They change their climate, not their soul, who rush across the sea.
— Horace, 65 - 8 B.C.
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Peru

Background

Peru

Ancient Peru was the seat of several prominent Andean civilizations, most notably that of the Incas whose empire was captured by the Spanish conquistadors in 1533. Peruvian independence was declared in 1821, and remaining Spanish forces defeated in 1824. After a dozen years of military rule, Peru returned to democratic leadership in 1980, but experienced economic problems and the growth of a violent insurgency. President Alberto FUJIMORI's election in 1990 ushered in a decade that saw a dramatic turnaround in the economy and significant progress in curtailing guerrilla activity. Nevertheless, the president's increasing reliance on authoritarian measures and an economic slump in the late 1990s generated mounting dissatisfaction with his regime, which led to his ouster in 2000. A caretaker government oversaw new elections in the spring of 2001, which ushered in Alejandro TOLEDO Manrique as the new head of government - Peru's first democratically elected president of Native American ethnicity. The presidential election of 2006 saw the return of Alan GARCIA Perez who, after a disappointing presidential term from 1985 to 1990, has overseen a robust macroeconomic performance.

About

Peru is a country in South America, situated on the western side of that continent, facing the South Pacific Ocean and straddling part of the Andes mountain range that runs the length of South America. Peru is bordered by Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil and Bolivia to the east, and Chile to the south. Peru is a country that has a diversity and wealth little common in the world. The main attractions are their archaeological patrimony of pre-Columbian cultures and the center of Inca's Empire, their gastronomy, their colonial architecture (has imposing colonial constructions) and their natural resources (a paradise for the ecological tourism).

Read more about Peru in our Peru travel guide »

Featured journals from

Peru

One Lucky Lady off to see the World!

by Natreadtravels

Let the Adventure begin.............thank you Edwina and Cruise Portfolio for allowing me this wonderful opportunity.

Mar 2014 - Jun 2014  »  United Kingdom | Vietnam | Chile | Argentina | Bolivia | Colombia | Peru

Where's Wallis in South America

by heath

Touring Peru, Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil

Apr 2013  »  Peru

A Photographic Tour to Peru

by greenperuadventures

If you are a photographer and searching for that special place to meet your photographic passion, then Peru is the destination for you.

Aug 2015 - Sep 2015  »  Peru

AUQUI PERU & MOUNTAIN SPIRIT

by auquiperu

Jan 2017 - Feb 2017  »  Peru

THE MOST TOURISTIC PLACE IN AMERICA

by TOUR IN PERU

SPANISH - QUECHUA - MACHUPICCHU - TOURS

Jun 2010  »  Peru

Viaje Patriotico

by stvnmi

Visit Ecuador

Jul 2010  »  Peru | Ecuador

Going Going Gone...

by genyvoyager

Hitting the road...

Aug 2017 - May 2018  »  United States | Peru

Featured hotels in

Peru

PeruHotel Paracas, A Luxury Collection Resort 

Av. Paracas S/n
Ica
Paracas
Peru

Price (US$): $220 - $350 / night

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Location. Hotel Paracas, A Luxury Collection Resort is located on the beach in Paracas and attractions in the region include Pisco Plaza de Armas. Hotel Features. Dining options at Hotel Paracas, A Luxury Collection Resort include 2 restaurants. 2 poolside bars are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning in the restaurant (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities include a children's pool, a health club, a sauna, a steam… more »

PeruLas Casitas del Colca 

Parque Curina
Yanque
Peru

Price (US$): $413 - $990 / night

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Location. Located in Yanque, Las Casitas del Colca is in the mountains. Hotel Features. Las Casitas del Colca's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. The hotel serves a complimentary cooked to order breakfast each morning in the restaurant. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool and a spa tub. There is a full service health spa on site. This 5 star property has a business center. Complimentary… more »

PeruSheraton Lima Hotel & Convention Center 

Paseo De La Republica 170
Lima 1
Peru

Price (US$): $189 - $238 / night

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Location. Sheraton Lima Hotel & Convention Center is a business friendly hotel located in central Lima, close to Lima Art Museum, Exposition Park, and National Stadium. Additional points of interest include Cathedral of Lima and Plaza Mayor. Hotel Features. Dining options at Sheraton Lima Hotel & Convention Center include 2 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning (surcharges apply). Recreational… more »

PeruTambo del Inka, a Luxury Collection Resort & Spa 

Avenida Ferrocarril S/N, Sacred Valley
Urubamba
Peru

Price (US$): $234 - $345 / night

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Location. Located in Urubamba, Tambo del Inka, a Luxury Collection Resort & Spa is a business friendly hotel on a river. Hotel Features. Tambo del Inka, a Luxury Collection Resort & Spa's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning in the restaurant (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, an indoor pool, a health club, a spa tub, and a… more »

PeruJW Marriott Hotel Cusco 

Esquina De La Calle Ruinas 432
y San Agustin
Cusco
Peru

Price (US$): $290 - $505 / night

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Location. JW Marriott Hotel Cusco is a business friendly hotel located in Cusco, close to UNSAAC Yale International Center, Plaza of Arms, and Cusco Cathedral. Additional points of interest include Cusco Museum of Popular Art and Qorikancha. Hotel Features. JW Marriott Hotel Cusco features a restaurant. Room service is available. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool and a spa tub. Additional property amenities include express check in, express check out, and a safe deposit box at… more »

Browse more hotels in Peru »

Peru

Full name
Republic of Peru
Capital
Lima
Location

Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador

Geographic coordinates

10 00 S, 76 00 W

Area comparative

slightly smaller than Alaska

Border countries

Bolivia 1,075 km, Brazil 2,995 km, Chile 171 km, Colombia 1,800 km, Ecuador 1,420 km

Coastline

2,414 km

Climate

varies from tropical in east to dry desert in west; temperate to frigid in Andes

Terrain

western coastal plain (costa), high and rugged Andes in center (sierra), eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin (selva)

Lowest point

Pacific Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Nevado Huascaran 6,768 m

Natural resources

copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower, natural gas

Population

29,907,003 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Amerindian 45%, mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 37%, white 15%, black, Japanese, Chinese, and other 3%

Religions

Roman Catholic 81.3%, Evangelical 12.5%, other 3.3%, unspecified or none 2.9% (2007 Census)

Languages

Spanish 84.1% (official), Quechua 13% (official), Aymara 1.7%, Ashaninka 0.3%, other native languages 0.7% (includes a large number of minor Amazonian languages), other 0.2% (2007 Census)

Government type

constitutional republic

Independence

28 July 1821 (from Spain)

National holiday

Independence Day, 28 July (1821)

Chief of state

President Alan GARCIA Perez (since 28 July 2006); First Vice President Luis GIAMPIETRI Rojas (since 28 July 2006); Second Vice President Lourdes MENDOZA del Solar (since 28 July 2006); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

Head of government

President Alan GARCIA Perez (since 28 July 2006); First Vice President Luis GIAMPIETRI Rojas (since 28 July 2006); Second Vice President Lourdes MENDOZA del Solar (since 28 July 2006)

Internet country code

.pe

Internet users

9.158 million (2009)

Airports

211 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Callao, Iquitos, Matarani, Paita, Pucallpa, Yurimaguas; note - Iquitos, Pucallpa, and Yurimaguas are on the upper reaches of the Amazon and its tributaries

Other countries in the region