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Jordan

Background

Jordan

Following World War I and the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, the UK received a mandate to govern much of the Middle East. Britain separated out a semi-autonomous region of Transjordan from Palestine in the early 1920s, and the area gained its independence in 1946; it adopted the name of Jordan in 1950. The country's long-time ruler was King HUSSEIN (1953-99). A pragmatic leader, he successfully navigated competing pressures from the major powers (US, USSR, and UK), various Arab states, Israel, and a large internal Palestinian population. Jordan lost the West Bank to Israel in the 1967 war and barely managed to defeat Palestinian rebels who attempted to overthrow the monarchy in 1970. King HUSSEIN in 1988 permanently relinquished Jordanian claims to the West Bank. In 1989, he reinstituted parliamentary elections and initiated a gradual political liberalization; political parties were legalized in 1992. In 1994, he signed a peace treaty with Israel. King ABDALLAH II, the son of King HUSSEIN, assumed the throne following his father's death in February 1999. Since then, he has consolidated his power and undertaken an aggressive economic reform program. Jordan acceded to the World Trade Organization in 2000, and began to participate in the European Free Trade Association in 2001. In 2003, Jordan staunchly supported the Coalition ouster of Saddam in Iraq and following the outbreak of insurgent violence in Iraq, absorbed thousands of displaced Iraqis. Municipal elections were held in July 2007 under a system in which 20% of seats in all municipal councils were reserved by quota for women. Parliamentary elections were held in November 2010 and saw independent pro-government candidates win the vast majority of seats.

About

For other places with the same name, see Jordan (disambiguation).

Jordan (الأردنّ al-Urdunn) is a country in the Middle East. Almost completely land-locked (save for a small outlet on the Red Sea in the Gulf of Aqaba and a frontage on the Dead Sea), Jordan is bordered by Israel and the West Bank (Palestinian Territories) to the west, by Syria to the north, by Iraq to the east and by Saudi Arabia to the south.

Read more about Jordan in our Jordan travel guide »

Featured journals from

Jordan

Cairo, Nile Cruise & Hurghada All-inclusive Holiday

by travabiatravel

10-Days Egypt holiday to Cairo, Nile Cruise from Aswan to Luxor 3 nights with beach extensions 3 nights on the coast of the Red Sea with flights, guide, sightseeing and hotels included. Book your holiday to Egypt with us.

May 2018 - Jun 2018  »  Egypt | Jordan | Benin

Featured hotels in

Jordan

JordanKempinski Hotel Aqaba Red Sea 

King Hussein Street
Aqaba 77110
Jordan

Price (US$): $148 - $770 / night

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Location. Kempinski Hotel Aqaba Red Sea is located on the beach in central Aqaba, close to Aqaba Fort and Aqaba City Center Shopping Mall. Other points of interest are North Beach and Dolphin Reef. Resort Features. Kempinski Hotel Aqaba Red Sea features a poolside bar and a snack bar/deli. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The resort serves buffet breakfasts each morning (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a children's pool, a health club, a sauna, and… more »

JordanGRAND HYATT AMMAN 

JABAL AMMAN HUSSEIN BIN ALI ST
PO BOX 831159
Amman 831159
Jordan

Price (US$): $210 - $354 / night

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PROPERTY DESCRIPTIONA 311 ROOM,LUXURY 5 STAR GRAND HYATT HOTEL SITUATED IN THEHEART OF AMMAN S STATELY BUSINESS AND DIPLOMATIC DISTRICTWITH AN INVALUABLE DIRECT LINK TO THE TRADE, EXHIBITION ANDCONFERENCE CENTRE. 30KM/30 MINS BY CAR TO QUEEN ALIA INTLAIRPORT. 10 MINUTES BY CAR FROM THE OLD SOUK, AND THEAMPHITHEATER, DOWNTOWN . 45 MINUTES FROM THE LOWEST POINT ONEARTH, DEAD SEA ... FREQUENT STAYHYATTS FREQUENT STAY PROGRAM IS GOLD PASSPORT. TO FIND OUTMORE INFORMATION ON BECOMING A MEMBER AND… more »

JordanSheraton Amman Al Nabil Hotel 

5th Circle Po Box 840084
P.o. Box 840064
Amman 11184
Jordan

Price (US$): $228 - $437 / night

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Location. Sheraton Amman Al Nabil Hotel is a business friendly hotel located in central Amman, close to Jordan Gate Towers, Al Baraka Mall, and Abdoun Bridge. Additional points of interest include Abdoun Mall and Royal Culture Center. Hotel Features. Sheraton Amman Al Nabil Hotel features a coffee shop/café, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, an indoor pool, a health club, a sauna, and a steam room. This 5 star property has a business center… more »

JordanPetra Marriott Hotel 

Taybeh Road
Wadi Musa
Jordan

Price (US$): $119 - $196 / night

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Location. Petra Marriott Hotel is a business friendly hotel located in Wadi Musa, close to Petra Ruins. Hotel Features. Dining options at Petra Marriott Hotel include 2 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary hot and cold buffet breakfast each morning in the restaurant. Recreational amenities include a sauna and a steam room. This 5 star property has a 24 hour business center and offers a meeting/conference room… more »

JordanMoevenpick Resort Petra 

Wadi Mousa
Po Box 214, Petra
Wadi Musa 718101
Jordan

Price (US$): $118 - $1058 / night

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Location. Located in Wadi Musa, Moevenpick Resort Petra is in the historical district and close to Petra Ruins. Resort Features. In addition to 3 restaurants, Moevenpick Resort Petra offers a snack bar/deli and a coffee shop/café. A poolside bar is open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. The resort serves a complimentary breakfast. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a health club, a sauna, a steam room, and a children's club. This 5 star property has a… more »

Browse more hotels in Jordan »

Jordan

Full name
Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Capital
Amman
Location

Middle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia

Geographic coordinates

31 00 N, 36 00 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than Indiana

Border countries

Iraq 181 km, Israel 238 km, Saudi Arabia 744 km, Syria 375 km, West Bank 97 km

Coastline

26 km

Climate

mostly arid desert; rainy season in west (November to April)

Terrain

mostly desert plateau in east, highland area in west; Great Rift Valley separates East and West Banks of the Jordan River

Lowest point

Dead Sea -408 m

Highest point

Jabal Umm ad Dami 1,854 m

Natural resources

phosphates, potash, shale oil

Population

6,407,085 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Arab 98%, Circassian 1%, Armenian 1%

Religions

Sunni Muslim 92%, Christian 6% (majority Greek Orthodox, but some Greek and Roman Catholics, Syrian Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, and Protestant denominations), other 2% (several small Shia Muslim and Druze populations) (2001 est.)

Languages

Arabic (official), English widely understood among upper and middle classes

Government type

constitutional monarchy

Independence

25 May 1946 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration)

National holiday

Independence Day, 25 May (1946)

Chief of state

King ABDALLAH II (since 7 February 1999); Crown Prince HUSSEIN (born 28 June 1994), eldest son of King ABDALLAH II

Head of government

Prime Minister Samir al-RIFAI (since 9 December 2009); Deputy Prime Ministers Ayman al-SAFADI, Khalid al-KARAKI, Sa'ad Hayel SROUR

Internet country code

.jo

Internet users

1.642 million (2009)

Airports

18 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Al 'Aqabah

Other countries in the region