I dislike feeling at home when I am abroad.
— George Bernard Shaw, 1856 - 1950
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Ireland

Background

Ireland

Celtic tribes arrived on the island between 600-150 B.C. Invasions by Norsemen that began in the late 8th century were finally ended when King Brian BORU defeated the Danes in 1014. English invasions began in the 12th century and set off more than seven centuries of Anglo-Irish struggle marked by fierce rebellions and harsh repressions. A failed 1916 Easter Monday Rebellion touched off several years of guerrilla warfare that in 1921 resulted in independence from the UK for 26 southern counties; six northern (Ulster) counties remained part of the UK. In 1949, Ireland withdrew from the British Commonwealth; it joined the European Community in 1973. Irish governments have sought the peaceful unification of Ireland and have cooperated with Britain against terrorist groups. A peace settlement for Northern Ireland is gradually being implemented despite some difficulties. In 2006, the Irish and British governments developed and began to implement the St. Andrews Agreement, building on the Good Friday Agreement approved in 1998.

About

For other places with the same name, see Ireland (disambiguation).

Ulster directs to here. For other places with this name, see Ulster (disambiguation)

Ireland (Irish: Éire), known popularly as the Emerald Isle, is an island in north-western Europe which has been divided politically since 1920. Most of the island is made up of Ireland (Irish: Éire) (a.k.a. Republic of Ireland (Irish: Poblacht na hÉireann)) . The remainder is Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom.

Read more about Ireland in our Ireland travel guide »

Featured journals from

Ireland

Ireland!

by jhofsink

Adventures in a Country Where my Name is for Boys

Feb 2011 - Apr 2011  »  Ireland

EUROPE 2011

by srh8911

May 2011  »  Ireland | United Kingdom | Germany

Summer 2017

by madjeanne

Headed North to cool down a bit.

Jul 2017 - Sep 2017  »  United States | United Kingdom | Norway | Svalbard and Jan Mayen | Sweden | Estonia | Russia | Finland | Germany | Netherlands | Belgium | Ireland | Iceland | Greenland | Canada

Belfast City Trip DAY 1

by briancorbett

Belfast City Center Tour & The Titanic Museum

Jul 2017  »  United Kingdom | Ireland

Dublin City Trip DAY 2

by briancorbett

Dundalk, Carlingford & Kilmainham Jail, Dublin

Jul 2017  »  Ireland

Featured hotels in

Ireland

IrelandThe Europe Hotel & Resort 

Fossa
Killarney
Ireland

Price (US$): $270 - $294 / night

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Location. Near the airport, The Europe Hotel & Resort is located in Killarney's Fossa neighborhood and close to Killarney Golf Club, Aghadoe, and Castlerosse Golf. Additional points of interest include Killarney Riding Stables and Innisfallen Island. Hotel Features. The Europe Hotel & Resort's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary breakfast. Recreational amenities include an… more »

IrelandDROMOLAND CASTLE RESORT 

Newmarket on Fergus
Newmarket On Fergus
Ireland

Price (US$): $262 - $740 / night

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WITH AN EXTRAORDINARY HISTORY STRETCHING BACK TO THE 5THCENTURY THE DROMOLAND CASTLE 5 STAR HOTEL IN IRELAND WASORIGINALLY THE ANCESTRAL HOME OF ONE OF THE FEW FAMILIES OFGAELIC ROYALTY DIRECT DESCENDANTS OF BRIAN BORU THE HIGHKING OF IRELAND.APPROACHED BY A MEANDERING DRIVE THAT PASSES ACRES OFMAGNIFICENT LAWNS/THIS IRISH LUXURY CASTLE HOTEL OVERLOOKSITS OWN CHAMPIONSHIP GOLF COURSE AND A GLISTENING LAKE WHICHCOMMANDS THE PANORAMIC BEAUTY OF THE SURROUNDS.SEAMLESSLY BLENDING OLDE WORLD… more »

IrelandThe Shelbourne Dublin, A Renaissance Hotel 

27 St. Stephen's Green North
Dublin 2
Ireland

Price (US$): $266 - $1050 / night

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Location. Located in central Dublin, The Shelbourne Dublin, A Renaissance Hotel is a business friendly hotel within walking distance of National Museum of Ireland Archaeology and History, National Gallery of Ireland at Merrion Square, and St. Stephen's Green. Additional points of interest include Dame Street and Dublin Tourism Centre. Hotel Features. The Shelbourne Dublin, A Renaissance Hotel's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. 2 bars/lounges are open for drinks. Room service… more »

IrelandKillarney Park Hotel 

Town Centre
Killarney
Ireland

Price (US$): $269 - $605 / night

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Location. Killarney Park Hotel is located in central Killarney, close to Killegy Church, Killarney Cathedral, and St. Mary's Cathedral. Nearby points of interest also include Fitzgerald Stadium and Ross Golf Club. Hotel Features. Killarney Park Hotel's restaurant serves breakfast and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. A complimentary breakfast is served each morning in the restaurant. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, an outdoor… more »

IrelandMOUNT JULIET HOTEL 

Thomastown
Co Kilkenny none
Ireland

Price (US$): $146 - $752 / night

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In the midst of 1500 acres of walled grounds, Mount Juliet is Irelands finest sporting estate. With a superb 18 hole championship golf course, a state of the art equestrian centre, a diverse range of country pursuits, fine dining and a relaxing spa, this is the place to experience Irish country life at its best. The atmosphere is calm and relaxing amongst the evident grandeur and elegance at the 18th Century Mount Juliet House. Rooms and suites are individually decorated, plus there are two… more »

Browse more hotels in Ireland »

Ireland

Full name
Éire
Capital
Dublin
Location

Western Europe, occupying five-sixths of the island of Ireland in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain

Geographic coordinates

53 00 N, 8 00 W

Area comparative

slightly larger than West Virginia

Border countries

UK 360 km

Coastline

1,448 km

Climate

temperate maritime; modified by North Atlantic Current; mild winters, cool summers; consistently humid; overcast about half the time

Terrain

mostly level to rolling interior plain surrounded by rugged hills and low mountains; sea cliffs on west coast

Lowest point

Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Carrauntoohil 1,041 m

Natural resources

natural gas, peat, copper, lead, zinc, silver, barite, gypsum, limestone, dolomite

Population

4,622,917 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Irish 87.4%, other white 7.5%, Asian 1.3%, black 1.1%, mixed 1.1%, unspecified 1.6% (2006 census)

Religions

Roman Catholic 87.4%, Church of Ireland 2.9%, other Christian 1.9%, other 2.1%, unspecified 1.5%, none 4.2% (2006 census)

Languages

English (official) is the language generally used, Irish (Gaelic or Gaeilge) (official) spoken mainly in areas along the western coast

Government type

republic, parliamentary democracy

Independence

6 December 1921 (from the UK by treaty)

National holiday

Saint Patrick's Day, 17 March

Chief of state

President Mary MCALEESE (since 11 November 1997)

Head of government

Taoiseach (Prime Minister) Brian COWEN (since 7 May 2008)

Internet country code

.ie

Internet users

3.042 million (2009)

Airports

39 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Cork, Dublin, Shannon Foynes, Waterford

Other countries in the region