To travel is to take a journey into yourself.
— Danny Kaye, 1913 - 1987
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Indonesia

Background

Indonesia

The Dutch began to colonize Indonesia in the early 17th century; Japan occupied the islands from 1942 to 1945. Indonesia declared its independence after Japan's surrender, but it required four years of intermittent negotiations, recurring hostilities, and UN mediation before the Netherlands agreed to transfer sovereignty in 1949. Free and fair legislative elections took place in 1999 after decades of repressive rule. Indonesia is now the world's third most populous democracy, the world's largest archipelagic state, and home to the world's largest Muslim population. Current issues include alleviating poverty, improving education, preventing terrorism, consolidating democracy after four decades of authoritarianism, implementing economic and financial reforms, stemming corruption, holding the military and police accountable for human rights violations, addressing climate change, and controlling avian influenza. In 2005, Indonesia reached a historic peace agreement with armed separatists in Aceh, which led to democratic elections in Aceh in December 2006. Indonesia continues to face low intensity armed resistance by the separatist Free Papua Movement.

About

Indonesia straddles the Equator between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. While it has land borders with Malaysia to the north as well as East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the east, it also neighbors Australia to the south, and Palau, the Philippines, Vietnam, Singapore, and Thailand to the north, India to the northwest.

Read more about Indonesia in our Indonesia travel guide »

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Featured hotels in

Indonesia

IndonesiaMelia Purosani Hotel 

Jl. Suryotomo No. 31
Yogyakarta 55122
Indonesia

Price (US$): $102 - $144 / night

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Location. Melia Purosani Hotel is a business friendly hotel located in central Yogyakarta, close to Bringharjo Market, Gedung Agung, and Pakualaman Palace. Additional points of interest include Malioboro Mall and Taman Pintar Science Park. Hotel Features. Melia Purosani Hotel's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. The hotel also has a snack bar/deli and a coffee shop/café. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational… more »

IndonesiaThe Oberoi, Lombok 

Medana Beach, Tanjung
PO Box 1096, North Lombok
Tanjung 83352
Indonesia

Price (US$): $245 - $368 / night

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Location. The Oberoi, Lombok is a beachfront luxury hotel located in Tanjung. Hotel Features. Dining options at The Oberoi, Lombok include a restaurant and a coffee shop/café. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, an outdoor tennis court, a health club, a steam room, and complimentary bicycles. The property's full service health spa has body treatments, massage/treatment rooms, facials, and beauty services.… more »

IndonesiaThe Purist Villas & Spa 

Jalan Tirta Tawar Banjar Kutuh Kaja
Ubud 80571
Indonesia

Price (US$): $231 - $396 / night

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Location. The Purist Villas & Spa is located in Ubud, close to Seniwati Gallery of Art by Women, Ubud Monkey Forest, and Ubud Royal Palace. Nearby points of interest also include Ubud Market and Botanic Garden Ubud. Resort Features. The property's full service health spa has body treatments and facials. Guestrooms. There are 7 guestrooms at The Purist Villas & Spa.  more »

IndonesiaThe Lombok Lodge 

Jl. Oberoi, Desa Medana
Tanjung 83001
Indonesia

Price (US$): $476 - $960 / night

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Location. Located in Tanjung, The Lombok Lodge is a beachfront luxury resort by the sea. Resort Features. The Lombok Lodge features a restaurant and a beach bar. Room service is available during limited hours. The resort serves a complimentary cooked to order breakfast. The property's full service health spa has body treatments, facials, and beauty services. For a surcharge, the property offers a roundtrip airport shuttle (available 24 hours). Wedding services and tour/ticket assistance are… more »

IndonesiaRoyal Kamuela Villas - Monkey Forest Ubud 

Jl. Monkey Forest
Ubud 80571
Indonesia

Price (US$): $246 - $247 / night

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Location. Located in Ubud, Royal Kamuela Villas Monkey Forest Ubud is in the historical district and close to Ubud Monkey Forest, Pura Dalem Agung Padangtegal, and Komaneka Fine Art Gallery. Nearby points of interest also include Ubud Market and Ubud Royal Palace. Hotel Features. Royal Kamuela Villas Monkey Forest Ubud's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary continental… more »

Browse more hotels in Indonesia »

Indonesia

Full name
Republic of Indonesia
Capital
Jakarta
Location

Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean

Geographic coordinates

5 00 S, 120 00 E

Area comparative

slightly less than three times the size of Texas

Border countries

Timor-Leste 228 km, Malaysia 1,782 km, Papua New Guinea 820 km

Coastline

54,716 km

Climate

tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands

Terrain

mostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains

Lowest point

Indian Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Puncak Jaya 5,030 m

Natural resources

petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver

Population

242,968,342 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Javanese 40.6%, Sundanese 15%, Madurese 3.3%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Betawi 2.4%, Bugis 2.4%, Banten 2%, Banjar 1.7%, other or unspecified 29.9% (2000 census)

Religions

Muslim 86.1%, Protestant 5.7%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 3.4% (2000 census)

Languages

Bahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects (the most widely spoken of which is Javanese)

Government type

republic

Independence

17 August 1945 (declared); 27 December 1949 (by the Netherlands); note - in August 2005 the Netherlands announced that it had recognized de facto Indonesian independence on 17 August 1945

National holiday

Independence Day, 17 August (1945)

Chief of state

President Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO (since 20 October 2004); Vice President BOEDIONO (since 20 October 2009); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

Head of government

President Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO (since 20 October 2004); Vice President BOEDIONO (since 20 October 2009)

Internet country code

.id

Internet users

20 million (2009)

Airports

684 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Banjarmasin, Belawan, Kotabaru, Krueg Geukueh, Palembang, Panjang, Sungai Pakning, Tanjung Perak, Tanjung Priok

Other countries in the region