Travel becomes a strategy for accumulating photographs.
— Susan Sontag, 1933 - 2004
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Uruguay

Background

Uruguay

Montevideo, founded by the Spanish in 1726 as a military stronghold, soon took advantage of its natural harbor to become an important commercial center. Claimed by Argentina but annexed by Brazil in 1821, Uruguay declared its independence four years later and secured its freedom in 1828 after a three-year struggle. The administrations of President Jose BATLLE in the early 20th century established widespread political, social, and economic reforms that established a statist tradition. A violent Marxist urban guerrilla movement named the Tupamaros, launched in the late 1960s, led Uruguay's president to cede control of the government to the military in 1973. By yearend, the rebels had been crushed, but the military continued to expand its hold over the government. Civilian rule was not restored until 1985. In 2004, the left-of-center Frente Amplio Coalition won national elections that effectively ended 170 years of political control previously held by the Colorado and Blanco parties. Uruguay's political and labor conditions are among the freest on the continent.

About

Uruguay is a country in South America. It has a South Atlantic Ocean coastline and lies between Argentina to the west and Brazil to the north. It is the second-smallest country in South America (after Suriname).

Read more about Uruguay in our Uruguay travel guide »

Featured journals from

Uruguay

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Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Falkland Islands, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela

Featured hotels in

Uruguay

UruguaySofitel Montevideo Casino Carrasco and Spa (Open Nov 2012) 

Rambla Republica de Mexico sn
Montevideo 11500
Uruguay

Price (US$): $380 - $705 / night

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Location. Sofitel Montevideo Casino Carrasco and Spa (Open Nov 2012) is located near the beach in Montevideo and local attractions include Oceanographic Museum, Montevideo Shopping Mall, and World Trade Center. Other area points of interest include Universidad de la Republica and Pocitos Beach. Hotel Features. Sofitel Montevideo Casino Carrasco and Spa (Open Nov 2012)'s restaurant serves breakfast and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day.… more »

UruguayFour Seasons Resort Carmelo 

Ruta 21 Km 262 Dpto Colonia
Carmelo 70100
Uruguay

Price (US$): $480 - $580 / night

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Location. Located in Carmelo, Four Seasons Resort Carmelo is a business friendly hotel on a river. Hotel Features. Dining options at Four Seasons Resort Carmelo include 3 restaurants. A poolside bar is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves breakfast each morning in the restaurant (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities include a golf course. Also located on site are an indoor pool, an outdoor tennis court, a health club, and a sauna. The property's… more »

UruguaySerena Hotel 

Rambla Williman Parada 24
Punta del Este 20100
Uruguay

Price (US$): $240 - $650 / night

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Location. Serena Hotel is located on the beach in Punta del Este's Maldonado neighborhood, close to Mansa Beach and Isla Gorriti Natural Reserve. Other points of interest are Brava Beach and Punta del Este Port. Hotel Features. Dining options at Serena Hotel include 2 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast in the breakfast area. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, an indoor pool,… more »

UruguayHotel Fasano Punta del Este 

Cno. C. Egusquiza y Paso del Barranco
Maldonado
Punta del Este 20400
Uruguay

Price (US$): $750 - $1050 / night

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Location. Hotel Fasano Punta del Este is located on the beach in Punta del Este and attractions in the region include Mansa Beach, Brava Beach, and Isla Gorriti Natural Reserve. Regional points of interest also include Punta del Este Port and Punta del Este Lighthouse. Hotel Features. Hotel Fasano Punta del Este features a poolside bar and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include a golf course. Also located on site are an outdoor pool, an indoor… more »

UruguaySheraton Montevideo Hotel 

Calle Victor Solino 349
Montevideo 11300
Uruguay

Price (US$): $199 - $429 / night

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Location. Sheraton Montevideo Hotel is located near the beach in Montevideo and close to Punta Carretas Shopping Mall, Pocitos Beach, and World Trade Center. Additional points of interest include Montevideo Shopping Mall and Centenario Stadium. Hotel Features. Sheraton Montevideo Hotel's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast. Recreational amenities include an… more »

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Uruguay

Full name
Oriental Republic of Uruguay
Capital
Montevideo
Location

Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Argentina and Brazil

Geographic coordinates

34 53 S, 56 11 W

Area comparative

slightly smaller than the state of Washington

Border countries

Argentina 580 km, Brazil 1,068 km

Coastline

660 km

Climate

warm temperate; freezing temperatures almost unknown

Terrain

mostly rolling plains and low hills; fertile coastal lowland

Lowest point

Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Cerro Catedral 514 m

Natural resources

arable land, hydropower, minor minerals, fish

Population

3,510,386 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

white 88%, mestizo 8%, black 4%, Amerindian (practically nonexistent)

Religions

Roman Catholic 47.1%, non-Catholic Christians 11.1%, nondenominational 23.2%, Jewish 0.3%, atheist or agnostic 17.2%, other 1.1% (2006)

Languages

Spanish (official), Portunol, Brazilero (Portuguese-Spanish mix on the Brazilian frontier)

Government type

constitutional republic

Independence

25 August 1825 (from Brazil)

National holiday

Independence Day, 25 August (1825)

Chief of state

President Jose "Pepe" MUJICA Cordano (since 1 March 2010); Vice President Danilo ASTORI Saragoza (since 1 March 2010); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

Head of government

President Jose "Pepe" MUJICA Cordano (since 1 March 2010); Vice President Danilo ASTORI Saragoza (since 1 March 2010)

Internet country code

.uy

Internet users

1.405 million (2009)

Airports

58 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Montevideo

Other countries in the region