The voyage of discovery is not in seeking new landscapes but in having new eyes.
— Marcel Proust, 1871 - 1922
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Argentina

Background

Argentina

In 1816, the United Provinces of the Rio Plata declared their independence from Spain. After Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay went their separate ways, the area that remained became Argentina. The country's population and culture were heavily shaped by immigrants from throughout Europe, but most particularly Italy and Spain, which provided the largest percentage of newcomers from 1860 to 1930. Up until about the mid-20th century, much of Argentina's history was dominated by periods of internal political conflict between Federalists and Unitarians and between civilian and military factions. After World War II, an era of Peronist populism and direct and indirect military interference in subsequent governments was followed by a military junta that took power in 1976. Democracy returned in 1983 after a failed bid to seize the Falkland (Malvinas) Islands by force, and has persisted despite numerous challenges, the most formidable of which was a severe economic crisis in 2001-02 that led to violent public protests and the successive resignations of several presidents.

About

Argentina, , (officially Argentine Republic; Spanish "Republica Argentina") is a large, elongated country in the southern part of South America, neighbouring countries being Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay to the north, Uruguay to the north east and Chile to the west. In the east Argentina has a long South Atlantic Ocean coastline.

Read more about Argentina in our Argentina travel guide »

Featured journals from

Argentina

One Lucky Lady off to see the World!

by Natreadtravels

Let the Adventure begin.............thank you Edwina and Cruise Portfolio for allowing me this wonderful opportunity.

Mar 2014 - Jun 2014  »  United Kingdom | Vietnam | Chile | Argentina | Bolivia | Colombia | Peru

Entre verdes colinas, castillos perdidos y lagos encantados

by facuysol

Un viaje por el hermoso mundo de Gran Bretaña

May 2010  »  Argentina

Featured hotels in

Argentina

ArgentinaFAENA HOTEL BUENOS AIRES 

Martha Salotti 445
Buenos Aires C1107BDA
Argentina

Price (US$): $499 - $659 / night

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Location. FAENA HOTEL BUENOS AIRES is located in Buenos Aires's Puerto Madero neighborhood, close to Presidente Sarmiento Frigate Ship Museum, Casa Rosada, and Plaza de Mayo. Nearby points of interest also include Obelisco and Teatro Colon. Hotel Features. FAENA HOTEL BUENOS AIRES features a coffee shop/café, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a health club, a sauna, and a steam room. The property's… more »

ArgentinaSheraton Salta Hotel 

Coronel Francisco de Uriondo 330
Salta A4406BKQ
Argentina

Price (US$): $140 - $260 / night

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Location. Sheraton Salta Hotel is a business friendly hotel located in Salta, close to February 20 Hill, El Gigante del Norte Stadium, and San Bernando Convent. Additional points of interest include San Bernando Hill and San Francisco Church and Convent. Hotel Features. Dining options at Sheraton Salta Hotel include a restaurant, a coffee shop/café, and a snack bar/deli. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool… more »

ArgentinaSheraton Libertador Hotel 

Av. Cordoba 690
Buenos Aires 1054
Argentina

Price (US$): $140 - $290 / night

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Location. Sheraton Libertador Hotel is a business friendly hotel located in Buenos Aires's Retiro neighborhood, close to Pacific Gallery, Borges Cultural Center, and Buenos Aires Stock Exchange. Additional points of interest include Palacio de Justicia and Plaza San Martin. Hotel Features. Sheraton Libertador Hotel features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a health club, and a sauna. Spa amenities include… more »

ArgentinaCasaSur Art Hotel 

Avenida Callao 1823
Buenos Aires 1024
Argentina

Price (US$): $209 - $290 / night

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Location. CasaSur Art Hotel is located in Buenos Aires's Recoleta neighborhood, close to San Martin Square, Teatro Colon, and Obelisco. Nearby points of interest also include Plaza de Mayo and Casa Rosada. Hotel Features. CasaSur Art Hotel's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. The hotel serves a complimentary hot and cold buffet breakfast. Recreational amenities include a health club. The property's… more »

ArgentinaMelia Buenos Aires Hotel & Convention Center 

Reconquista 945 - Centro
Buenos Aires C1003ABS
Argentina

Price (US$): $195 - $235 / night

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Location. Located in central Buenos Aires, Melia Buenos Aires Hotel & Convention Center is near the airport and within walking distance of Edificio Kavanagh, Borges Cultural Center, and Plaza San Martin. Additional points of interest include Buenos Aires Stock Exchange and Plaza Libertad. Hotel Features. Dining options at Melia Buenos Aires Hotel & Convention Center include 3 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet… more »

Browse more hotels in Argentina »

Argentina

Full name
Argentine Republic
Capital
Buenos Aires
Location

Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Chile and Uruguay

Geographic coordinates

34 00 S, 64 00 W

Area comparative

slightly less than three-tenths the size of the US

Border countries

Bolivia 832 km, Brazil 1,261 km, Chile 5,308 km, Paraguay 1,880 km, Uruguay 580 km

Coastline

4,989 km

Climate

mostly temperate; arid in southeast; subantarctic in southwest

Terrain

rich plains of the Pampas in northern half, flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia in south, rugged Andes along western border

Lowest point

Laguna del Carbon -105 m (located between Puerto San Julian and Comandante Luis Piedra Buena in the province of Santa Cruz)

Highest point

Cerro Aconcagua 6,960 m (located in the northwestern corner of the province of Mendoza)

Natural resources

fertile plains of the pampas, lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron ore, manganese, petroleum, uranium

Population

41,343,201 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

white (mostly Spanish and Italian) 97%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry), Amerindian, or other non-white groups 3%

Religions

nominally Roman Catholic 92% (less than 20% practicing), Protestant 2%, Jewish 2%, other 4%

Languages

Spanish (official), Italian, English, German, French

Government type

republic

Independence

9 July 1816 (from Spain)

National holiday

Revolution Day, 25 May (1810)

Chief of state

President Cristina FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER (since 10 December 2007); Vice President Julio COBOS (since 10 December 2007); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

Head of government

President Cristina FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER (since 10 December 2007); Vice President Julio COBOS (since 10 December 2007)

Internet country code

.ar

Internet users

13.694 million (2009)

Airports

1,141 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Arroyo Seco, Bahia Blanca, Buenos Aires, La Plata, Punta Colorada, Rosario, San Lorenzo-San Martin

Other countries in the region