Travel becomes a strategy for accumulating photographs.
— Susan Sontag, 1933 - 2004




Founding president and liberation struggle icon Jomo KENYATTA led Kenya from independence in 1963 until his death in 1978, when President Daniel Toroitich arap MOI took power in a constitutional succession. The country was a de facto one-party state from 1969 until 1982 when the ruling Kenya African National Union (KANU) made itself the sole legal party in Kenya. MOI acceded to internal and external pressure for political liberalization in late 1991. The ethnically fractured opposition failed to dislodge KANU from power in elections in 1992 and 1997, which were marred by violence and fraud, but were viewed as having generally reflected the will of the Kenyan people. President MOI stepped down in December 2002 following fair and peaceful elections. Mwai KIBAKI, running as the candidate of the multiethnic, united opposition group, the National Rainbow Coalition (NARC), defeated KANU candidate Uhuru KENYATTA and assumed the presidency following a campaign centered on an anticorruption platform. KIBAKI's NARC coalition splintered in 2005 over the constitutional review process. Government defectors joined with KANU to form a new opposition coalition, the Orange Democratic Movement, which defeated the government's draft constitution in a popular referendum in November 2005. KIBAKI's reelection in December 2007 brought charges of vote rigging from ODM candidate Raila ODINGA and unleashed two months of violence in which as many as 1,500 people died. UN-sponsored talks in late February produced a powersharing accord bringing ODINGA into the government in the restored position of prime minister.


Kenya is a country in Eastern Africa. Its Indian Ocean coast lies between Somalia to the north east and Tanzania to the south. Its other surrounding countries are Ethiopia and Sudan to the north and Uganda to the west.

Read more about Kenya in our Kenya travel guide »

A travel warning has been issued for Kenya

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Featured journals from


Kenya - October 2016

by kudos1uk

The trip of a lifetime - Self drive Kenya's top reserves

Oct 2016  »  Kenya

Nonna and Papa Abroad 2.0

by nonnaandpapa

Nonna and Papa in Africa

Feb 2016  »  Canada | Netherlands | Kenya | Rwanda

Yoga for Elephants

by zohar

Samburu, Kenya

Jul 2010  »  Kenya

Memorable Trees

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Masai mara, Kenya

Apr 2002  »  Kenya


by zohar

Masai Mara, Kenya

Oct 2000  »  Kenya


by bongart


Jun 2010  »  Kenya

Featured hotels in


KenyaThe Majlis Lamu 

Ras Kitau Bay, Manda Island, P.O. Box 5
Lamu 80500

Price (US$): $759 - $760 / night

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Location. The Majlis Lamu is located on the beach in Lamu, close to Manda Beach, Shela Beach, and Lamu Fort. Hotel Features. The Majlis Lamu's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. A complimentary breakfast is served each morning. Guests can enjoy a complimentary evening social on select days. Recreational amenities include a children's pool and a fitness facility. Spa amenities include massage/treatment rooms, facials, body… more »

KenyaMara Intrepids Tented Camp 

Masai Mara
Masai Mara 74888 00200

Price (US$): $364 - $365 / night

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Location. Located in Masai Mara, Mara Intrepids Tented Camp is on the waterfront and local attractions include Masai Mara Reserve. Property Features. Mara Intrepids Tented Camp's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. The lodge serves a complimentary buffet breakfast each morning in the restaurant. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a lazy river, and a children's club. The property has a… more »

KenyaTribe Hotel 

Limuru Road, The Village Market, Gigiri
Nairobi 1333

Price (US$): $300 - $500 / night

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Location. Tribe Hotel is located in Nairobi and local attractions include Arboretum, Moi International Sports Centre, and Kenya National Theatre. Additional area points of interest include University of Nairobi and Jeevanjee Gardens. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool and a health club. Spa amenities include spa services and massage/treatment rooms. This 5 star property offers secretarial services and audiovisual equipment. Complimentary wireless Internet access… more »

KenyaThe Sarova Stanley 

Corner of Kenyatta Ave. and Kimathi St.
Nairobi 00100

Price (US$): $361 - $475 / night

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Location. Located in central Nairobi, The Sarova Stanley is connected to the airport and within walking distance of City Market, City Hall, and National Archives. Other points of interest near this luxury hotel include City Square and Kenyatta International Conference Centre. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a health club, a sauna, and a steam room. Spa amenities include spa services, facials, body treatments, and beauty services. This 5 star property has a… more »

KenyaInterContinental Nairobi 

City Hall Way
P O Box 30353

Price (US$): $212 - $665 / night

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Location. Located in central Nairobi, InterContinental Nairobi is a business friendly hotel within walking distance of Kenyatta Mausoleum, National Assembly Building, and Parliament Building. Additional points of interest include City Hall and City Square. Hotel Features. Dining options at InterContinental Nairobi include 6 restaurants. 2 bars/lounges and a poolside bar are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves full breakfasts each morning in the… more »

Browse more hotels in Kenya »


Full name
Republic of Kenya

Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania

Geographic coordinates

1 00 N, 38 00 E

Area comparative

slightly more than twice the size of Nevada

Border countries

Ethiopia 861 km, Somalia 682 km, Sudan 232 km, Tanzania 769 km, Uganda 933 km


536 km


varies from tropical along coast to arid in interior


low plains rise to central highlands bisected by Great Rift Valley; fertile plateau in west

Lowest point

Indian Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Mount Kenya 5,199 m

Natural resources

limestone, soda ash, salt, gemstones, fluorspar, zinc, diatomite, gypsum, wildlife, hydropower



Ethnic groups

Kikuyu 22%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Meru 6%, other African 15%, non-African (Asian, European, and Arab) 1%


Protestant 45%, Roman Catholic 33%, Muslim 10%, indigenous beliefs 10%, other 2%


English (official), Kiswahili (official), numerous indigenous languages

Government type



12 December 1963 (from the UK)

National holiday

Independence Day, 12 December (1963)

Chief of state

President Mwai KIBAKI (since 30 December 2002); Vice President Stephen Kalonzo MUSYOKA (since 10 January 2008);

Head of government

President Mwai KIBAKI (since 30 December 2002); Vice President Stephen Kalonzo MUSYOKA (since 10 January 2008); note - the roles of the president and prime minister are not well defined at this juncture; constitutionally, the president remains chief of state and head of government, but the prime minister is charged with coordinating government business

Internet country code


Internet users

3.996 million (2009)


191 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Kisumu, Mombasa

Other countries in the region