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Philippines

Background

Philippines

The Philippine Islands became a Spanish colony during the 16th century; they were ceded to the US in 1898 following the Spanish-American War. In 1935 the Philippines became a self-governing commonwealth. Manuel QUEZON was elected president and was tasked with preparing the country for independence after a 10-year transition. In 1942 the islands fell under Japanese occupation during World War II, and US forces and Filipinos fought together during 1944-45 to regain control. On 4 July 1946 the Republic of the Philippines attained its independence. A 20-year rule by Ferdinand MARCOS ended in 1986, when a "people power" movement in Manila ("EDSA 1") forced him into exile and installed Corazon AQUINO as president. Her presidency was hampered by several coup attempts that prevented a return to full political stability and economic development. Fidel RAMOS was elected president in 1992. His administration was marked by increased stability and by progress on economic reforms. In 1992, the US closed its last military bases on the islands. Joseph ESTRADA was elected president in 1998. He was succeeded by his vice-president, Gloria MACAPAGAL-ARROYO, in January 2001 after ESTRADA's stormy impeachment trial on corruption charges broke down and another "people power" movement ("EDSA 2") demanded his resignation. MACAPAGAL-ARROYO was elected to a six-year term as president in May 2004. Her presidency was marred by several corruption allegations but the Philippine economy was one of the few to avoid contraction following the 2008 global financial crisis, expanding each year of her administration. Benigno AQUINO III was elected to a six-year term as president in May 2010. The Philippine Government faces threats from several groups on the US Government's Foreign Terrorist Organization list. Manila has waged a decades-long struggle against ethnic Moro insurgencies in the southern Philippines, which has led to a peace accord with the Moro National Liberation Front and on-again/off-again peace talks with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front. The decades-long Maoist-inspired New Peoples' Army insurgency also operates through much of the country.

About

The Philippines (Filipino: Pilipinas) is an archipelago in South-East Asia. The nation consists of 7,107 islands located between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, east of Vietnam, and north of Sabah and Borneo, combine all its beaches it forms one of the world's longest coastlines and it takes about 2 to 3 decades to visit and experience every island. Since Spanish colonial times, the country is considered to be Asia's largest Catholic country. Over a hundred ethnic groups, a mixture of foreign influences and a fusion of culture and arts have enhanced the uniqueness of the Filipino identity and the wonder that is the Philippines.

Read more about Philippines in our Philippines travel guide »

A travel warning has been issued for Philippines

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Featured hotels in

Philippines

PhilippinesOakwood Premier Joy-Nostalg Center Manila 

17 ADB Avenue Ortigas Center
(Topaz Road Entrance)
Pasig 1600
Philippines

Price (US$): $142 - $201 / night

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Location. Oakwood Premier Joy Nostalg Center Manila is a business friendly hotel located in Pasig's Ortigas Center neighborhood, close to Asian Development Bank Headquarters, Smart Araneta Coliseum, and Robinsons Galleria Mall. Additional points of interest include Metrowalk and SM Megamall. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a health club, a spa tub, and a sauna. Spa amenities include spa services and massage/treatment rooms. This 4.5 star property has a business… more »

PhilippinesThe Peninsula Manila 

Corner Of Ayala And Makati Avenues
Makati 1226
Philippines

Price (US$): $239 - $436 / night

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Location. The Peninsula Manila is a business friendly hotel located in Makati's Makati Central Business District neighborhood, close to Makati Stock Exchange, World Trade Center Manila, and Ayala Center. Additional points of interest include Baywalk and Ayala Museum. Hotel Features. Dining options at The Peninsula Manila include a coffee shop/café and a snack bar/deli. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities… more »

PhilippinesThe Farm at San Benito 

119 Barangay Tipakan
Lipa 4217
Philippines

Price (US$): $963 - $964 / night

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Location. Located in Lipa, The Farm at San Benito is in a rural location and close to Mount Malarayat Golf and Country Club, San Sebastian Cathedral, and The Mabini Academy. Additional area points of interest include Summit Point Golf and Country Club and Fernando Air Base. Resort Features. The Farm at San Benito's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Room service is available during limited hours. The resort serves a complimentary full breakfast each morning in the restaurant.… more »

PhilippinesDiamond Hotel Philippines 

Roxas Blvd Cor Dr J Quintos
Manila 1000
Philippines

Price (US$): $164 - $302 / night

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Location. Near the airport, Diamond Hotel Philippines is located in Manila's Ermita Night District neighborhood and close to Baywalk, U.S. Embassy, and Supreme Court of the Philippines. Additional points of interest include Remedios Circle and SM Mall of Asia. Hotel Features. Diamond Hotel Philippines features a coffee shop/café and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning in the restaurant (surcharges apply). Recreational… more »

PhilippinesMaxims Tower 

Newport City
Pasay
Philippines

Price (US$): $263 - $264 / night

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Location. Located in Pasay, Maxims Tower is near the airport and close to Baclaran Church, Embassy of Japan, and Makati Stock Exchange. Nearby points of interest also include SM Mall of Asia and Ayala Center. Resort Features. In addition to 7 restaurants, Maxims Tower offers a snack bar/deli and a coffee shop/café. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The resort serves a complimentary buffet breakfast each morning in the restaurant. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a… more »

Browse more hotels in Philippines »

Philippines

Full name
Republic of the Philippines
Capital
Manila
Location

Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, east of Vietnam

Geographic coordinates

13 00 N, 122 00 E

Area comparative

slightly larger than Arizona

Coastline

36,289 km

Climate

tropical marine; northeast monsoon (November to April); southwest monsoon (May to October)

Terrain

mostly mountains with narrow to extensive coastal lowlands

Lowest point

Philippine Sea 0 m

Highest point

Mount Apo 2,954 m

Natural resources

timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper

Population

99,900,177 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Tagalog 28.1%, Cebuano 13.1%, Ilocano 9%, Bisaya/Binisaya 7.6%, Hiligaynon Ilonggo 7.5%, Bikol 6%, Waray 3.4%, other 25.3% (2000 census)

Religions

Roman Catholic 80.9%, Muslim 5%, Evangelical 2.8%, Iglesia ni Kristo 2.3%, Aglipayan 2%, other Christian 4.5%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.6%, none 0.1% (2000 census)

Languages

Filipino (official; based on Tagalog) and English (official); eight major dialects - Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinan

Government type

republic

Independence

12 June 1898 (independence proclaimed from Spain); 4 July 1946 (from the US)

National holiday

Independence Day, 12 June (1898); note - 12 June 1898 was date of declaration of independence from Spain; 4 July 1946 was date of independence from US

Chief of state

President Benigno AQUINO (since 30 June 2010); Vice President Jejomar BINAY (since 30 June 2010); note - president is both chief of state and head of government

Head of government

President Benigno AQUINO (since 30 June 2010)

Internet country code

.ph

Internet users

8.278 million (2009)

Airports

254 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Batangas, Cagayan de Oro, Cebu, Davao, Liman, Manila

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