Half the fun of the travel is the aesthetic of lostness.
— Ray Bradbury, 1920 -
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Lithuania

Background

Lithuania

Lithuanian lands were united under MINDAUGAS in 1236; over the next century, through alliances and conquest, Lithuania extended its territory to include most of present-day Belarus and Ukraine. By the end of the 14th century Lithuania was the largest state in Europe. An alliance with Poland in 1386 led the two countries into a union through the person of a common ruler. In 1569, Lithuania and Poland formally united into a single dual state, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. This entity survived until 1795 when its remnants were partitioned by surrounding countries. Lithuania regained its independence following World War I but was annexed by the USSR in 1940 - an action never recognized by the US and many other countries. On 11 March 1990, Lithuania became the first of the Soviet republics to declare its independence, but Moscow did not recognize this proclamation until September of 1991 (following the abortive coup in Moscow). The last Russian troops withdrew in 1993. Lithuania subsequently restructured its economy for integration into Western European institutions; it joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004.

About

Lithuania (Lietuva) is a Baltic country in Europe. It has a Baltic Sea coastline in the west and surrounded by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east, Poland to the southwest, and Russia (Kaliningrad) to the west.

Read more about Lithuania in our Lithuania travel guide »

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Lithuania

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Featured hotels in

Lithuania

LithuaniaLe Meridien Vilnius 

Highway A2, the 19th km
Vilnius 03005
Lithuania

Price (US$): $89 - $150 / night

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Location. Le Meridien Vilnius is a business friendly hotel located in Vilnius and attractions in the region include Geographic Centre of Europe, St. Peter and St. Paul's Church, and Vilnius Cathedral. Regional points of interest also include Vilnius University and Town Hall Square. Hotel Features. Dining options at Le Meridien Vilnius include 2 restaurants. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include a golf… more »

LithuaniaThe Narutis Hotel 

Pilies Street 24
Vilnius 01123
Lithuania

Price (US$): $124 - $389 / night

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Location. Located in central Vilnius, The Narutis Hotel is near the airport and within walking distance of St. John's Church, Presidential Palace, and Vilnius Town Hall. Additional points of interest include Cathedral Square and Town Hall Square. Hotel Features. Dining options at The Narutis Hotel include 2 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a health club, a sauna, and a steam room. This 5… more »

LithuaniaKempinski Hotel Cathedral Square 

Universiteto 14/2
Vilnius 01122
Lithuania

Price (US$): $228 - $283 / night

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Location. Located in central Vilnius, Kempinski Hotel Cathedral Square is within walking distance of Cathedral Square, Vilnius Cathedral, and Vilnius University. Nearby points of interest also include Town Hall Square and Vilnius Town Hall. Hotel Features. Kempinski Hotel Cathedral Square features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a spa tub, a sauna, and a… more »

LithuaniaRamada Hotel and Suites Vilnius 

Subaciaus Str. 2
Vilnius LT-01127
Lithuania

Price (US$): $167 - $462 / night

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Location. Located in central Vilnius, Ramada Hotel and Suites Vilnius is within walking distance of Church of the Holy Spirit, Vilnius Town Hall, and Gate of the Dawn. Nearby points of interest also include Town Hall Square and Vilnius University. Hotel Features. Ramada Hotel and Suites Vilnius's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. A complimentary continental breakfast is served each morning.… more »

LithuaniaIDW ESPERANZA RESORT 

KOZELKISKIU VILLAGE
TRAKAI 21282
Lithuania

Price (US$): $240 - $531 / night

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Set in a wonderland of pine forests, overlooking a lake Peace and privacy is the emphasis here at IDW Esperanza Resort. Close to Vilnius, the tranquil country setting, the tasteful accommodation, the attentive service and the vast choice of activities, throughout the year, make this a superb spot from which to explore the beautiful south west region of Lithuania. A spa with a magnificent lake view, a gym, a pool and delicious fusion cuisine and are additional delights. IDW Esperanza Resort… more »

Browse more hotels in Lithuania »

Lithuania

Full name
Republic of Lithuania
Capital
Vilnius
Location

Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Latvia and Russia

Geographic coordinates

56 00 N, 24 00 E

Area comparative

slightly larger than West Virginia

Border countries

Belarus 680 km, Latvia 576 km, Poland 91 km, Russia (Kaliningrad) 227 km

Coastline

90 km

Climate

transitional, between maritime and continental; wet, moderate winters and summers

Terrain

lowland, many scattered small lakes, fertile soil

Lowest point

Baltic Sea 0 m

Highest point

Aukstojas 294 m

Natural resources

peat, arable land, amber

Population

3,545,319 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Lithuanian 84%, Polish 6.1%, Russian 4.9%, Belarusian 1.1%, other or unspecified 3.9% (2009)

Religions

Roman Catholic 79%, Russian Orthodox 4.1%, Protestant (including Lutheran and Evangelical Christian Baptist) 1.9%, other or unspecified 5.5%, none 9.5% (2001 census)

Languages

Lithuanian (official) 82%, Russian 8%, Polish 5.6%, other and unspecified 4.4% (2001 census)

Government type

parliamentary democracy

Independence

11 March 1990 (declared); 6 September 1991 (recognized by the Soviet Union)

National holiday

Independence Day, 16 February (1918); note - 16 February 1918 was the date Lithuania declared its independence from Soviet Russia and established its statehood; 11 March 1990 was the date it declared its independence from the Soviet Union

Chief of state

President Dalia GRYBAUSKAITE (since 12 July 2009)

Head of government

Prime Minister Andrius KUBILIUS (since 27 November 2008)

Internet country code

.lt

Internet users

1.964 million (2009)

Airports

81 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Butinge, Klaipeda

Other countries in the region