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Austria

Background

Austria

Once the center of power for the large Austro-Hungarian Empire, Austria was reduced to a small republic after its defeat in World War I. Following annexation by Nazi Germany in 1938 and subsequent occupation by the victorious Allies in 1945, Austria's status remained unclear for a decade. A State Treaty signed in 1955 ended the occupation, recognized Austria's independence, and forbade unification with Germany. A constitutional law that same year declared the country's "perpetual neutrality" as a condition for Soviet military withdrawal. The Soviet Union's collapse in 1991 and Austria's entry into the European Union in 1995 have altered the meaning of this neutrality. A prosperous, democratic country, Austria entered the EU Economic and Monetary Union in 1999.

About

Austria (German: Österreich, literally "the Eastern Realm" or "Eastern Empire") is a land-locked alpine German speaking country in Central Europe bordering Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west, Germany and Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east and Slovenia and Italy to the south. Austria, along with neighboring Switzerland, is the winter sports capital of Europe. However, it is just as popular for summer tourists who visit its historic cities and villages and hike in the magnificent scenery of the Alps.

Read more about Austria in our Austria travel guide »

Featured journals from

Austria

Is the idealism between work and life balance actually exist?

by estyindra

Euro Trip Trilogy - part 1 (Summer 2006), part 2 (Autumn 2012) and part 3 (Spring 2013)

Sep 2012 - Apr 2013  »  Netherlands | Indonesia | Germany | Switzerland | Belgium | Austria

Alberto's Holiday Diary: Bavaria (Bayern)

by albertoalbavaliente

This is my first trip to another country. I want to share my experience with you. I hope you like it.

Jun 2013 - Jul 2013  »  Germany | Spain | Austria

Featured hotels in

Austria

AustriaHilton Vienna am Stadtpark 

Am Stadtpark 1
Vienna 1030
Austria

Price (US$): $180 - $967 / night

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Location. Located in central Vienna, Hilton Vienna am Stadtpark is near the airport and within walking distance of MAK and Viennese City Park. Additional points of interest include Schwedenplatz and Austrian National Library. Hotel Features. Hilton Vienna am Stadtpark features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves breakfast each morning (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities include a health club and a sauna. This 5 star property has a… more »

AustriaRomantik Hotel Gmachl 

Dorfstrasse 14
Elixhausen 5161
Austria

Price (US$): $234 - $369 / night

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Location. Located in Elixhausen, Romantik Hotel Gmachl is in the suburbs with local attractions including Salzburgarena, Mirabell Palace, and Museum Carolino Augusteum. Additional area points of interest include Mozart's Birthplace and Salzburg Cathedral. Hotel Features. Romantik Hotel Gmachl features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Room service is available. The hotel serves a complimentary hot and cold buffet breakfast. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, an indoor pool, a sauna… more »

AustriaSofitel Vienna Stephansdom 

Praterstrasse 1
Vienna 1020
Austria

Price (US$): $370 - $599 / night

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Location. Sofitel Vienna Stephansdom is a business friendly hotel located in Vienna's Leopoldstadt neighborhood, close to Schwedenplatz, Judenplatz, and Austrian National Library. Additional points of interest include Austrian Parliament Building and Vienna City Hall. Hotel Features. Sofitel Vienna Stephansdom features a coffee shop/cafĂ© and a bar/lounge. The hotel serves breakfast each morning in the restaurant (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities include a health club and a steam… more »

AustriaSeepark Hotel - Congress & Spa 

Universitatsstrasse 104
Klagenfurt am Woerthersee 9020
Austria

Price (US$): $173 - $700 / night

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Location. Located in Klagenfurt am Woerthersee, Seepark Hotel Congress & Spa is near the airport and close to University of Klagenfurt, Landhaus, and Minimundus. Additional points of interest include Botanical Garden and Neuer Platz. Hotel Features. Seepark Hotel Congress & Spa's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning in the breakfast area (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities include an… more »

AustriaHotel de France 

Schottenring 3
Vienna 1010
Austria

Price (US$): $214 - $215 / night

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Location. Located in Vienna, Hotel de France is in the historical district and close to Schottenkirche, Burgtheater, and Vienna City Hall. Nearby points of interest also include Austrian Parliament Building and Spanish Riding School. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include a fitness facility. This 5 star property offers a meeting/conference room and audiovisual equipment. Complimentary wireless Internet access is available in public areas. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service… more »

Browse more hotels in Austria »

Austria

Full name
Republic of Austria
Capital
Vienna
Location

Central Europe, north of Italy and Slovenia

Geographic coordinates

47 20 N, 13 20 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than Maine

Border countries

Czech Republic 362 km, Germany 784 km, Hungary 366 km, Italy 430 km, Liechtenstein 35 km, Slovakia 91 km, Slovenia 330 km, Switzerland 164 km

Coastline

0 km (landlocked)

Climate

temperate; continental, cloudy; cold winters with frequent rain and some snow in lowlands and snow in mountains; moderate summers with occasional showers

Terrain

in the west and south mostly mountains (Alps); along the eastern and northern margins mostly flat or gently sloping

Lowest point

Neusiedler See 115 m

Highest point

Grossglockner 3,798 m

Natural resources

oil, coal, lignite, timber, iron ore, copper, zinc, antimony, magnesite, tungsten, graphite, salt, hydropower

Population

8,214,160 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Austrians 91.1%, former Yugoslavs 4% (includes Croatians, Slovenes, Serbs, and Bosniaks), Turks 1.6%, German 0.9%, other or unspecified 2.4% (2001 census)

Religions

Roman Catholic 73.6%, Protestant 4.7%, Muslim 4.2%, other 3.5%, unspecified 2%, none 12% (2001 census)

Languages

German (official nationwide) 88.6%, Turkish 2.3%, Serbian 2.2%, Croatian (official in Burgenland) 1.6%, other (includes Slovene, official in Carinthia, and Hungarian, official in Burgenland) 5.3% (2001 census)

Government type

federal republic

Independence

12 November 1918 (republic proclaimed); notable earlier dates 976 (Margravate of Austria established); 17 September 1156 (Duchy of Austria founded); 11 August 1804 (Austrian Empire proclaimed)

National holiday

National Day, 26 October (1955); note - commemorates the passage of the law on permanent neutrality

Chief of state

President Heinz FISCHER (SPOe) (since 8 July 2004)

Head of government

Chancellor Werner FAYMANN (SPOe) (since 2 December 2008); Vice Chancellor Josef PROELL (OeVP) (since 2 December 2008)

Internet country code

.at

Internet users

6.143 million (2009)

Airports

55 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Enns, Krems, Linz, Vienna

Other countries in the region