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Tanzania

Background

Tanzania

Shortly after achieving independence from Britain in the early 1960s, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities.

About

Tanzania is the largest country in East Africa, bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north; Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west, and Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to the south.

Read more about Tanzania in our Tanzania travel guide »

Featured journals from

Tanzania

Zanzibar

by Djastinas

Work n travel zanzibar

Jan 2014  »  Tanzania

Featured hotels in

Tanzania

TanzaniaDiamonds Dream of Zanzibar 

Mahonda
Kiwengwa
Tanzania

Price (US$): $267 - $383 / night

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Location. Diamonds Dream of Zanzibar is located on the beach in Kiwengwa's East Coast Zanzibar neighborhood, close to Mapenzi Beach. Another point of interest is Kiwengwa Beach. Resort Features. This resort is all inclusive. Rates include meals and beverages at onsite dining establishments. Charges may be applied for dining at some restaurants, special dinners and dishes, some beverages, and other amenities. Dining options at Diamonds Dream of Zanzibar include 5 restaurants. Room service is… more »

TanzaniaMelia Zanzibar 

P.O. Box 3140
Kiwengwa
Tanzania

Price (US$): $539 - $619 / night

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Location. Melia Zanzibar is located on the beach in Kiwengwa's East Coast Zanzibar neighborhood, close to Mapenzi Beach and Kiwengwa Beach. Hotel Features. Dining options at Melia Zanzibar include 5 restaurants. A beach bar, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a health club, a sauna, and a children's club. The property's full service health spa has massage/treatment rooms and beauty… more »

TanzaniaMivumo River Lodge 

Selous Game Reserve, Stiegler's Gorge
Selous Game Reserve
Tanzania

Price (US$): $1060 - $1061 / night

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Location. Located in Selous Game Reserve, Mivumo River Lodge is a beachfront luxury lodge on a river. Property Features. Mivumo River Lodge's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. The lodge serves a complimentary hot and cold buffet breakfast. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool and a spa tub. The property's full service health spa has body treatments, massage/treatment rooms, and facials. Complimentary wireless Internet access is… more »

TanzaniaDar Es Salaam Serena Hotel 

Ohio Street
Dar Es Salaam
Tanzania

Price (US$): $285 - $2225 / night

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Location. Dar Es Salaam Serena Hotel is a business friendly hotel located in central Dar es Salaam, close to Dar es Salaam International Conference Centre, Askari Monument, and Dar es Salaam Botanical Gardens. Additional points of interest include National Museum of Tanzania and Azania Front Lutheran Church. Hotel Features. Dar Es Salaam Serena Hotel's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day… more »

TanzaniaDiamonds La Gemma Dell'Est 

Nungwi Road
Nungwi
Tanzania

Price (US$): $518 - $761 / night

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Location. Diamonds La Gemma Dell'Est is located on the beach in Nungwi, close to Kendwa Beach, Nungwi Beach, and Mnarani Natural Aquarium. Resort Features. This resort is all inclusive. Rates include meals and beverages at onsite dining establishments. Charges may be applied for dining at some restaurants, special dinners and dishes, some beverages, and other amenities. Room service is available. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, an outdoor tennis court, a spa tub, and a… more »

Browse more hotels in Tanzania »

Tanzania

Full name
United Republic of Tanzania
Capital
Dar es Salaam
Location

Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique

Geographic coordinates

6 00 S, 35 00 E

Area comparative

slightly larger than twice the size of California

Border countries

Burundi 451 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 459 km, Kenya 769 km, Malawi 475 km, Mozambique 756 km, Rwanda 217 km, Uganda 396 km, Zambia 338 km

Coastline

1,424 km

Climate

varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands

Terrain

plains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north, south

Lowest point

Indian Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Kilimanjaro 5,895 m

Natural resources

hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel

Population

41,892,895

Ethnic groups

mainland - African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, African, mixed Arab and African

Religions

mainland - Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim

Languages

Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages

Government type

republic

Independence

26 April 1964; Tanganyika became independent 9 December 1961 (from UK-administered UN trusteeship); Zanzibar became independent 19 December 1963 (from UK); Tanganyika united with Zanzibar 26 April 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar; renamed United Republic of Tanzania 29 October 1964

National holiday

Union Day (Tanganyika and Zanzibar), 26 April (1964)

Chief of state

President Jakaya KIKWETE (since 21 December 2005); Vice President Dr. Ali Mohammed SHEIN (since 5 July 2001); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government

Head of government

President Jakaya KIKWETE (since 21 December 2005); Vice President Dr. Ali Mohammed SHEIN (since 5 July 2001)

Internet country code

.tz

Internet users

678,000 (2009)

Airports

124 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Dar es Salaam, Zanzibar

Other countries in the region