We wander for distraction, but we travel for fulfillment.
— Hilaire Belloc, 1870 - 1953
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Norway

Background

Norway

Two centuries of Viking raids into Europe tapered off following the adoption of Christianity by King Olav TRYGGVASON in 994. Conversion of the Norwegian kingdom occurred over the next several decades. In 1397, Norway was absorbed into a union with Denmark that lasted more than four centuries. In 1814, Norwegians resisted the cession of their country to Sweden and adopted a new constitution. Sweden then invaded Norway but agreed to let Norway keep its constitution in return for accepting the union under a Swedish king. Rising nationalism throughout the 19th century led to a 1905 referendum granting Norway independence. Although Norway remained neutral in World War I, it suffered heavy losses to its shipping. Norway proclaimed its neutrality at the outset of World War II, but was nonetheless occupied for five years by Nazi Germany (1940-45). In 1949, neutrality was abandoned and Norway became a member of NATO. Discovery of oil and gas in adjacent waters in the late 1960s boosted Norway's economic fortunes. The current focus is on containing spending on the extensive welfare system and planning for the time when petroleum reserves are depleted. In referenda held in 1972 and 1994, Norway rejected joining the EU.

About

Norway (Norge) is the westernmost, northernmost - and in fact the easternmost - of the three Scandinavian countries, located in Scandinavia west of Sweden. Best known for the complex and deep fjords along its west coast, it stretches from the North Sea near Denmark and Scotland into the Arctic Ocean where it borders northern Finland and the northwestern tip of Russia.

Read more about Norway in our Norway travel guide »

Featured journals from

Norway

Summer 2017

by madjeanne

Headed North to cool down a bit.

Jul 2017 - Sep 2017  »  United States | United Kingdom | Norway | Svalbard and Jan Mayen | Sweden | Estonia | Russia | Finland | Germany | Netherlands | Belgium | Ireland | Iceland | Greenland | Canada

Featured hotels in

Norway

NorwayBritannia Hotel 

Dronningensgate 5
Trondheim 7011
Norway

Price (US$): $306 - $714 / night

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Location. Located in central Trondheim, Britannia Hotel is a business friendly hotel within walking distance of Stiftsgarden Royal Residence, Torget Square, and Museum of Decorative Arts. Additional points of interest include Nidaros Cathedral and Archbishop's Palace. Hotel Features. Dining options at Britannia Hotel include 3 restaurants. Room service is available during limited hours. The hotel serves a complimentary hot and cold buffet breakfast each morning in the restaurant.… more »

NorwayHotel Continental 

Stortingsgaten 24-26
Oslo 0161
Norway

Price (US$): $403 - $653 / night

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Location. Hotel Continental is a business friendly hotel located in Oslo, close to National Theater, Oslo City Hall, and Parliament. Additional points of interest include Royal Palace and Fridtjof Nansen Square. Hotel Features. Dining options at Hotel Continental include 2 restaurants. 4 bars/lounges are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include a fitness facility. This 5 star property has a business center and offers limo/town car service,… more »

NorwayRadisson Blu Plaza Hotel, Oslo 

Sonja Henies Plass 3 Postboks 9206
Oslo N-0134
Norway

Price (US$): $335 - $706 / night

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Location. Located in central Oslo, Radisson Blu Plaza Hotel, Oslo is a business friendly hotel within walking distance of Oslo Spektrum and Oslo Cathedral. Additional points of interest include Parliament and Royal Palace. Hotel Features. Radisson Blu Plaza Hotel, Oslo features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Room service is available during limited hours. The hotel serves a complimentary breakfast. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a sauna, and a fitness facility. This 5 star… more »

NorwayLosby Gods 

Losbyveien 270
Finstadjordet
Lorenskog 1475
Norway

Price (US$): $164 - $206 / night

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Location. Losby Gods is a business friendly hotel located in Lorenskog's Finstadjordet neighborhood, close to Losby Golf Club, Triaden Lorenskog Storsenter, and Lorenskog Bygdemuseum. Other area points of interest include Akershus University Hospital and Norway Trade Fairs. Hotel Features. Dining options at Losby Gods include 2 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. The hotel serves a complimentary hot and cold buffet breakfast. Recreational amenities include a golf course. Also… more »

NorwayRadisson Blu Caledonien Hotel, Kristiansand 

Vestre Standgate 7
Kristiansand 4610
Norway

Price (US$): $239 - $312 / night

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Location. Radisson Blu Caledonien Hotel, Kristiansand is a business friendly hotel located in central Kristiansand, close to Kristiansand Cathedral, Christiansholm Festning, and University of Agder. Other area points of interest include Kristiansand Kanonmuseum. Hotel Features. Radisson Blu Caledonien Hotel, Kristiansand's restaurant serves breakfast, dinner, and light fare. The hotel also has a coffee shop/café and a grocery. 2 bars/lounges are open for drinks. Room service is available… more »

Browse more hotels in Norway »

Norway

Full name
Kingdom of Norway
Capital
Oslo
Location

Northern Europe, bordering the North Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Sweden

Geographic coordinates

62 00 N, 10 00 E

Area comparative

slightly larger than New Mexico

Border countries

Finland 727 km, Sweden 1,619 km, Russia 196 km

Coastline

25,148 km (includes mainland 2,650 km, as well as long fjords, numerous small islands, and minor indentations 22,498 km; length of island coastlines 58,133 km)

Climate

temperate along coast, modified by North Atlantic Current; colder interior with increased precipitation and colder summers; rainy year-round on west coast

Terrain

glaciated; mostly high plateaus and rugged mountains broken by fertile valleys; small, scattered plains; coastline deeply indented by fjords; arctic tundra in north

Lowest point

Norwegian Sea 0 m

Highest point

Galdhopiggen 2,469 m

Natural resources

petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, titanium, pyrites, nickel, fish, timber, hydropower

Population

4,676,305 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Norwegian 94.4% (includes Sami, about 60,000), other European 3.6%, other 2% (2007 estimate)

Religions

Church of Norway 85.7%, Pentecostal 1%, Roman Catholic 1%, other Christian 2.4%, Muslim 1.8%, other 8.1% (2004)

Languages

Bokmal Norwegian (official), Nynorsk Norwegian (official), small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities; note - Sami is official in six municipalities

Government type

constitutional monarchy

Independence

7 June 1905 (Norway declared the union with Sweden dissolved); 26 October 1905 (Sweden agreed to the repeal of the union)

National holiday

Constitution Day, 17 May (1814)

Chief of state

King HARALD V (since 17 January 1991); Heir Apparent Crown Prince HAAKON MAGNUS, son of the monarch (born 20 July 1973)

Head of government

Prime Minister Jens STOLTENBERG (since 17 October 2005)

Internet country code

.no

Internet users

4.431 million (2009)

Airports

98 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Bergen, Haugesund, Maaloy, Mongstad, Narvik, Sture

Other countries in the region