Without adventure civilization is in full decay.
— Alfred North Whitehead, 1861 - 1947
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South Africa

Background

South Africa

Dutch traders landed at the southern tip of modern day South Africa in 1652 and established a stopover point on the spice route between the Netherlands and the Far East, founding the city of Cape Town. After the British seized the Cape of Good Hope area in 1806, many of the Dutch settlers (the Boers) trekked north to found their own republics. The discovery of diamonds (1867) and gold (1886) spurred wealth and immigration and intensified the subjugation of the native inhabitants. The Boers resisted British encroachments but were defeated in the Boer War (1899-1902); however, the British and the Afrikaners, as the Boers became known, ruled together beginning in 1910 under the Union of South Africa, which became a republic in 1961 after a whites-only referendum. In 1948, the National Party was voted into power and instituted a policy of apartheid - the separate development of the races - which favored the white minority at the expense of the black majority. The African National Congress (ANC) led the opposition to apartheid and many top ANC leaders, such as Nelson MANDELA, spent decades in South Africa's prisons. Internal protests and insurgency, as well as boycotts by some Western nations and institutions, led to the regime's eventual willingness to negotiate a peaceful transition to majority rule. The first multi-racial elections in 1994 brought an end to apartheid and ushered in majority rule under an ANC-led government. South Africa since then has struggled to address apartheid-era imbalances in decent housing, education, and health care. ANC infighting, which has grown in recent years, came to a head in September 2008 when President Thabo MBEKI resigned, and Kgalema MOTLANTHE, the party's General-Secretary, succeeded him as interim president. Jacob ZUMA became president after the ANC won general elections in April 2009. In January 2011, South Africa assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2011-12 term.

About

South Africa is located at the southern tip of Africa. It is bordered by Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Swaziland and Lesotho (which is completely surrounded by South Africa). It is a vast country with widely varying landscapes and has 11 official languages, as well as an equally diverse population. South Africa is renowned for its wines and is one of the world's largest producers of gold. South Africa has a strong economy and is an influential player in African politics. In 2010, South Africa hosted the first Football World Cup to be held on the African continent.

Read more about South Africa in our South Africa travel guide »

Featured journals from

South Africa

Marco?

by EmelieRoy

Polo

Aug 2012 - Oct 2012  »  Canada | South Africa

Travels

by DaniellaAdler

Aug 2011 - Jan 2015  »  Croatia | United States | France | South Africa

Featured hotels in

South Africa

South AfricaMoloko Executive Apartments and Hotel 

160 Helen Road, Strathavon
Sandton
Johannesburg 2031
South Africa

Location. Moloko Executive Apartments and Hotel is located in Johannesburg's Sandown neighborhood, close to Johannesburg Stock Exchange, Sandton City, and Nelson Mandela Square. Nearby points of interest also include Sandton Convention Centre and Melrose Arch Shopping Centre. Hotel Features. Moloko Executive Apartments and Hotel's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each… more »

South AfricaRadisson Blu Hotel Sandton, Johannesburg 

Daisy Street And Rivonia Road
Johannesburg 2010
South Africa

Price (US$): $392 - $558 / night

Check rates »

Location. Radisson Blu Hotel Sandton, Johannesburg is a business friendly hotel located in Johannesburg's Fourways neighborhood, close to Johannesburg Stock Exchange, Sandton Convention Centre, and Sandton City. Additional points of interest include Nelson Mandela Square and Melrose Arch Shopping Centre. Hotel Features. Dining options at Radisson Blu Hotel Sandton, Johannesburg include a restaurant and a snack bar/deli. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a… more »

South AfricaAfrican Pride The Sands At St Francis Bay 

8 Frank Road
Saint Francis Bay 6312
South Africa

Price (US$): $418 - $419 / night

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Location. African Pride The Sands At St Francis Bay is located on the beach in Saint Francis Bay, close to St. Francis Bay Beach. Regional points of interest also include Jeffreys Bay Beach. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a spa tub, and a sauna. This 5 star property offers secretarial services and business services. Wireless Internet access (surcharge) is available in public areas. Additional property amenities include tour/ticket assistance, a porter/bellhop… more »

South AfricaGondwana Game Reserve 

Heuningkip Farm, R327
Mossel Bay 6500
South Africa

Price (US$): $726 - $836 / night

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Location. Gondwana Game Reserve is located near the beach in Mossel Bay's Garden Route neighborhood. Hotel Features. Gondwana Game Reserve's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. Recreational amenities include 2 outdoor swimming pools. Also located on site is a children's club. Spa amenities include massage/treatment rooms, facials, and body treatments. This 5 star property has a business center and… more »

South AfricaPeermont D'oreale Grande at Emperors Palace 

64 Jones Road
Kempton Park 1620
South Africa

Price (US$): $234 - $235 / night

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Location. Located in Kempton Park, Peermont D'oreale Grande at Emperors Palace is near the airport and close to Kempton Park Golf Club, East Rand Mall, and Value Mall. Additional points of interest include Festival Mall and K90 Shopping Centre. Hotel Features. Peermont D'oreale Grande at Emperors Palace's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool… more »

Browse more hotels in South Africa »

South Africa

Capital
Pretoria
Location

Southern Africa, at the southern tip of the continent of Africa

Geographic coordinates

29 00 S, 24 00 E

Area comparative

slightly less than twice the size of Texas

Border countries

Botswana 1,840 km, Lesotho 909 km, Mozambique 491 km, Namibia 967 km, Swaziland 430 km, Zimbabwe 225 km

Coastline

2,798 km

Climate

mostly semiarid; subtropical along east coast; sunny days, cool nights

Terrain

vast interior plateau rimmed by rugged hills and narrow coastal plain

Lowest point

Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Njesuthi 3,408 m

Natural resources

gold, chromium, antimony, coal, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, tin, rare earth elements, uranium, gem diamonds, platinum, copper, vanadium, salt, natural gas

Population

49,109,107

Ethnic groups

black African 79%, white 9.6%, colored 8.9%, Indian/Asian 2.5% (2001 census)

Religions

Zion Christian 11.1%, Pentecostal/Charismatic 8.2%, Catholic 7.1%, Methodist 6.8%, Dutch Reformed 6.7%, Anglican 3.8%, Muslim 1.5%, other Christian 36%, other 2.3%, unspecified 1.4%, none 15.1% (2001 census)

Languages

IsiZulu (official) 23.8%, IsiXhosa (official) 17.6%, Afrikaans (official) 13.3%, Sepedi (offcial) 9.4%, English (official) 8.2%, Setswana (official) 8.2%, Sesotho (official) 7.9%, Xitsonga (official) 4.4%, other 7.2%, isiNdebele (official), Tshivenda (official), siSwati (official) (2001 census)

Government type

republic

Independence

31 May 1910 (Union of South Africa formed from four British colonies Cape Colony, Natal, Transvaal, and Orange Free State); 31 May 1961 (republic declared); 27 April 1994 (majority rule)

National holiday

Freedom Day, 27 April (1994)

Chief of state

President Jacob ZUMA (since 9 May 2009); Executive Deputy President Kgalema MOTLANTHE (since 11 May 2009); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

Head of government

President Jacob ZUMA (since 9 May 2009); Executive Deputy President Kgalema MOTLANTHE (since 11 May 2009)

Internet country code

.za

Internet users

4.42 million (2009)

Airports

578 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Cape Town, Durban, Port Elizabeth, Richards Bay, Saldanha Bay

Other countries in the region