One may walk over the highest mountain one step at a time.
— John Wanamaker, 1838 - 1922




In 1951, the Nepalese monarch ended the century-old system of rule by hereditary premiers and instituted a cabinet system of government. Reforms in 1990 established a multiparty democracy within the framework of a constitutional monarchy. An insurgency led by Maoist extremists broke out in 1996. The ensuing ten-year civil war between insurgents and government forces witnessed the dissolution of the cabinet and parliament and assumption of absolute power by the king. Several weeks of mass protests in April 2006 were followed by several months of peace negotiations between the Maoists and government officials, and culminated in a November 2006 peace accord and the promulgation of an interim constitution. Following a nation-wide election in April 2008, the newly formed Constituent Assembly declared Nepal a federal democratic republic and abolished the monarchy at its first meeting the following month. The Constituent Assembly elected the country's first president in July. The Maoists, who received a plurality of votes in the Constituent Assembly election, formed a coalition government in August 2008, but resigned in May 2009 after the president overruled a decision to fire the chief of the army staff. The Communist Party of Nepal-United Marxist-Leninist and the Nepali Congress party then formed a new coalition government with several smaller parties. In June 2010, the prime minister resigned but, as of December 2010, continued to lead a caretaker government while the parties debate who should lead the next government. Disagreements among the political parties over issues such as the future of former Maoist combatants has hindered the drafting of a new constitution


Nepal is a landlocked country in Southern Asia, between the Tibet autonomous region of China and India. It contains eight of the world's 10 highest peaks, including Mount Everest - the world's tallest - on the border with Tibet, and Lumbini, the birth place of Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism. Nepal recently was declared a republic and has abolished the monarchy.

Read more about Nepal in our Nepal travel guide »

A travel warning has been issued for Nepal

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Featured journals from


Nepal 2014

by raineye95

Dec 2013 - May 2014  »  United Kingdom | Nepal

Roaming Without a Home

by hobovoodoo

My Life on My Back, The World at My Feet...

Jan 2014 - Aug 2014  »  China (People's Republic) | Nepal | India | Thailand

Volunteering in Nepal, Kathmandu

by vixxiejane

All a bit overwhelming!

Oct 2010 - Nov 2010  »  Nepal

Everest base camp trekking

by Nepalhimalayastreking

Sep 2015 - Jan 2017  »  Nepal

Everest Base Camp Trekking Tour in Himalayan Region

by nepaltrektours

An Adventure short trek in Mt. Everest

Oct 2008  »  Nepal

Featured hotels in


NepalHyatt Regency Kathmandu 

Taragaon Boudha
Gpo Box 9609
Kathmandu 44601

Price (US$): $214 - $215 / night

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Location. Near the airport, Hyatt Regency Kathmandu is located in Kathmandu's Boudha neighborhood and close to Boudhanath, King's Palace, and Pashupatinath Temple. Additional points of interest include Chabahil and Guhyeshwari Temple. Hotel Features. Dining options at Hyatt Regency Kathmandu include a restaurant and a coffee shop/café. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a children's… more »

NepalHotel Barahi 

Pokhara 6

Price (US$): $180 - $181 / night

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Location. Located in Pokhara, Hotel Barahi is in the mountains and close to Barahi Temple, World Peace Stupa, and Devi's Fall. Nearby points of interest also include Pokhara International Mountain Museum and Bindhyabasini Temple.  more »

NepalAtithi Resort & Spa 

Shanti Patan, Lakeside
Pokhara - 6

Price (US$): $107 - $299 / night

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Location. Located in central Pokhara, Atithi Resort & Spa is near the airport and close to Barahi Temple, Devi's Fall, and World Peace Stupa. Nearby points of interest also include Pokhara International Mountain Museum and Bindhyabasini Temple. Hotel Features. Dining options at Atithi Resort & Spa include a coffee shop/café and a snack bar/deli. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast each morning in the… more »

NepalHotel Rainforest 

Bachhauli -2
Chitwan National Park

Location. Located in Sauraha, Hotel Rainforest is in a national park and local attractions include Chitwan National Park. Regional points of interest also include Harihar Temple. Resort Features. Hotel Rainforest features a restaurant. Additional property amenities include tour/ticket assistance, a garden, and a picnic area. Guestrooms. All guestrooms at Hotel Rainforest feature air conditioning. All accommodations have balconies. Guests may request wake up calls.  more »

NepalCrowne Plaza Hotel Kathmandu-Soaltee 

Tahachal Po Box 97
Kathmandu 44600

Price (US$): $155 - $210 / night

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Location. Crowne Plaza Hotel Kathmandu Soaltee is a business friendly hotel located in Kathmandu, close to Kathmandu Durbar Square, Swayambhunath, and Taleju Temple. Additional points of interest include TU Central Library and Tribhuwan University. Hotel Features. Dining options at Crowne Plaza Hotel Kathmandu Soaltee include 4 restaurants. 2 bars/lounges are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary breakfast. Recreational amenities include… more »

Browse more hotels in Nepal »


Full name
Kingdom of Nepal

Southern Asia, between China and India

Geographic coordinates

28 00 N, 84 00 E

Area comparative

slightly larger than Arkansas

Border countries

China 1,236 km, India 1,690 km


0 km (landlocked)


varies from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winters in south


Tarai or flat river plain of the Ganges in south, central hill region, rugged Himalayas in north

Lowest point

Kanchan Kalan 70 m

Highest point

Mount Everest 8,850 m

Natural resources

quartz, water, timber, hydropower, scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore


28,951,852 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Chhettri 15.5%, Brahman-Hill 12.5%, Magar 7%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.5%, Newar 5.4%, Muslim 4.2%, Kami 3.9%, Yadav 3.9%, other 32.7%, unspecified 2.8% (2001 census)


Hindu 80.6%, Buddhist 10.7%, Muslim 4.2%, Kirant 3.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census)


Nepali (official) 47.8%, Maithali 12.1%, Bhojpuri 7.4%, Tharu (Dagaura/Rana) 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.6%, Magar 3.3%, Awadhi 2.4%, other 10%, unspecified 2.5% (2001 census)

Government type

federal democratic republic


1768 (unified by Prithvi Narayan SHAH)

National holiday

Republic Day, 29 May; Democracy Day, 24 April

Chief of state

President Ram Baran YADAV (since 23 July 2008); Vice President Paramananda JHA (since 23 July 2008)

Head of government

vacant; Prime Minister Madhav Kumar NEPAL resigned on 30 June 2010 but leads a caretaker government

Internet country code


Internet users

577,800 (2009)


47 (2010)

Other countries in the region