When you get there, there isn't any there there.
— Gertrude Stein, 1874 - 1946




Modern Turkey was founded in 1923 from the Anatolian remnants of the defeated Ottoman Empire by national hero Mustafa KEMAL, who was later honored with the title Ataturk or "Father of the Turks." Under his authoritarian leadership, the country adopted wide-ranging social, legal, and political reforms. After a period of one-party rule, an experiment with multi-party politics led to the 1950 election victory of the opposition Democratic Party and the peaceful transfer of power. Since then, Turkish political parties have multiplied, but democracy has been fractured by periods of instability and intermittent military coups (1960, 1971, 1980), which in each case eventually resulted in a return of political power to civilians. In 1997, the military again helped engineer the ouster - popularly dubbed a "post-modern coup" - of the then Islamic-oriented government. Turkey intervened militarily on Cyprus in 1974 to prevent a Greek takeover of the island and has since acted as patron state to the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus," which only Turkey recognizes. A separatist insurgency begun in 1984 by the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) - now known as the People's Congress of Kurdistan or Kongra-Gel (KGK) - has dominated the Turkish military's attention and claimed more than 30,000 lives. After the capture of the group's leader in 1999, the insurgents largely withdrew from Turkey mainly to northern Iraq. In 2004, KGK announced an end to its ceasefire and attacks attributed to the KGK increased. Turkey joined the UN in 1945 and in 1952 it became a member of NATO. In 1964, Turkey became an associate member of the European Community. Over the past decade, it has undertaken many reforms to strengthen its democracy and economy; it began accession membership talks with the European Union in 2005.


For other places with the same name, see Turkey (disambiguation).

Turkey (Türkiye) is on the Mediterranean, in the Anatolian region of West Asia, with a small section in Southeastern Europe separated by the Turkish Straits (Bosphorus, Sea of Marmara, and Dardanelles). With the Black Sea to the north and the Aegean Sea in the west and Mediterranean Sea to the southwest, Turkey is surrounded by Bulgaria and Greece to the west, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia to the northeast, Syria, Iraq and Iran to the southeast.

Read more about Turkey in our Turkey travel guide »

Featured journals from


Merhaba Turkey

by ashfsk

My experience in Turkey

Dec 2013  »  Turkey

Holidays to Marmaris, turkey

by holidayclick

Cheap holidays to Marmaris

Jul 2010 - Sep 2010  »  Turkey | United States

Spin the globe....summer 2018

by madjeanne

Temperature hit 100, gotta go!

May 2018 - Jul 2018  »  United States | Italy | Croatia | Montenegro | Greece | Turkey | Malta | Spain | France | Monaco


by zohar

Kackar, Turkey

Sep 2008  »  Turkey

Featured hotels in


TurkeyThe Central Palace 

Lamartin Caddesi No 18
Istanbul 34437

Price (US$): $216 - $685 / night

Check rates »

Location. The Central Palace is located in Istanbul's Centro de Istambul neighborhood, close to Taksim Square, Topkapi Palace, and Suleymaniye Mosque. Nearby points of interest also include Grand Bazaar and Basilica Cistern. Hotel Features. The Central Palace features a restaurant. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast. Recreational amenities include a health club and a sauna. This 4.5 star property has a business center and offers small… more »

TurkeyPalmet Resort Hotel 

Yeni Mahalle Ataturk, Bulvari No:36
Kemer 07980

Price (US$): $122 - $155 / night

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Location. Palmet Resort Hotel is located in Kemer and attractions in the region include Phaselis. Hotel Features. Palmet Resort Hotel features a restaurant and a poolside bar. Room service is available. Recreational amenities include a spa tub. Guestrooms. Air conditioned guestrooms at Palmet Resort Hotel feature minibars and safes. Bathrooms feature hair dryers. LCD televisions are available in guestrooms. Housekeeping is available daily.  more »

TurkeyMarti Istanbul Hotel 

Abdulhakhamit Cad. No. 25/B
Istanbul 34435

Price (US$): $154 - $554 / night

Check rates »

Location. Marti Istanbul Hotel is a business friendly hotel located in Istanbul's Centro de Istambul neighborhood, close to Taksim Square, Suleymaniye Mosque, and Topkapi Palace. Additional points of interest include Grand Bazaar and Basilica Cistern. Hotel Features. Dining options at Marti Istanbul Hotel include a restaurant and a coffee shop/cafĂ©. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning in the restaurant… more »

TurkeyAnemon Afyon Hotel And Spa 

Izmir Karayolu Uzeri 8.km

Price (US$): $108 - $135 / night

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Location. Anemon Afyon Hotel And Spa is a business friendly hotel located in downtown Afyon. Hotel Features. Dining options at Anemon Afyon Hotel And Spa include 3 restaurants. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, an indoor pool, a children's pool, a health club, and a spa tub. The property's full service health spa has body treatments, massage/treatment rooms, facials, and beauty… more »

TurkeyMarigold Thermal Spa Hotel 

1 Murat Cad. No:47 Cekirge
Bursa 16070

Price (US$): $162 - $163 / night

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Location. Marigold Thermal Spa Hotel is located in central Bursa, close to Muradiye Complex, Bursa Ataturk Stadium, and Great Mosque. Additional area points of interest include Green Mosque and Bayezid I Mosque. Hotel Features. Marigold Thermal Spa Hotel features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Recreational amenities include a sauna, a fitness facility, and a steam room. Spa amenities include spa services, massage/treatment rooms, body treatments, and a hair salon. This Bursa property has… more »

Browse more hotels in Turkey »


Full name
Republic of Turkey

Southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe), bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria

Geographic coordinates

39 00 N, 35 00 E

Area comparative

slightly larger than Texas

Border countries

Armenia 268 km, Azerbaijan 9 km, Bulgaria 240 km, Georgia 252 km, Greece 206 km, Iran 499 km, Iraq 352 km, Syria 822 km


7,200 km


temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior


high central plateau (Anatolia); narrow coastal plain; several mountain ranges

Lowest point

Mediterranean Sea 0 m

Highest point

Mount Ararat 5,166 m

Natural resources

coal, iron ore, copper, chromium, antimony, mercury, gold, barite, borate, celestite (strontium), emery, feldspar, limestone, magnesite, marble, perlite, pumice, pyrites (sulfur), clay, arable land, hydropower


77,804,122 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Turkish 70-75%, Kurdish 18%, other minorities 7-12% (2008 est.)


Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)


Turkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages

Government type

republican parliamentary democracy


29 October 1923 (successor state to the Ottoman Empire)

National holiday

Republic Day, 29 October (1923)

Chief of state

President Abdullah GUL (since 28 August 2007)

Head of government

Prime Minister Recep Tayyip ERDOGAN (since 14 March)

Internet country code


Internet users

27.233 million (2009)


99 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Aliaga, Diliskelesi, Eregli, Izmir, Kocaeli (Izmit), Mercin Limani, Yarimca

Other countries in the region