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Namibia

Background

Namibia

South Africa occupied the German colony of South-West Africa during World War I and administered it as a mandate until after World War II, when it annexed the territory. In 1966 the Marxist South-West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) guerrilla group launched a war of independence for the area that became Namibia, but it was not until 1988 that South Africa agreed to end its administration in accordance with a UN peace plan for the entire region. Namibia has been governed by SWAPO since the country won independence in 1990. Hifikepunye POHAMBA was elected president in November 2004 in a landslide victory replacing Sam NUJOMA who led the country during its first 14 years of self rule. POHAMBA was reelected in November 2009.

About

Namibia is in Southern Africa, bordering South Africa, Botswana, Angola, Zambia and the Atlantic Ocean. Formerly a colony of Germany, Namibia was administered by South Africa under a League of Nations mandate after WWI, and annexed as a province of South Africa after WWII. The South-West African People's Organization (SWAPO) launched a guerrilla war for independence in 1966, but did not gain independence until 1990.

Namibia boasts remarkable natural attractions such as the Namib desert, the Fish River Canyon Park, Etosha National Park and the Kalahari desert. Its people speak nine different languages, including some of the Khoisan languages which include the 'clicks' that present an enigma to most native English-speakers. Namibia produces some of the world's highest quality diamonds.

Read more about Namibia in our Namibia travel guide »

Featured journals from

Namibia

Featured hotels in

Namibia

NamibiaGocheGanas Private Wildlife Reserve & Spa 

Road B1
GocheGanas Nature Reserve
GocheGanas 9000
Namibia

Price (US$): $565 - $566 / night

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Location. GocheGanas Private Wildlife Reserve & Spa is located in GocheGanas, close to Goche Gans Game Reserve. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, an indoor pool, and a fitness facility. The property's full service health spa has massage/treatment rooms. The hotel serves a complimentary breakfast. Guestrooms. 16 guestrooms at GocheGanas Private Wildlife Reserve & Spa feature CD players. All accommodations have patios.  more »

NamibiaMokuti Etosha Lodge 

Etosha National Park
Tsumeb
Namibia

Price (US$): $293 - $294 / night

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Location. Located in Tsumeb, Mokuti Etosha Lodge is a business friendly hotel in a national park. Hotel Features. Mokuti Etosha Lodge features 2 bars/lounges and a poolside bar. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a children's pool, outdoor tennis courts, a fitness facility, and a steam room. The property's full service health spa has massage/treatment rooms. This 5 star property has a business center. Complimentary wireless Internet access is available in public areas and the… more »

NamibiaHilton Windhoek 

Rev. Michael Scott St.
Windhoek
Namibia

Price (US$): $167 - $575 / night

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Location. Hilton Windhoek is a business friendly hotel located in central Windhoek, close to Alte Feste, Tintenpalast, and Christ Church. Additional points of interest include Zoo Park and National Gallery of Namibia. Hotel Features. In addition to 3 restaurants, Hilton Windhoek offers 2 coffee shops/caf├ęs and a snack bar/deli. 2 bars/lounges and a poolside bar are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves full breakfasts each morning in the restaurant… more »

NamibiaTwyfelfontein Country Lodge 

North on D3214
Damaraland
Khorixas
Namibia

Price (US$): $225 - $226 / night

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Location. Located in Khorixas, Twyfelfontein Country Lodge is in the historical district and close to Twyfelfontein. Property Features. Twyfelfontein Country Lodge features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool and complimentary bicycles. Guest parking is complimentary. A total renovation of this property was completed in October 2011. Guestrooms. 56 guestrooms at Twyfelfontein Country Lodge feature ceiling fans and welcome amenities. Rooms are all… more »

NamibiaProtea Hotel Burning Shore 

152 4th Street
Long Beach
Walvis Bay
Namibia

Price (US$): $182 - $205 / night

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Location. Protea Hotel Burning Shore is located on the beach in Walvis Bay's Long Beach neighborhood and attractions in the region include Pelican Point Lighthouse, National Marine Aquarium, and Alte Kaserne. Regional points of interest also include Hohenzollernhaus and German Evangelical Lutheran Church. Hotel Features. This 4 star property offers a meeting/conference room, secretarial services, and limo/town car service. Wireless Internet access (surcharge) is available in public areas.… more »

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Namibia

Full name
Republic of Namibia
Capital
Windhoek
Location

Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and South Africa

Geographic coordinates

22 00 S, 17 00 E

Area comparative

slightly more than half the size of Alaska

Border countries

Angola 1,376 km, Botswana 1,360 km, South Africa 967 km, Zambia 233 km

Coastline

1,572 km

Climate

desert; hot, dry; rainfall sparse and erratic

Terrain

mostly high plateau; Namib Desert along coast; Kalahari Desert in east

Lowest point

Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Konigstein 2,606 m

Natural resources

diamonds, copper, uranium, gold, silver, lead, tin, lithium, cadmium, tungsten, zinc, salt, hydropower, fish

Population

2,128,471

Ethnic groups

black 87.5%, white 6%, mixed 6.5%

Religions

Christian 80% to 90% (Lutheran 50% at least), indigenous beliefs 10% to 20%

Languages

English 7% (official), Afrikaans common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population, German 32%, indigenous languages 1% (includes Oshivambo, Herero, Nama)

Government type

republic

Independence

21 March 1990 (from South African mandate)

National holiday

Independence Day, 21 March (1990)

Chief of state

President Hifikepunye POHAMBA (since 21 March 2005)

Head of government

Prime Minister Nahas ANGULA (since 21 March 2005)

Internet country code

.na

Internet users

127,500 (2009)

Airports

129 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Luderitz, Walvis Bay

Other countries in the region