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Austria

Background

Austria

Once the center of power for the large Austro-Hungarian Empire, Austria was reduced to a small republic after its defeat in World War I. Following annexation by Nazi Germany in 1938 and subsequent occupation by the victorious Allies in 1945, Austria's status remained unclear for a decade. A State Treaty signed in 1955 ended the occupation, recognized Austria's independence, and forbade unification with Germany. A constitutional law that same year declared the country's "perpetual neutrality" as a condition for Soviet military withdrawal. The Soviet Union's collapse in 1991 and Austria's entry into the European Union in 1995 have altered the meaning of this neutrality. A prosperous, democratic country, Austria entered the EU Economic and Monetary Union in 1999.

About

Austria (German: Österreich, literally "the Eastern Realm" or "Eastern Empire") is a land-locked alpine German speaking country in Central Europe bordering Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west, Germany and Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east and Slovenia and Italy to the south. Austria, along with neighboring Switzerland, is the winter sports capital of Europe. However, it is just as popular for summer tourists who visit its historic cities and villages and hike in the magnificent scenery of the Alps.

Read more about Austria in our Austria travel guide »

Featured journals from

Austria

Is the idealism between work and life balance actually exist?

by estyindra

Euro Trip Trilogy - part 1 (Summer 2006), part 2 (Autumn 2012) and part 3 (Spring 2013)

Sep 2012 - Apr 2013  »  Netherlands | Indonesia | Germany | Switzerland | Belgium | Austria

Alberto's Holiday Diary: Bavaria (Bayern)

by albertoalbavaliente

This is my first trip to another country. I want to share my experience with you. I hope you like it.

Jun 2013 - Jul 2013  »  Germany | Spain | Austria

Featured hotels in

Austria

AustriaInterContinental Vienna 

Johannesgasse 28
Vienna 1037
Austria

Price (US$): $240 - $712 / night

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Location. InterContinental Vienna is a business friendly hotel located in Vienna's Landstrasse neighborhood, close to Viennese City Park, ORF Centre Vienna, and Austrian National Library. Additional points of interest include Karlsplatz and Austrian Parliament Building. Hotel Features. InterContinental Vienna features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Room service is available. Recreational amenities include a sauna, a fitness facility, and a steam room. This 4.5 star property has a business… more »

AustriaWarmbaderhof 

Kadischenallee 22-24
Villach 9504
Austria

Price (US$): $286 - $381 / night

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Location. Warmbaderhof is located in Villach, close to Schillerpark, Hauptplatz, and Congress Center Villach. Nearby points of interest also include Fahrzeugmuseum. Hotel Features. Dining options at Warmbaderhof include a restaurant and a coffee shop/café. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. The hotel serves a complimentary breakfast. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, an indoor pool, a health club, a sauna, and a steam room. Spa… more »

AustriaHotel Sacher Wien 

Philharmonikerstrasse 4
Vienna 1010
Austria

Price (US$): $489 - $991 / night

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Location. Hotel Sacher Wien is a business friendly hotel located in Vienna, close to Vienna State Opera, Austrian National Library, and Austrian Parliament Building. Additional points of interest include Karlsplatz and Michaelerplatz. Hotel Features. Dining options at Hotel Sacher Wien include a restaurant and a coffee shop/café. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include a health club, a sauna, and a steam room. The property's… more »

AustriaTravel Charme Ifen Hotel 

Oberseitestrasse 6
Hirschegg
Mittelberg 6992
Austria

Price (US$): $279 - $656 / night

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Location. Travel Charme Ifen Hotel is located in Mittelberg's Hirschegg neighborhood and local attractions include Breitach Gorge. Regional points of interest also include Oberstdorf Ski Resort and Schattenberg Ski Jump. Hotel Features. Dining options at Travel Charme Ifen Hotel include 2 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast. There is a full service health spa on site. Complimentary wireless and wired high speed Internet access is… more »

AustriaSchloss Moenchstein Hotel 

Moenchsberg Park 26
Salzburg 5020
Austria

Price (US$): $520 - $960 / night

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Location. Located in central Salzburg, Schloss Moenchstein Hotel is within walking distance of Museum Carolino Augusteum and Mirabell Palace. Nearby points of interest also include Mozart's Birthplace and St. Francis Church. Hotel Features. Schloss Moenchstein Hotel's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include a health club, a spa tub, a sauna, and a steam room. The property's full… more »

Browse more hotels in Austria »

Austria

Full name
Republic of Austria
Capital
Vienna
Location

Central Europe, north of Italy and Slovenia

Geographic coordinates

47 20 N, 13 20 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than Maine

Border countries

Czech Republic 362 km, Germany 784 km, Hungary 366 km, Italy 430 km, Liechtenstein 35 km, Slovakia 91 km, Slovenia 330 km, Switzerland 164 km

Coastline

0 km (landlocked)

Climate

temperate; continental, cloudy; cold winters with frequent rain and some snow in lowlands and snow in mountains; moderate summers with occasional showers

Terrain

in the west and south mostly mountains (Alps); along the eastern and northern margins mostly flat or gently sloping

Lowest point

Neusiedler See 115 m

Highest point

Grossglockner 3,798 m

Natural resources

oil, coal, lignite, timber, iron ore, copper, zinc, antimony, magnesite, tungsten, graphite, salt, hydropower

Population

8,214,160 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Austrians 91.1%, former Yugoslavs 4% (includes Croatians, Slovenes, Serbs, and Bosniaks), Turks 1.6%, German 0.9%, other or unspecified 2.4% (2001 census)

Religions

Roman Catholic 73.6%, Protestant 4.7%, Muslim 4.2%, other 3.5%, unspecified 2%, none 12% (2001 census)

Languages

German (official nationwide) 88.6%, Turkish 2.3%, Serbian 2.2%, Croatian (official in Burgenland) 1.6%, other (includes Slovene, official in Carinthia, and Hungarian, official in Burgenland) 5.3% (2001 census)

Government type

federal republic

Independence

12 November 1918 (republic proclaimed); notable earlier dates 976 (Margravate of Austria established); 17 September 1156 (Duchy of Austria founded); 11 August 1804 (Austrian Empire proclaimed)

National holiday

National Day, 26 October (1955); note - commemorates the passage of the law on permanent neutrality

Chief of state

President Heinz FISCHER (SPOe) (since 8 July 2004)

Head of government

Chancellor Werner FAYMANN (SPOe) (since 2 December 2008); Vice Chancellor Josef PROELL (OeVP) (since 2 December 2008)

Internet country code

.at

Internet users

6.143 million (2009)

Airports

55 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Enns, Krems, Linz, Vienna

Other countries in the region