One may walk over the highest mountain one step at a time.
— John Wanamaker, 1838 - 1922




Two centuries of Viking raids into Europe tapered off following the adoption of Christianity by King Olav TRYGGVASON in 994. Conversion of the Norwegian kingdom occurred over the next several decades. In 1397, Norway was absorbed into a union with Denmark that lasted more than four centuries. In 1814, Norwegians resisted the cession of their country to Sweden and adopted a new constitution. Sweden then invaded Norway but agreed to let Norway keep its constitution in return for accepting the union under a Swedish king. Rising nationalism throughout the 19th century led to a 1905 referendum granting Norway independence. Although Norway remained neutral in World War I, it suffered heavy losses to its shipping. Norway proclaimed its neutrality at the outset of World War II, but was nonetheless occupied for five years by Nazi Germany (1940-45). In 1949, neutrality was abandoned and Norway became a member of NATO. Discovery of oil and gas in adjacent waters in the late 1960s boosted Norway's economic fortunes. The current focus is on containing spending on the extensive welfare system and planning for the time when petroleum reserves are depleted. In referenda held in 1972 and 1994, Norway rejected joining the EU.


Norway (Norge) is the westernmost, northernmost - and in fact the easternmost - of the three Scandinavian countries, located in Scandinavia west of Sweden. Best known for the complex and deep fjords along its west coast, it stretches from the North Sea near Denmark and Scotland into the Arctic Ocean where it borders northern Finland and the northwestern tip of Russia.

Read more about Norway in our Norway travel guide »

Featured journals from


Summer 2017

by madjeanne

Headed North to cool down a bit.

Jul 2017 - Sep 2017  »  United States | United Kingdom | Norway | Svalbard and Jan Mayen | Sweden | Estonia | Russia | Finland | Germany | Netherlands | Belgium | Ireland | Iceland | Greenland | Canada

Featured hotels in


NorwayRadisson Blu Plaza Hotel, Oslo 

Sonja Henies Plass 3 Postboks 9206
Oslo N-0134

Price (US$): $335 - $706 / night

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Location. Located in central Oslo, Radisson Blu Plaza Hotel, Oslo is a business friendly hotel within walking distance of Oslo Spektrum and Oslo Cathedral. Additional points of interest include Parliament and Royal Palace. Hotel Features. Radisson Blu Plaza Hotel, Oslo features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Room service is available during limited hours. The hotel serves a complimentary breakfast. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a sauna, and a fitness facility. This 5 star… more »

NorwayHotel Continental 

Stortingsgaten 24-26
Oslo 0161

Price (US$): $403 - $653 / night

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Location. Hotel Continental is a business friendly hotel located in Oslo, close to National Theater, Oslo City Hall, and Parliament. Additional points of interest include Royal Palace and Fridtjof Nansen Square. Hotel Features. Dining options at Hotel Continental include 2 restaurants. 4 bars/lounges are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include a fitness facility. This 5 star property has a business center and offers limo/town car service,… more »

NorwayBritannia Hotel 

Dronningensgate 5
Trondheim 7011

Price (US$): $306 - $714 / night

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Location. Located in central Trondheim, Britannia Hotel is a business friendly hotel within walking distance of Stiftsgarden Royal Residence, Torget Square, and Museum of Decorative Arts. Additional points of interest include Nidaros Cathedral and Archbishop's Palace. Hotel Features. Dining options at Britannia Hotel include 3 restaurants. Room service is available during limited hours. The hotel serves a complimentary hot and cold buffet breakfast each morning in the restaurant.… more »

NorwayBest Western Havly Hotell 

Valberggt 1
Stavanger N-4006

Price (US$): $261 - $262 / night

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Location. Located in central Stavanger, Best Western Havly Hotell is within walking distance of Stavanger Maritime Museum, Norwegian Petroleum Museum, and Stavanger Cathedral. Nearby points of interest also include Stavanger Museum and Archealogical Museum. Hotel Features. This 3.5 star property offers small meeting rooms and audiovisual equipment. Complimentary wireless Internet access is available in public areas. This Stavanger property has 156 square meters of event space consisting of… more »

NorwaySkifer Hotel 

O. Skasliensvei 9
Oppdal 7340

Price (US$): $252 - $253 / night

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Location. Skifer Hotel is located in the midtown area of Oppdal. Hotel Features. Skifer Hotel's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. The hotel serves a complimentary hot and cold buffet breakfast. Recreational amenities include a sauna, a fitness facility, and complimentary bicycles. Spa amenities include massage/treatment rooms, facials, and body treatments. This 3.5 star property offers small meeting rooms, technology support staff, and… more »

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Full name
Kingdom of Norway

Northern Europe, bordering the North Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Sweden

Geographic coordinates

62 00 N, 10 00 E

Area comparative

slightly larger than New Mexico

Border countries

Finland 727 km, Sweden 1,619 km, Russia 196 km


25,148 km (includes mainland 2,650 km, as well as long fjords, numerous small islands, and minor indentations 22,498 km; length of island coastlines 58,133 km)


temperate along coast, modified by North Atlantic Current; colder interior with increased precipitation and colder summers; rainy year-round on west coast


glaciated; mostly high plateaus and rugged mountains broken by fertile valleys; small, scattered plains; coastline deeply indented by fjords; arctic tundra in north

Lowest point

Norwegian Sea 0 m

Highest point

Galdhopiggen 2,469 m

Natural resources

petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, titanium, pyrites, nickel, fish, timber, hydropower


4,676,305 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Norwegian 94.4% (includes Sami, about 60,000), other European 3.6%, other 2% (2007 estimate)


Church of Norway 85.7%, Pentecostal 1%, Roman Catholic 1%, other Christian 2.4%, Muslim 1.8%, other 8.1% (2004)


Bokmal Norwegian (official), Nynorsk Norwegian (official), small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities; note - Sami is official in six municipalities

Government type

constitutional monarchy


7 June 1905 (Norway declared the union with Sweden dissolved); 26 October 1905 (Sweden agreed to the repeal of the union)

National holiday

Constitution Day, 17 May (1814)

Chief of state

King HARALD V (since 17 January 1991); Heir Apparent Crown Prince HAAKON MAGNUS, son of the monarch (born 20 July 1973)

Head of government

Prime Minister Jens STOLTENBERG (since 17 October 2005)

Internet country code


Internet users

4.431 million (2009)


98 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Bergen, Haugesund, Maaloy, Mongstad, Narvik, Sture

Other countries in the region