Travel is fatal to prejudice, bigotry, and narrow-mindedness.
— Mark Twain, 1835 - 1910
EN
EN

Cambodia

Background

Cambodia

Most Cambodians consider themselves to be Khmers, descendants of the Angkor Empire that extended over much of Southeast Asia and reached its zenith between the 10th and 13th centuries. Attacks by the Thai and Cham (from present-day Vietnam) weakened the empire, ushering in a long period of decline. The king placed the country under French protection in 1863 and it became part of French Indochina in 1887. Following Japanese occupation in World War II, Cambodia gained full independence from France in 1953. In April 1975, after a five-year struggle, Communist Khmer Rouge forces captured Phnom Penh and evacuated all cities and towns. At least 1.5 million Cambodians died from execution, forced hardships, or starvation during the Khmer Rouge regime under POL POT. A December 1978 Vietnamese invasion drove the Khmer Rouge into the countryside, began a 10-year Vietnamese occupation, and touched off almost 13 years of civil war. The 1991 Paris Peace Accords mandated democratic elections and a ceasefire, which was not fully respected by the Khmer Rouge. UN-sponsored elections in 1993 helped restore some semblance of normalcy under a coalition government. Factional fighting in 1997 ended the first coalition government, but a second round of national elections in 1998 led to the formation of another coalition government and renewed political stability. The remaining elements of the Khmer Rouge surrendered in early 1999. Some of the surviving Khmer Rouge leaders have been tried or are awaiting trial for crimes against humanity by a hybrid UN-Cambodian tribunal supported by international assistance. Elections in July 2003 were relatively peaceful, but it took one year of negotiations between contending political parties before a coalition government was formed. In October 2004, King Norodom SIHANOUK abdicated the throne and his son, Prince Norodom SIHAMONI, was selected to succeed him. Local elections were held in Cambodia in April 2007, with little of the pre-election violence that preceded prior elections. National elections in July 2008 were relatively peaceful.

About

The Kingdom of Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា ឬ ប្រទេសកម្ពុជា) (sometimes transliterated as Kampuchea to more closely represent the Khmer pronunciation) is a Southeast Asian nation bordered by Vietnam to the east, Laos to the north, Thailand to the northwest, and the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest.

Read more about Cambodia in our Cambodia travel guide »

Featured journals from

Cambodia

Southeast Asia winter 2011

by psmadsen

Brief photo updates from my winter 2011 journey in Australia and Southeast Asia.

Sep 2011 - Dec 2011  »  Australia | Vietnam | Cambodia | Thailand

My journey - 2016

by LadyDebz

And so my journey begins...

May 2016 - Oct 2016  »  United Kingdom | United States | Qatar | Cambodia

Cambodia and Thailand Oct-Nov 2015

by RADAR

Phnom Penh, Kap, Koh Rong,

Oct 2015  »  Cambodia | Thailand |

Cambodia Tour

by robertjohn1

The story describes the tour experience of Angkor region of Cambodia.

Jan 2011  »  Cambodia

Featured hotels in

Cambodia

CambodiaHeritage Suites Hotel 

Wat Polangka
Phum Slok Kram
Siem Reap 17000
Cambodia

Price (US$): $285 - $286 / night

Check rates »

Location. Heritage Suites Hotel is located in Siem Reap, close to Angkor National Musuem, Royal Garden, and Siem Reap Royal Residence. Nearby points of interest also include Lucky Mall Super Market and Wat Preah Prom Rath. Hotel Features. Heritage Suites Hotel's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. The hotel serves hot and cold buffet breakfasts each morning in the restaurant… more »

CambodiaSokha Beach Resort 

Street 2 Thnou
Sihanoukville 18204
Cambodia

Price (US$): $147 - $236 / night

Check rates »

Location. Sokha Beach Resort is located on the beach in central Sihanoukville, close to Sokha Beach, Ochheutel Beach, and Independence Beach. Other points of interest near this luxury resort include Victory Beach and Otres Beach. Resort Features. Dining options at Sokha Beach Resort include 5 restaurants. 2 poolside bars, 4 bars/lounges, and a beach bar are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The resort serves a complimentary buffet breakfast each morning in the… more »

CambodiaAMANSARA 

Road to Angkor
Siem Reap
Cambodia

Price (US$): $950 - $951 / night

Check rates »

The name amansara derives from the twinning of the word aman. Sanskrit for peace and apsara the heavenly nymphs of ancient hindu texts who emerged from the primordial churning of the oceans with the power to change their form at will and to bestow luck on those they favoured. The resort is located in siem reap the cultural capital of cambodia. amansara was once the guest villa of king norodom sihanouk. Transormed into a 24 suite retreat, the resort is set in a private garden compound with… more »

CambodiaAngkor Village Hotel 

Wat Bo Road
Siem Reap 855
Cambodia

Price (US$): $106 - $147 / night

Check rates »

Location. Angkor Village Hotel is located in central Siem Reap, close to Angkor Trade Center, Wat Preah Prom Rath, and Psar Chaa Market. Nearby points of interest also include Pub Street and Angkor Night Market. Resort Features. In addition to 2 restaurants, Angkor Village Hotel offers a snack bar/deli and a coffee shop/café. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. A complimentary continental breakfast is served each morning. Recreational amenities… more »

CambodiaSong Saa Private Island 

Song Saa Private Island
Koh Ouen
Koh Ouen
Cambodia

Price (US$): $1627 - $3661 / night

Check rates »

Location. Song Saa Private Island is located in Koh Ouen. Resort Features. This resort is all inclusive. Rates include meals and beverages at onsite dining establishments. Charges may be applied for dining at some restaurants, special dinners and dishes, some beverages, and other amenities. Song Saa Private Island features a coffee shop/café and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. A complimentary breakfast is served each morning. Guests can enjoy a complimentary… more »

Browse more hotels in Cambodia »

Cambodia

Full name
Kingdom of Cambodia
Capital
Phnom Penh
Location

Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos

Geographic coordinates

13 00 N, 105 00 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than Oklahoma

Border countries

Laos 541 km, Thailand 803 km, Vietnam 1,228 km

Coastline

443 km

Climate

tropical; rainy, monsoon season (May to November); dry season (December to April); little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain

mostly low, flat plains; mountains in southwest and north

Lowest point

Gulf of Thailand 0 m

Highest point

Phnum Aoral 1,810 m

Natural resources

oil and gas, timber, gemstones, iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential

Population

14,453,680

Ethnic groups

Khmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4%

Religions

Buddhist 96.4%, Muslim 2.1%, other 1.3%, unspecified 0.2% (1998 census)

Languages

Khmer (official) 95%, French, English

Government type

multiparty democracy under a constitutional monarchy

Independence

9 November 1953 (from France)

National holiday

Independence Day, 9 November (1953)

Chief of state

King Norodom SIHAMONI (since 29 October 2004)

Head of government

Prime Minister HUN SEN (since 14 January 1985) [co-prime minister from 1993 to 1997]; Permanent Deputy Prime Minister MEN SAM AN (since 25 September 2008); Deputy Prime Ministers SAR KHENG (since 3 February 1992); SOK AN, TEA BANH, HOR NAMHONG, NHEK BUNCHHAY (since 16 July 2004); BIN CHHIN (since 5 September 2007); KEAT CHHON, YIM CHHAI LY (since 24 September 2008); KE KIMYAN (since 12 March 2009)

Internet country code

.kh

Internet users

78,500 (2009)

Airports

17 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Phnom Penh, Kampong Saom (Sihanoukville)

Other countries in the region