Our Nature lies in movement; complete calm is death.
— Blaise Pascal, 1623 - 1662




Once the center of power for the large Austro-Hungarian Empire, Austria was reduced to a small republic after its defeat in World War I. Following annexation by Nazi Germany in 1938 and subsequent occupation by the victorious Allies in 1945, Austria's status remained unclear for a decade. A State Treaty signed in 1955 ended the occupation, recognized Austria's independence, and forbade unification with Germany. A constitutional law that same year declared the country's "perpetual neutrality" as a condition for Soviet military withdrawal. The Soviet Union's collapse in 1991 and Austria's entry into the European Union in 1995 have altered the meaning of this neutrality. A prosperous, democratic country, Austria entered the EU Economic and Monetary Union in 1999.


Austria (German: Österreich, literally "the Eastern Realm" or "Eastern Empire") is a land-locked alpine German speaking country in Central Europe bordering Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west, Germany and Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east and Slovenia and Italy to the south. Austria, along with neighboring Switzerland, is the winter sports capital of Europe. However, it is just as popular for summer tourists who visit its historic cities and villages and hike in the magnificent scenery of the Alps.

Read more about Austria in our Austria travel guide »

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Featured hotels in


AustriaGrand Hotel Wien 

Kaerntner Ring 9
Vienna A-1010

Price (US$): $292 - $635 / night

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Location. Located in central Vienna, Grand Hotel Wien is a business friendly hotel within walking distance of Ringstrassen Galerien, Karlsplatz, and Vienna State Opera. Additional points of interest include Austrian National Library and ORF Centre Vienna. Hotel Features. In addition to 4 restaurants, Grand Hotel Wien offers a coffee shop/café and a grocery. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include a health club. This 5 star… more »

AustriaSofitel Vienna Stephansdom 

Praterstrasse 1
Vienna 1020

Price (US$): $370 - $599 / night

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Location. Sofitel Vienna Stephansdom is a business friendly hotel located in Vienna's Leopoldstadt neighborhood, close to Schwedenplatz, Judenplatz, and Austrian National Library. Additional points of interest include Austrian Parliament Building and Vienna City Hall. Hotel Features. Sofitel Vienna Stephansdom features a coffee shop/café and a bar/lounge. The hotel serves breakfast each morning in the restaurant (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities include a health club and a steam… more »


Eichenheim 8-9
Kitzbuhel 6370

Price (US$): $518 - $1460 / night

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On the edge of the legendary sports city of Kitzbuhel in the Tyrol Surrounded by sensational alpine scenery in the middle of the Eichenheim golf course, Grand Tirolia Kitzbuhel is a beautiful year round resort. With the choice of golf, tennis, cycling or winter skiing, the hotel is a haven of sharp design and homely comfort with an indoor and outdoor pool, an indulgent spa, fitness room and a magnificent choice of fine dining options. Grand Tirolia Kitzbuhel is a Small Luxury Hotels of the… more »

AustriaRomantikhotel Seefischer am See 

Fischerweg 1
Radenthein 9873

Price (US$): $205 - $240 / night

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Location. Romantikhotel Seefischer am See is located in Radenthein's Doebriach neighborhood and local attractions include Millstatt Abbey. Regional points of interest also include Schloss Porcia and Sendeturm Dobratsch. Hotel Features. Romantikhotel Seefischer am See features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Room service is available. The hotel serves a complimentary breakfast. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, an indoor pool, a health club, a spa tub, and a sauna. The property's… more »

AustriaSeepark Hotel - Congress & Spa 

Universitatsstrasse 104
Klagenfurt am Woerthersee 9020

Price (US$): $173 - $700 / night

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Location. Located in Klagenfurt am Woerthersee, Seepark Hotel Congress & Spa is near the airport and close to University of Klagenfurt, Landhaus, and Minimundus. Additional points of interest include Botanical Garden and Neuer Platz. Hotel Features. Seepark Hotel Congress & Spa's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning in the breakfast area (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities include an… more »

Browse more hotels in Austria »


Full name
Republic of Austria

Central Europe, north of Italy and Slovenia

Geographic coordinates

47 20 N, 13 20 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than Maine

Border countries

Czech Republic 362 km, Germany 784 km, Hungary 366 km, Italy 430 km, Liechtenstein 35 km, Slovakia 91 km, Slovenia 330 km, Switzerland 164 km


0 km (landlocked)


temperate; continental, cloudy; cold winters with frequent rain and some snow in lowlands and snow in mountains; moderate summers with occasional showers


in the west and south mostly mountains (Alps); along the eastern and northern margins mostly flat or gently sloping

Lowest point

Neusiedler See 115 m

Highest point

Grossglockner 3,798 m

Natural resources

oil, coal, lignite, timber, iron ore, copper, zinc, antimony, magnesite, tungsten, graphite, salt, hydropower


8,214,160 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Austrians 91.1%, former Yugoslavs 4% (includes Croatians, Slovenes, Serbs, and Bosniaks), Turks 1.6%, German 0.9%, other or unspecified 2.4% (2001 census)


Roman Catholic 73.6%, Protestant 4.7%, Muslim 4.2%, other 3.5%, unspecified 2%, none 12% (2001 census)


German (official nationwide) 88.6%, Turkish 2.3%, Serbian 2.2%, Croatian (official in Burgenland) 1.6%, other (includes Slovene, official in Carinthia, and Hungarian, official in Burgenland) 5.3% (2001 census)

Government type

federal republic


12 November 1918 (republic proclaimed); notable earlier dates 976 (Margravate of Austria established); 17 September 1156 (Duchy of Austria founded); 11 August 1804 (Austrian Empire proclaimed)

National holiday

National Day, 26 October (1955); note - commemorates the passage of the law on permanent neutrality

Chief of state

President Heinz FISCHER (SPOe) (since 8 July 2004)

Head of government

Chancellor Werner FAYMANN (SPOe) (since 2 December 2008); Vice Chancellor Josef PROELL (OeVP) (since 2 December 2008)

Internet country code


Internet users

6.143 million (2009)


55 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Enns, Krems, Linz, Vienna

Other countries in the region