I haven't been everywhere, but it's on my list.
— Susan Sontag, 1933 - 2004




Celtic tribes arrived on the island between 600-150 B.C. Invasions by Norsemen that began in the late 8th century were finally ended when King Brian BORU defeated the Danes in 1014. English invasions began in the 12th century and set off more than seven centuries of Anglo-Irish struggle marked by fierce rebellions and harsh repressions. A failed 1916 Easter Monday Rebellion touched off several years of guerrilla warfare that in 1921 resulted in independence from the UK for 26 southern counties; six northern (Ulster) counties remained part of the UK. In 1949, Ireland withdrew from the British Commonwealth; it joined the European Community in 1973. Irish governments have sought the peaceful unification of Ireland and have cooperated with Britain against terrorist groups. A peace settlement for Northern Ireland is gradually being implemented despite some difficulties. In 2006, the Irish and British governments developed and began to implement the St. Andrews Agreement, building on the Good Friday Agreement approved in 1998.


For other places with the same name, see Ireland (disambiguation).

Ulster directs to here. For other places with this name, see Ulster (disambiguation)

Ireland (Irish: Éire), known popularly as the Emerald Isle, is an island in north-western Europe which has been divided politically since 1920. Most of the island is made up of Ireland (Irish: Éire) (a.k.a. Republic of Ireland (Irish: Poblacht na hÉireann)) . The remainder is Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom.

Read more about Ireland in our Ireland travel guide »

Featured journals from



by jhofsink

Adventures in a Country Where my Name is for Boys

Feb 2011 - Apr 2011  »  Ireland


by srh8911

May 2011  »  Ireland | United Kingdom | Germany

Summer 2017

by madjeanne

Headed North to cool down a bit.

Jul 2017 - Sep 2017  »  United States | United Kingdom | Norway | Svalbard and Jan Mayen | Sweden | Estonia | Russia | Finland | Germany | Netherlands | Belgium | Ireland | Iceland | Greenland | Canada

Belfast City Trip DAY 1

by briancorbett

Belfast City Center Tour & The Titanic Museum

Jul 2017  »  United Kingdom | Ireland

Dublin City Trip DAY 2

by briancorbett

Dundalk, Carlingford & Kilmainham Jail, Dublin

Jul 2017  »  Ireland

Featured hotels in


IrelandLough Eske Castle, a Solis Hotel & Spa 

1 Lough Eske

Price (US$): $204 - $296 / night

Check rates »

Location. Lough Eske Castle, a Solis Hotel & Spa is a business friendly hotel located in Donegal, close to Lough Eske, Ardnamona Gardens, and O'Donnel's Castle. Additional points of interest include Donegal Castle. Hotel Features. Dining options at Lough Eske Castle, a Solis Hotel & Spa include 2 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a health club, a spa tub, a sauna, and a steam room. The… more »

IrelandThe Westbury Hotel 

Grafton Street
Dublin 2

Price (US$): $294 - $429 / night

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Location. Located in central Dublin, The Westbury Hotel is steps from Powerscourt Townhouse, Gaiety Theatre, and Brown Thomas Flagship Store. Nearby points of interest also include St. Stephen's Green and Dublin Castle. Hotel Features. Dining options at The Westbury Hotel include a restaurant and a coffee shop/café. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include a fitness facility. This 5 star property has a business center and… more »


Co Kilkenny none

Price (US$): $146 - $752 / night

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In the midst of 1500 acres of walled grounds, Mount Juliet is Irelands finest sporting estate. With a superb 18 hole championship golf course, a state of the art equestrian centre, a diverse range of country pursuits, fine dining and a relaxing spa, this is the place to experience Irish country life at its best. The atmosphere is calm and relaxing amongst the evident grandeur and elegance at the 18th Century Mount Juliet House. Rooms and suites are individually decorated, plus there are two… more »


Co Clare

Price (US$): $208 - $1830 / night

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Set in a beautiful Irish country house, The Lodge at Doonbeg is a coastal haven with a magnificent 18 hole golf course designed by Greg Norman, unique accommodation in delightful suites and cottages, exquisite dining and a soothing spa. The stunning sea views, whether from the golf course or your suite, are both invigorating and relaxing, reflecting the atmosphere of this hotel where you feel free to play as much golf as possible or simply unwind and enjoy the pampering. Be sure to… more »

IrelandThe Savoy Hotel 

Henry Street
Limerick 99999

Price (US$): $135 - $171 / night

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Location. The Savoy Hotel is a business friendly hotel located in central Limerick, close to Augustinian Church, St. Mary's Cathedral, and The Treaty Stone. Additional points of interest include King John's Castle and Arthur's Quay Park. Hotel Features. The Savoy Hotel features a coffee shop/café and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves continental breakfasts each morning in the lounge (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities include a health club, a… more »

Browse more hotels in Ireland »


Full name

Western Europe, occupying five-sixths of the island of Ireland in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain

Geographic coordinates

53 00 N, 8 00 W

Area comparative

slightly larger than West Virginia

Border countries

UK 360 km


1,448 km


temperate maritime; modified by North Atlantic Current; mild winters, cool summers; consistently humid; overcast about half the time


mostly level to rolling interior plain surrounded by rugged hills and low mountains; sea cliffs on west coast

Lowest point

Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Carrauntoohil 1,041 m

Natural resources

natural gas, peat, copper, lead, zinc, silver, barite, gypsum, limestone, dolomite


4,622,917 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Irish 87.4%, other white 7.5%, Asian 1.3%, black 1.1%, mixed 1.1%, unspecified 1.6% (2006 census)


Roman Catholic 87.4%, Church of Ireland 2.9%, other Christian 1.9%, other 2.1%, unspecified 1.5%, none 4.2% (2006 census)


English (official) is the language generally used, Irish (Gaelic or Gaeilge) (official) spoken mainly in areas along the western coast

Government type

republic, parliamentary democracy


6 December 1921 (from the UK by treaty)

National holiday

Saint Patrick's Day, 17 March

Chief of state

President Mary MCALEESE (since 11 November 1997)

Head of government

Taoiseach (Prime Minister) Brian COWEN (since 7 May 2008)

Internet country code


Internet users

3.042 million (2009)


39 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Cork, Dublin, Shannon Foynes, Waterford

Other countries in the region