Our Nature lies in movement; complete calm is death.
— Blaise Pascal, 1623 - 1662




Celtic tribes arrived on the island between 600-150 B.C. Invasions by Norsemen that began in the late 8th century were finally ended when King Brian BORU defeated the Danes in 1014. English invasions began in the 12th century and set off more than seven centuries of Anglo-Irish struggle marked by fierce rebellions and harsh repressions. A failed 1916 Easter Monday Rebellion touched off several years of guerrilla warfare that in 1921 resulted in independence from the UK for 26 southern counties; six northern (Ulster) counties remained part of the UK. In 1949, Ireland withdrew from the British Commonwealth; it joined the European Community in 1973. Irish governments have sought the peaceful unification of Ireland and have cooperated with Britain against terrorist groups. A peace settlement for Northern Ireland is gradually being implemented despite some difficulties. In 2006, the Irish and British governments developed and began to implement the St. Andrews Agreement, building on the Good Friday Agreement approved in 1998.


For other places with the same name, see Ireland (disambiguation).

Ulster directs to here. For other places with this name, see Ulster (disambiguation)

Ireland (Irish: Éire), known popularly as the Emerald Isle, is an island in north-western Europe which has been divided politically since 1920. Most of the island is made up of Ireland (Irish: Éire) (a.k.a. Republic of Ireland (Irish: Poblacht na hÉireann)) . The remainder is Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom.

Read more about Ireland in our Ireland travel guide »

Featured journals from



by jhofsink

Adventures in a Country Where my Name is for Boys

Feb 2011 - Apr 2011  »  Ireland


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May 2011  »  Ireland | United Kingdom | Germany

Summer 2017

by madjeanne

Headed North to cool down a bit.

Jul 2017 - Sep 2017  »  United States | United Kingdom | Norway | Svalbard and Jan Mayen | Sweden | Estonia | Russia | Finland | Germany | Netherlands | Belgium | Ireland | Iceland | Greenland | Canada

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by briancorbett

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Jul 2017  »  United Kingdom | Ireland

Dublin City Trip DAY 2

by briancorbett

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Jul 2017  »  Ireland

Featured hotels in


IrelandThe Westbury Hotel 

Grafton Street
Dublin 2

Price (US$): $294 - $429 / night

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Location. Located in central Dublin, The Westbury Hotel is steps from Powerscourt Townhouse, Gaiety Theatre, and Brown Thomas Flagship Store. Nearby points of interest also include St. Stephen's Green and Dublin Castle. Hotel Features. Dining options at The Westbury Hotel include a restaurant and a coffee shop/café. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include a fitness facility. This 5 star property has a business center and… more »



Price (US$): $351 - $439 / night

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created In Late Nineteenth Century The Hibernian Hotel Is A Truly Magnificent Red Brick Victorian Boutique Hotel. The Splendor That Is Reflected Throughout The Interior. Whether Visiting Dublin For Business Or Leisure The Hibernian Is A True Oasis To Relax And Experience The Magic Of Dublin. Hibernian Hotel Dublin Offers A Selection Of Individually Furnished And Styled Executive Guest Rooms And Junior Suites Restaurant Patrick Kavanagh The Boardroom For Private Meetings Or Private Dining.… more »

IrelandThe Fitzwilliam Hotel 

2 St. Stephen's Green
Dublin 2

Price (US$): $221 - $307 / night

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Location. Located in central Dublin, The Fitzwilliam Hotel is a business friendly hotel steps from O'Callaghan Stephen's Green Shopping Centre, St. Stephen's Green, and Gaiety Theatre. Additional points of interest include Dame Street and Dublin Tourism Centre. Hotel Features. Dining options at The Fitzwilliam Hotel include a restaurant and a coffee shop/café. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. This 5 star property has a business center and offers… more »


Kenmare-County Kerry
Kenmare NONE

Price (US$): $508 - $1257 / night

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A majestic mansion with stunning views of Kenmare Bay, Park Hotel Kenmare is a delightful spa and leisure resort in beautiful parkland grounds. Here, you will find haute cuisine dining, an 18 hole golf course, an all encompassing spa including 25 metre lap pool, a private cinema and a fine selection of malt whiskey. The atmosphere is undeniably elegant but incredibly inviting. Large, light rooms are filled with antiques and objets d art, oil paintings and tasteful furnishings and fabrics.… more »

IrelandFota Island Hotel & Spa 

Fota Island

Price (US$): $171 - $172 / night

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Location. Fota Island Hotel & Spa is a family friendly Fota hotel on an island and close to Fota Island, Fota Wildlife Park, and Fota House Arboretum and Gardens. Additional points of interest include Barryscourt Castle. Hotel Features. Fota Island Hotel & Spa's restaurant serves breakfast and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary full breakfast each morning in the restaurant. Recreational amenities include a golf… more »

Browse more hotels in Ireland »


Full name

Western Europe, occupying five-sixths of the island of Ireland in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain

Geographic coordinates

53 00 N, 8 00 W

Area comparative

slightly larger than West Virginia

Border countries

UK 360 km


1,448 km


temperate maritime; modified by North Atlantic Current; mild winters, cool summers; consistently humid; overcast about half the time


mostly level to rolling interior plain surrounded by rugged hills and low mountains; sea cliffs on west coast

Lowest point

Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Carrauntoohil 1,041 m

Natural resources

natural gas, peat, copper, lead, zinc, silver, barite, gypsum, limestone, dolomite


4,622,917 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Irish 87.4%, other white 7.5%, Asian 1.3%, black 1.1%, mixed 1.1%, unspecified 1.6% (2006 census)


Roman Catholic 87.4%, Church of Ireland 2.9%, other Christian 1.9%, other 2.1%, unspecified 1.5%, none 4.2% (2006 census)


English (official) is the language generally used, Irish (Gaelic or Gaeilge) (official) spoken mainly in areas along the western coast

Government type

republic, parliamentary democracy


6 December 1921 (from the UK by treaty)

National holiday

Saint Patrick's Day, 17 March

Chief of state

President Mary MCALEESE (since 11 November 1997)

Head of government

Taoiseach (Prime Minister) Brian COWEN (since 7 May 2008)

Internet country code


Internet users

3.042 million (2009)


39 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Cork, Dublin, Shannon Foynes, Waterford

Other countries in the region