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Morocco

Background

Morocco

In 788, about a century after the Arab conquest of North Africa, successive Moorish dynasties began to rule in Morocco. In the 16th century, the Sa'adi monarchy, particularly under Ahmad AL-MANSUR (1578-1603), repelled foreign invaders and inaugurated a golden age. The Alaouite dynasty, to which the current Moroccan royal family belongs, established a sultanate in Morocco beginning in the 17th century. In 1860, Spain occupied northern Morocco and ushered in a half century of trade rivalry among European powers that saw Morocco's sovereignty steadily erode; in 1912, the French imposed a protectorate over the country. A protracted independence struggle with France ended successfully in 1956. The internationalized city of Tangier and most Spanish possessions were turned over to the new country that same year. Sultan MOHAMMED V, the current monarch's grandfather, organized the new state as a constitutional monarchy and in 1957 assumed the title of King. Morocco annexed Western Sahara during the late 1970s, but final resolution on the status of the territory remains unresolved. Gradual political reforms in the 1990s resulted in the establishment of a bicameral legislature, which first met in 1997. Under King MOHAMMED VI - who in 1999 succeeded his father to the throne - human rights have improved. Morocco enjoys a moderately free press, but the government occasionally takes action against journalists who report on three broad subjects considered to be taboo the monarchy, Islam, and the status of Western Sahara. Despite the continuing reforms, ultimate authority remains in the hands of the monarch.

About

Morocco (المغرب al-Maghreb) is a North African country that has a coastline on both the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. It has borders with Western Sahara to the south, Algeria to the east and the Spanish North African territories of Ceuta and Melilla on the Mediterranean coast in the north. It is just across the Strait of Gibraltar from Gibraltar.

Read more about Morocco in our Morocco travel guide »

Featured journals from

Morocco

A Sea of Sand

by zohar

Sahara, Morocco

Apr 2010  »  Morocco

Long Nile cruise from Cairo to Aswan

by egypttravelexpert

Discover all Egypt through Long Nile Cruise Holiday from Cairo to Aswan. 600 Miles from Cairo to Aswan along the Nile following the footsteps of the Pharaohs. In an unforgettable journey through the Nile to discover the wonders of ancient Egypt. http://www.lookategypttours.com/travel/long-nile-cruise-holiday-from-cairo-to-aswan/

Dec 2016 - Dec 2017  »  Egypt | United States | Morocco

Morocco Travel Marrakech Camel Trekking Fes Camel Treking , 8 Day Tours morocco

by sahara

Your Best Online Guide To Morocco Morocco is a country rich in history, culture and scenery with many areas of outstanding natural beauty, until recently unknown except to a few foreigners'. It is a country of 'Hospitality'. Sahara Magic offers custom and packaged tours of Morocco to individuals and groups. Sahara Magic can arrange bespoke tours, national cuisine tours, camel tours, combined tours, historical, cultural, nature ... You can specify requirement, dates and standard of accommodation. Sahara Magic provides wide range of tours, and have been designed for you according to the period of your stay-one day tours , 3 day , 5 day, 7 day, 8day or more day.... We organize bivouacs into the desert, and we accompany you in an unforgettable safari on the sahara. Camel Trekking -bivouac- Erg chebbi sand dunes - South Morocco the Nomades" invites you to discover the magic of the Berber country and to see the desert through a window of authenticity. A trip like nothing else you have experienced! We organize excursions to Morocco and to the Sahara and if you prefer you can personalize your itinerary. We offer nomad tents and private bivouac in our own oasis inside the dunes of Erg Chebbi Merzouga. Hassan can also help you plan your trip to Morocco. With many years of experience, he can help arrange transport, accommodation or whatever else you might need while in Morocco. Hassan speaks English and italian , spanish and franch and berbere ,Arabic. http://www.sahara-magic.com

Oct 2010  »  Morocco

Atlas and Sahara Tours

by atlasandsaharatours

Sahara Tours

Aug 2017  »  Morocco

Featured hotels in

Morocco

MoroccoPalmeraie Golf Palace & Spa 

Circuit de La Palmeraie
Marrakech 40000
Morocco

Price (US$): $170 - $258 / night

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Location. Near the airport, Palmeraie Golf Palace & Spa is located in Marrakech's Palm Groves neighborhood and close to Marjane Hypermarket. Other area points of interest include Djemaa el Fna and Palais des Congres. Hotel Features. In addition to 10 restaurants, Palmeraie Golf Palace & Spa offers a snack bar/deli and a coffee shop/café. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning (surcharges… more »

MoroccoPullman Marrakech Palmeraie Resort and Spa 

Km 6 Route de Fes
BP 658 Gueliz
Marrakech 40000
Morocco

Price (US$): $118 - $263 / night

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Location. Pullman Marrakech Palmeraie Resort and Spa is a business friendly hotel located in Marrakech's Palm Groves neighborhood and local attractions include Bab Debbagh, Djemaa el Fna, and Palais des Congres. Other area points of interest include Marrakesh Museum and Ben Youssef Mosque. Hotel Features. Pullman Marrakech Palmeraie Resort and Spa features a coffee shop/café. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves continental breakfasts each morning in the restaurant… more »

MoroccoLe Medina Essaouira Hotel Thalassa - MGallery Collection 

Avenue Mohamed V
Essaouira 44000
Morocco

Price (US$): $117 - $356 / night

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Location. Le Medina Essaouira Hotel Thalassa MGallery Collection is located on the beach in Essaouira, close to Essaouira Beach, Place Moulay el Hassan, and Skala du Port. Other points of interest near this luxury hotel include Mohammed Ben Abdallah Museum and Skala de la Ville. Hotel Features. Dining options at Le Medina Essaouira Hotel Thalassa MGallery Collection include a coffee shop/café and a snack bar/deli. A beach bar, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room… more »

MoroccoHusa Casablanca Plaza 

Rond - Point Hassan II
Casablanca 20070
Morocco

Price (US$): $165 - $265 / night

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Location. Husa Casablanca Plaza is a business friendly hotel located in central Casablanca, close to Parc de la Ligue Arabe, Place Mohammed V, and Hassan II Mosque. Additional points of interest include Casablanca Twin Center and Cathedrale Sacre Coeur. Hotel Features. In addition to 3 restaurants, Husa Casablanca Plaza offers a snack bar/deli and a coffee shop/café. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning in… more »

MoroccoPalais Sheherazade 

23 Arsat Beniss Douh Medina
Fes 30200
Morocco

Price (US$): $146 - $611 / night

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Location. Palais Sheherazade is located in Fes, close to Der Batha Museum, Medersa Bou Inania, and University of Al Karaouine. Nearby points of interest also include Tombs of the Merenides and Blue Gate. Property Features. Palais Sheherazade's restaurant serves breakfast and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The riad serves a complimentary breakfast. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a sauna, and a steam room. This 5 star… more »

Browse more hotels in Morocco »

Morocco

Full name
Kingdom of Morocco
Capital
Rabat
Location

Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Western Sahara

Geographic coordinates

32 00 N, 5 00 W

Area comparative

slightly larger than California

Border countries

Algeria 1,559 km, Western Sahara 443 km, Spain (Ceuta) 6.3 km, Spain (Melilla) 9.6 km

Coastline

1,835 km

Climate

Mediterranean, becoming more extreme in the interior

Terrain

northern coast and interior are mountainous with large areas of bordering plateaus, intermontane valleys, and rich coastal plains

Lowest point

Sebkha Tah -55 m

Highest point

Jebel Toubkal 4,165 m

Natural resources

phosphates, iron ore, manganese, lead, zinc, fish, salt

Population

31,627,428 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Arab-Berber 99.1%, other 0.7%, Jewish 0.2%

Religions

Muslim 98.7%, Christian 1.1%, Jewish 0.2%

Languages

Arabic (official), Berber dialects, French often the language of business, government, and diplomacy

Government type

constitutional monarchy

Independence

2 March 1956 (from France)

National holiday

Throne Day (accession of King MOHAMMED VI to the throne), 30 July (1999)

Chief of state

King MOHAMMED VI (since 30 July 1999)

Head of government

Prime Minister Abbas EL FASSI (since 19 September 2007)

Internet country code

.ma

Internet users

13.213 million (2009)

Airports

58 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Casablanca, Jorf Lasfar, Mohammedia, Safi, Tangier

Other countries in the region