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Netherlands

Background

Netherlands

The Dutch United Provinces declared their independence from Spain in 1579; during the 17th century, they became a leading seafaring and commercial power, with settlements and colonies around the world. After a 20-year French occupation, a Kingdom of the Netherlands was formed in 1815. In 1830 Belgium seceded and formed a separate kingdom. The Netherlands remained neutral in World War I, but suffered invasion and occupation by Germany in World War II. A modern, industrialized nation, the Netherlands is also a large exporter of agricultural products. The country was a founding member of NATO and the EEC (now the EU), and participated in the introduction of the euro in 1999. In October 2010, the former Netherlands Antilles was dissolved and the three smallest islands - Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba - became special municipalities in the Netherlands administrative structure. The larger islands of Sint Maarten and Curacao joined the Netherlands and Aruba as constituent countries forming the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

About

Holland redirects here. For other places with the same name, see Holland (disambiguation)

The Kingdom of the Netherlands, The Netherlands in short, (Dutch: Nederland, also commonly called Holland in English) is a Benelux country and a founding member of the European Union. The Netherlands border Germany to the east and Belgium to the south. To the west, the country faces the North Sea and the United Kingdom. The people, language, and culture of the Netherlands are referred to as "Dutch".

Read more about Netherlands in our Netherlands travel guide »

Featured journals from

Netherlands

Is the idealism between work and life balance actually exist?

by estyindra

Euro Trip Trilogy - part 1 (Summer 2006), part 2 (Autumn 2012) and part 3 (Spring 2013)

Sep 2012 - Apr 2013  »  Netherlands | Indonesia | Germany | Switzerland | Belgium | Austria

Amsterdam

by tvor

Apr 2010  »  Netherlands

De Vlerk goes Asia!

by nielsvvlerken

In 100 dagen door Thailand, Cambodja, Vietnam, Laos en Myanmar

Sep 2012  »  Netherlands

South-Asia

by sandravdb

An internship in Bangladesh followed by travelling in India

Jan 2014  »  Netherlands

Gibraltar Holidays

by seanmiller

Gibraltar is approximately a 45 minutes drive from the Marbella area and it is well worth a visit

Jul 2010 - Sep 2010  »  Gibraltar | Spain | Netherlands | Germany

Utrecht

by sukanya

the cultural centrum

Jul 2010  »  Netherlands

Nonna and Papa Abroad 2.0

by nonnaandpapa

Nonna and Papa in Africa

Feb 2016  »  Canada | Netherlands | Kenya | Rwanda

Summer 2017

by madjeanne

Headed North to cool down a bit.

Jul 2017 - Sep 2017  »  United States | United Kingdom | Norway | Svalbard and Jan Mayen | Sweden | Estonia | Russia | Finland | Germany | Netherlands | Belgium | Ireland | Iceland | Greenland | Canada

Roel's travel blog

by Fishpants

The life of a normal boy on the adventure of a lifetime.

Nov 2017  »  Netherlands

Featured hotels in

Netherlands

NetherlandsHotel Okura Amsterdam 

Ferdinand Bolstraat 333
Amsterdam 1072 LH
Netherlands

Price (US$): $296 - $592 / night

Check rates »

Location. Hotel Okura Amsterdam is a business friendly hotel located in Amsterdam's Oud Zuid neighborhood, close to Albert Cuyp Market, RAI Exhibition and Congress Centre, and Amstel Business Park. Additional points of interest include Royal Palace and Heineken Experience. Hotel Features. Hotel Okura Amsterdam features a coffee shop/café and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary hot and cold buffet breakfast. Recreational amenities include… more »

NetherlandsAndaz Amsterdam Prinsengracht - a Hyatt Hotel 

Prinsengracht 587
Amsterdam 1016 HT
Netherlands

Price (US$): $397 - $477 / night

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Location. Located in central Amsterdam, Andaz Amsterdam Prinsengracht a Hyatt Hotel is within walking distance of Melkweg and Leidseplein. Nearby points of interest also include Begijnhof and Amsterdam Museum. Hotel Features. Andaz Amsterdam Prinsengracht a Hyatt Hotel's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves full breakfasts each morning in the restaurant (surcharges apply). Guests can enjoy a complimentary reception with… more »

NetherlandsHilton Amsterdam 

Apollolaan 138
Amsterdam 1077 BG
Netherlands

Price (US$): $281 - $530 / night

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Location. Hilton Amsterdam is a business friendly hotel located in Amsterdam's Oud Zuid neighborhood, close to Concertgebouw, Amstel Business Park, and Royal Palace. Additional points of interest include Stedelijk Museum and Van Gogh Museum. Hotel Features. Hilton Amsterdam's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves hot and cold buffet breakfasts each morning in the restaurant (surcharges… more »

NetherlandsNH Barbizon Palace 

Prins Hendrikkade 59-72
Amsterdam 1012 AD
Netherlands

Price (US$): $179 - $356 / night

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Location. Located in central Amsterdam, NH Barbizon Palace is a business friendly hotel within walking distance of St. Nicholas Church, Public Library, and Nieuwmarkt Square. Additional points of interest include Royal Palace and Dam Square. Hotel Features. Dining options at NH Barbizon Palace include 2 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves Hot and cold buffet breakfasts each morning in the breakfast room (surcharges apply).… more »

NetherlandsThe Manhattan Hotel Rotterdam 

Weena 686
Rotterdam 3012 CN
Netherlands

Price (US$): $204 - $449 / night

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Location. Located in central Rotterdam, The Manhattan Hotel Rotterdam is connected to the airport and close to De Doelen, Stadhuis, and Beurs World Trade Center. Other points of interest near this luxury hotel include De Koopgoot and Boijmans Van Beuningen Museum. Hotel Features. The Manhattan Hotel Rotterdam's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves hot and cold buffet breakfasts each morning… more »

Browse more hotels in Netherlands »

Netherlands

Full name
Kingdom of the Netherlands
Capital
Amsterdam
Location

Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany

Geographic coordinates

52 30 N, 5 45 E

Area comparative

slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey

Border countries

Belgium 450 km, Germany 577 km

Coastline

451 km

Climate

temperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters

Terrain

mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills in southeast

Lowest point

Zuidplaspolder -7 m

Highest point

Mount Scenery 862 m (on the island of Saba in the Caribbean, now considered an integral part of the Netherlands following the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles)

Natural resources

natural gas, petroleum, peat, limestone, salt, sand and gravel, arable land

Population

16,783,092 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Dutch 80.7%, EU 5%, Indonesian 2.4%, Turkish 2.2%, Surinamese 2%, Moroccan 2%, Caribbean 0.8%, other 4.8% (2008 est.)

Religions

Roman Catholic 30%, Dutch Reformed 11%, Calvinist 6%, other Protestant 3%, Muslim 5.8%, other 2.2%, none 42% (2006)

Languages

Dutch (official), Frisian (official)

Government type

constitutional monarchy

Independence

23 January 1579 (the northern provinces of the Low Countries conclude the Union of Utrecht breaking with Spain; on 26 July 1581 they formally declared their independence with an Act of Abjuration; however, it was not until 30 January 1648 and the Peace of Westphalia that Spain recognized this independence)

National holiday

Queen's Day (Birthday of deceased Queen-Mother JULIANA and accession to the throne of her oldest daughter BEATRIX), 30 April (1909 and 1980)

Chief of state

Queen BEATRIX (since 30 April 1980); Heir Apparent WILLEM-ALEXANDER (born 27 April 1967), son of the monarch

Head of government

Prime Minister Mark RUTTE (since 14 October 2010); Deputy Prime Minister Maxime VERHAGEN (since 14 October 2010)

Internet country code

.nl

Internet users

14.872 million (2009)

Airports

27 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Amsterdam, IJmuiden, Moerdijk, Rotterdam, Terneuzen, Vlissingen

Other countries in the region