Two roads diverged in a wood and I - I took the one less traveled by.
— Robert Frost, 1874 - 1963




Once the center of power for the large Austro-Hungarian Empire, Austria was reduced to a small republic after its defeat in World War I. Following annexation by Nazi Germany in 1938 and subsequent occupation by the victorious Allies in 1945, Austria's status remained unclear for a decade. A State Treaty signed in 1955 ended the occupation, recognized Austria's independence, and forbade unification with Germany. A constitutional law that same year declared the country's "perpetual neutrality" as a condition for Soviet military withdrawal. The Soviet Union's collapse in 1991 and Austria's entry into the European Union in 1995 have altered the meaning of this neutrality. A prosperous, democratic country, Austria entered the EU Economic and Monetary Union in 1999.


Austria (German: Österreich, literally "the Eastern Realm" or "Eastern Empire") is a land-locked alpine German speaking country in Central Europe bordering Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west, Germany and Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east and Slovenia and Italy to the south. Austria, along with neighboring Switzerland, is the winter sports capital of Europe. However, it is just as popular for summer tourists who visit its historic cities and villages and hike in the magnificent scenery of the Alps.

Read more about Austria in our Austria travel guide »

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Featured hotels in


AustriaSchloss Moenchstein Hotel 

Moenchsberg Park 26
Salzburg 5020

Price (US$): $520 - $960 / night

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Location. Located in central Salzburg, Schloss Moenchstein Hotel is within walking distance of Museum Carolino Augusteum and Mirabell Palace. Nearby points of interest also include Mozart's Birthplace and St. Francis Church. Hotel Features. Schloss Moenchstein Hotel's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include a health club, a spa tub, a sauna, and a steam room. The property's full… more »

AustriaThe Ritz-Carlton, Vienna 

Schubertring 5-7
Vienna 1010

Price (US$): $397 - $1184 / night

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Location. Located in central Vienna, The Ritz Carlton, Vienna is a business friendly hotel within walking distance of House of Music Museum and Viennese City Park. Additional points of interest include Austrian National Library and ORF Centre Vienna. Hotel Features. The Ritz Carlton, Vienna features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a health club, and a sauna. This 5 star property has a 24 hour business… more »

AustriaHotel de France 

Schottenring 3
Vienna 1010

Price (US$): $214 - $215 / night

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Location. Located in Vienna, Hotel de France is in the historical district and close to Schottenkirche, Burgtheater, and Vienna City Hall. Nearby points of interest also include Austrian Parliament Building and Spanish Riding School. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include a fitness facility. This 5 star property offers a meeting/conference room and audiovisual equipment. Complimentary wireless Internet access is available in public areas. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service… more »

AustriaHotel Klosterbraeu 

Klosterstrasse 30
Seefeld in Tirol 6100

Price (US$): $658 - $659 / night

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Location. Hotel Klosterbraeu is a business friendly hotel located in Seefeld in Tirol, close to Seekirch, Olympia Sport and Congress Centre, and Seefeld Golf Academy Golf Club. Additional points of interest include Seefeld Wildmoos Golf Course and Reither Spitze. Hotel Features. Dining options at Hotel Klosterbraeu include 3 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary breakfast. Recreational amenities include an… more »

AustriaHagleitner Family Relax Hotel 

Kirchenweg 11
Zell Am See 5700

Price (US$): $391 - $514 / night

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Location. Hagleitner Family Relax Hotel is located near the beach in Zell am See and close to Areitbahn and Zeller See. Additional area points of interest include Schmittenhoehe and Kaprun Ski Resort. Hotel Features. Dining options at Hagleitner Family Relax Hotel include a restaurant, a coffee shop/cafĂ©, and a snack bar/deli. A beach bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary hot and cold buffet breakfast each… more »

Browse more hotels in Austria »


Full name
Republic of Austria

Central Europe, north of Italy and Slovenia

Geographic coordinates

47 20 N, 13 20 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than Maine

Border countries

Czech Republic 362 km, Germany 784 km, Hungary 366 km, Italy 430 km, Liechtenstein 35 km, Slovakia 91 km, Slovenia 330 km, Switzerland 164 km


0 km (landlocked)


temperate; continental, cloudy; cold winters with frequent rain and some snow in lowlands and snow in mountains; moderate summers with occasional showers


in the west and south mostly mountains (Alps); along the eastern and northern margins mostly flat or gently sloping

Lowest point

Neusiedler See 115 m

Highest point

Grossglockner 3,798 m

Natural resources

oil, coal, lignite, timber, iron ore, copper, zinc, antimony, magnesite, tungsten, graphite, salt, hydropower


8,214,160 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Austrians 91.1%, former Yugoslavs 4% (includes Croatians, Slovenes, Serbs, and Bosniaks), Turks 1.6%, German 0.9%, other or unspecified 2.4% (2001 census)


Roman Catholic 73.6%, Protestant 4.7%, Muslim 4.2%, other 3.5%, unspecified 2%, none 12% (2001 census)


German (official nationwide) 88.6%, Turkish 2.3%, Serbian 2.2%, Croatian (official in Burgenland) 1.6%, other (includes Slovene, official in Carinthia, and Hungarian, official in Burgenland) 5.3% (2001 census)

Government type

federal republic


12 November 1918 (republic proclaimed); notable earlier dates 976 (Margravate of Austria established); 17 September 1156 (Duchy of Austria founded); 11 August 1804 (Austrian Empire proclaimed)

National holiday

National Day, 26 October (1955); note - commemorates the passage of the law on permanent neutrality

Chief of state

President Heinz FISCHER (SPOe) (since 8 July 2004)

Head of government

Chancellor Werner FAYMANN (SPOe) (since 2 December 2008); Vice Chancellor Josef PROELL (OeVP) (since 2 December 2008)

Internet country code


Internet users

6.143 million (2009)


55 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Enns, Krems, Linz, Vienna

Other countries in the region