wine

Nov 2013  »  United States | Chile

Featured hotels in

Chile

ChileGrand Hyatt Santiago 

Avenida Kennedy N 4601
Santiago 1025
Chile

Price (US$): $275 - $549 / night

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Location. Grand Hyatt Santiago is a business friendly hotel located in Santiago's Las Condes neighborhood, close to Parque Arauco Mall, Los Leones Golf Club, and Clinica Alemana. Additional points of interest include CasaPiedra Event and Conference Center and Costanera Center. Hotel Features. Grand Hyatt Santiago features a poolside bar and a bar/lounge. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a health club, and a sauna. This 5 star property has a business center and offers a… more »

ChileSheraton Santiago Hotel and Convention Center 

Ave Santa Maria 1742
Santiago 1742
Chile

Price (US$): $209 - $210 / night

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Location. Sheraton Santiago Hotel and Convention Center is a business friendly hotel located in Santiago's Providencia neighborhood, close to San Cristobal Hill, Palacio de la Moneda, and Santa Lucia Hill. Additional points of interest include Santiago Town Square and Plaza de la Constitucion. Hotel Features. Dining options at Sheraton Santiago Hotel and Convention Center include a coffee shop/café and a snack bar/deli. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a… more »

ChileNoi Vitacura 

Nueva Costanera 3736
Santiago
Chile

Price (US$): $318 - $1109 / night

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Location. Noi Vitacura is a business friendly hotel located in Santiago's Vitacura neighborhood, close to Los Leones Golf Club, San Cristobal Hill, and Parque Arauco Mall. Additional points of interest include Costanera Center and CasaPiedra Event and Conference Center. Hotel Features. Dining options at Noi Vitacura include 2 restaurants. A swim up bar and a poolside bar are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary hot and cold buffet… more »

ChileCASA LAPOSTOLLE 

Apalta Road Km 4
Santa Cruz Colchagu
Chile

Price (US$): $1200 - $1201 / night

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NESTLING IN A UNIQUE LANDSCAPE ACROSS FROM THE COASTALCORDILLERA COVERED IN LUSH GREEN VEGETATION THE CASALAPOSTOLLE IS LOCATED ON THE SITE WHERE THE CLOS APALTAWINES ARE PRODUCED THESE 100PCT ORGANIC WINES ARE ONE OF THEFLAGSHIPS OF CHILEAN WINE MAKING. THE CELLAR THAT IS CARVEDOUT OF THE HILL TESTIFIES TO OUTSTANDING ARCHITECTURE ANDTECHNICAL INSTALLATIONS. THE FOUR SUITES WHOSE DECOR ISINSPIRED BY THE FOUR GRAPE VARIETIES OF CLOS APALTA OFFER ASERENE AND INTIMATE AMBIANCE IN UNSPOILT… more »

ChileInterContinental Santiago 

Av. Vitacura 2885
Las Condes
Santiago 7550024
Chile

Price (US$): $160 - $349 / night

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Location. InterContinental Santiago is a business friendly hotel located in Santiago's Las Condes neighborhood, close to Costanera Center, San Cristobal Hill, and Santa Lucia Hill. Additional points of interest include Los Leones Golf Club and Parque Arauco Mall. Hotel Features. InterContinental Santiago features a coffee shop/café and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning in the restaurant (surcharges apply). Recreational… more »

Browse more hotels in Chile »

Chile

Full name
Republic of Chile
Capital
Santiago
Location

Southern South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Argentina and Peru

Geographic coordinates

30 00 S, 71 00 W

Area comparative

slightly smaller than twice the size of Montana

Border countries

Argentina 5,308 km, Bolivia 860 km, Peru 171 km

Coastline

6,435 km

Climate

temperate; desert in north; Mediterranean in central region; cool and damp in south

Terrain

low coastal mountains; fertile central valley; rugged Andes in east

Lowest point

Pacific Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Nevado Ojos del Salado 6,880 m

Natural resources

copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, hydropower

Population

16,746,491 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

white and white-Amerindian 95.4%, Mapuche 4%, other indigenous groups 0.6% (2002 census)

Religions

Roman Catholic 70%, Evangelical 15.1%, Jehovah's Witness 1.1%, other Christian 1%, other 4.6%, none 8.3% (2002 census)

Languages

Spanish (official), Mapudungun, German, English

Government type

republic

Independence

18 September 1810 (from Spain)

National holiday

Independence Day, 18 September (1810)

Chief of state

President Sebastian PINERA Echenique (since 11 March 2010); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

Head of government

President Sebastian PINERA Echenique (since 11 March 2010)

Internet country code

.cl

Internet users

7.009 million (2009)

Airports

366 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Coronel, Huasco, Lirquen, Puerto Ventanas, San Antonio, San Vicente, Valparaiso

Other countries in the region