Traveling is almost like talking with men of other centuries.
— René Descartes, 1596 - 1650




In 1951, the Nepalese monarch ended the century-old system of rule by hereditary premiers and instituted a cabinet system of government. Reforms in 1990 established a multiparty democracy within the framework of a constitutional monarchy. An insurgency led by Maoist extremists broke out in 1996. The ensuing ten-year civil war between insurgents and government forces witnessed the dissolution of the cabinet and parliament and assumption of absolute power by the king. Several weeks of mass protests in April 2006 were followed by several months of peace negotiations between the Maoists and government officials, and culminated in a November 2006 peace accord and the promulgation of an interim constitution. Following a nation-wide election in April 2008, the newly formed Constituent Assembly declared Nepal a federal democratic republic and abolished the monarchy at its first meeting the following month. The Constituent Assembly elected the country's first president in July. The Maoists, who received a plurality of votes in the Constituent Assembly election, formed a coalition government in August 2008, but resigned in May 2009 after the president overruled a decision to fire the chief of the army staff. The Communist Party of Nepal-United Marxist-Leninist and the Nepali Congress party then formed a new coalition government with several smaller parties. In June 2010, the prime minister resigned but, as of December 2010, continued to lead a caretaker government while the parties debate who should lead the next government. Disagreements among the political parties over issues such as the future of former Maoist combatants has hindered the drafting of a new constitution


Nepal is a landlocked country in Southern Asia, between the Tibet autonomous region of China and India. It contains eight of the world's 10 highest peaks, including Mount Everest - the world's tallest - on the border with Tibet, and Lumbini, the birth place of Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism. Nepal recently was declared a republic and has abolished the monarchy.

Read more about Nepal in our Nepal travel guide »

A travel warning has been issued for Nepal

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Featured journals from


Nepal 2014

by raineye95

Dec 2013 - May 2014  »  United Kingdom | Nepal

Roaming Without a Home

by hobovoodoo

My Life on My Back, The World at My Feet...

Jan 2014 - Aug 2014  »  China (People's Republic) | Nepal | India | Thailand

Volunteering in Nepal, Kathmandu

by vixxiejane

All a bit overwhelming!

Oct 2010 - Nov 2010  »  Nepal

Everest base camp trekking

by Nepalhimalayastreking

Sep 2015 - Jan 2017  »  Nepal

Everest Base Camp Trekking Tour in Himalayan Region

by nepaltrektours

An Adventure short trek in Mt. Everest

Oct 2008  »  Nepal

Featured hotels in


NepalHyatt Regency Kathmandu 

Taragaon Boudha
Gpo Box 9609
Kathmandu 44601

Price (US$): $214 - $215 / night

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Location. Near the airport, Hyatt Regency Kathmandu is located in Kathmandu's Boudha neighborhood and close to Boudhanath, King's Palace, and Pashupatinath Temple. Additional points of interest include Chabahil and Guhyeshwari Temple. Hotel Features. Dining options at Hyatt Regency Kathmandu include a restaurant and a coffee shop/café. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a children's… more »

NepalAtithi Resort & Spa 

Shanti Patan, Lakeside
Pokhara - 6

Price (US$): $107 - $299 / night

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Location. Located in central Pokhara, Atithi Resort & Spa is near the airport and close to Barahi Temple, Devi's Fall, and World Peace Stupa. Nearby points of interest also include Pokhara International Mountain Museum and Bindhyabasini Temple. Hotel Features. Dining options at Atithi Resort & Spa include a coffee shop/café and a snack bar/deli. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast each morning in the… more »

NepalWaterfront Resort 

Sedi Height, Lakeside

Price (US$): $105 - $106 / night

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Location. Located in central Pokhara, Waterfront Resort is near the airport and close to Barahi Temple, World Peace Stupa, and Bindhyabasini Temple. Nearby points of interest also include Devi's Fall and Pokhara International Mountain Museum. Hotel Features. In addition to 3 restaurants, Waterfront Resort offers a snack bar/deli and a coffee shop/café. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. A complimentary breakfast is served each morning in the… more »

NepalHotel Yak & Yeti 

Durbar Marg

Price (US$): $129 - $150 / night

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Location. Hotel Yak & Yeti is located in Kathmandu's Thamel neighborhood, close to Narayanhiti Palace Museum, Pashupatinath Temple, and Boudhanath. Nearby points of interest also include King's Palace and Garden of Dreams. Hotel Features. Hotel Yak & Yeti features a coffee shop/café and a bar/lounge. Recreational amenities include 2 spa tubs. Also located on site are an outdoor pool, outdoor tennis courts, a health club, a sauna, and a steam room. This 3.5 star property has a business… more »

NepalPokhara Grande 


Location. Pokhara Grande is located in Pokhara, close to Pokhara International Mountain Museum, Devi's Fall, and Barahi Temple. Nearby points of interest also include World Peace Stupa. Hotel Features. Pokhara Grande's restaurant serves lunch and dinner. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a children's pool, a health club, and a steam room. There is a full service health spa on site. This 3.5 star… more »

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Full name
Kingdom of Nepal

Southern Asia, between China and India

Geographic coordinates

28 00 N, 84 00 E

Area comparative

slightly larger than Arkansas

Border countries

China 1,236 km, India 1,690 km


0 km (landlocked)


varies from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winters in south


Tarai or flat river plain of the Ganges in south, central hill region, rugged Himalayas in north

Lowest point

Kanchan Kalan 70 m

Highest point

Mount Everest 8,850 m

Natural resources

quartz, water, timber, hydropower, scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore


28,951,852 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Chhettri 15.5%, Brahman-Hill 12.5%, Magar 7%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.5%, Newar 5.4%, Muslim 4.2%, Kami 3.9%, Yadav 3.9%, other 32.7%, unspecified 2.8% (2001 census)


Hindu 80.6%, Buddhist 10.7%, Muslim 4.2%, Kirant 3.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census)


Nepali (official) 47.8%, Maithali 12.1%, Bhojpuri 7.4%, Tharu (Dagaura/Rana) 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.6%, Magar 3.3%, Awadhi 2.4%, other 10%, unspecified 2.5% (2001 census)

Government type

federal democratic republic


1768 (unified by Prithvi Narayan SHAH)

National holiday

Republic Day, 29 May; Democracy Day, 24 April

Chief of state

President Ram Baran YADAV (since 23 July 2008); Vice President Paramananda JHA (since 23 July 2008)

Head of government

vacant; Prime Minister Madhav Kumar NEPAL resigned on 30 June 2010 but leads a caretaker government

Internet country code


Internet users

577,800 (2009)


47 (2010)

Other countries in the region