Traveling is almost like talking with men of other centuries.
— René Descartes, 1596 - 1650
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Tanzania

Background

Tanzania

Shortly after achieving independence from Britain in the early 1960s, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities.

About

Tanzania is the largest country in East Africa, bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north; Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west, and Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to the south.

Read more about Tanzania in our Tanzania travel guide »

Featured journals from

Tanzania

Zanzibar

by Djastinas

Work n travel zanzibar

Jan 2014  »  Tanzania

Featured hotels in

Tanzania

TanzaniaHyatt Regency Dar Es Salaam, The Kilimanjaro 

Kivukoni Street
P O Box 9574
Dar Es Salaam
Tanzania

Price (US$): $365 - $366 / night

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Location. Hyatt Regency Dar Es Salaam, The Kilimanjaro is a business friendly Dar Es Salaam hotel by the ocean and close to Azania Front Lutheran Church, Dar es Salaam International Conference Centre, and Askari Monument. Additional points of interest include National Museum of Tanzania and Atiman House. Hotel Features. Hyatt Regency Dar Es Salaam, The Kilimanjaro features a restaurant, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include… more »

TanzaniaSINGITA SASAKWA LODGE 

WESTERN SERENGETI
SERENGETI TZ
SERENGETI
Tanzania

Price (US$): $2600 - $2601 / night

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THE SERENGETI PLAIN IS A 60000 KM2 EXPANSE OF SAVANNAHSHARED BETWEEN KENYA AND TANZANIA. EVERY YEAR IT BECOMESTHE THEATRE FOR THE MIGRATION OF THOUSANDS OF WILD ANIMALSINCLUDING ZEBRAS GAZELLES BLACK GNUS AND BUFFALO AS THEYMAKE THEIR ANNUAL DESCENT FROM THE NORTHERN HILLS TO THESOUTHERN PLAINS BEFORE MAKING THE RETURN JOURNEY IN APRIL.AT THE SINGITA GRUMETI YOU WILL HAVE FRONT ROW SEATS FORTHIS BREATHTAKING SPECTACLE. AMONGST THE FLORAL CHINTZ ANIMAL SKIN RUGS INDO VENETIAN MIRRORS FEATHER… more »

TanzaniaDiamonds Star Of The East 

Nungwi Road
Nungwi
Tanzania

Price (US$): $1270 - $1478 / night

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Location. Diamonds Star Of The East is located on the beach in Nungwi, close to Kendwa Beach, Nungwi Beach, and Mnarani Natural Aquarium. Hotel Features. Diamonds Star Of The East features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Spa amenities include spa services and facials. Wireless Internet access (surcharge) is available in public areas. The property offers a roundtrip airport shuttle (surcharge). Guest parking is complimentary. Additional property… more »

TanzaniaEssque Zalu Zanzibar 

Nungwi Village
Nungwi 3151
Tanzania

Price (US$): $712 - $713 / night

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Location. Essque Zalu Zanzibar is located on the beach in Nungwi, close to Mnarani Natural Aquarium, Nungwi Beach, and Kendwa Beach. Hotel Features. In addition to 3 restaurants, Essque Zalu Zanzibar offers a snack bar/deli and a coffee shop/café. 3 bars/lounges, a beach bar, and a poolside bar are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary breakfast. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a children's pool, a sauna, a fitness… more »

TanzaniaSea Cliff Hotel 

Toure Drive, Msasani Peninsula
Dar Es Salaam 3030
Tanzania

Price (US$): $313 - $757 / night

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Location. Sea Cliff Hotel is located on the beach in Dar es Salaam's Msasani Peninsula neighborhood, close to The Slipway, Nyumba ya Sanaa, and Little Theatre. Other points of interest are Makumbusho Village and Mwenge Carvers Market. Hotel Features. Dining options at Sea Cliff Hotel include 2 restaurants. 2 bars/lounges are open for drinks. The hotel serves a complimentary breakfast in the café. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool and a fitness facility. Spa amenities include… more »

Browse more hotels in Tanzania »

Tanzania

Full name
United Republic of Tanzania
Capital
Dar es Salaam
Location

Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique

Geographic coordinates

6 00 S, 35 00 E

Area comparative

slightly larger than twice the size of California

Border countries

Burundi 451 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 459 km, Kenya 769 km, Malawi 475 km, Mozambique 756 km, Rwanda 217 km, Uganda 396 km, Zambia 338 km

Coastline

1,424 km

Climate

varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands

Terrain

plains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north, south

Lowest point

Indian Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Kilimanjaro 5,895 m

Natural resources

hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel

Population

41,892,895

Ethnic groups

mainland - African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, African, mixed Arab and African

Religions

mainland - Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim

Languages

Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages

Government type

republic

Independence

26 April 1964; Tanganyika became independent 9 December 1961 (from UK-administered UN trusteeship); Zanzibar became independent 19 December 1963 (from UK); Tanganyika united with Zanzibar 26 April 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar; renamed United Republic of Tanzania 29 October 1964

National holiday

Union Day (Tanganyika and Zanzibar), 26 April (1964)

Chief of state

President Jakaya KIKWETE (since 21 December 2005); Vice President Dr. Ali Mohammed SHEIN (since 5 July 2001); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government

Head of government

President Jakaya KIKWETE (since 21 December 2005); Vice President Dr. Ali Mohammed SHEIN (since 5 July 2001)

Internet country code

.tz

Internet users

678,000 (2009)

Airports

124 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Dar es Salaam, Zanzibar

Other countries in the region