Tourists don't know where they've been, travelers don't know where they're going.
— Paul Theroux, 1941 -
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Indonesia

Background

Indonesia

The Dutch began to colonize Indonesia in the early 17th century; Japan occupied the islands from 1942 to 1945. Indonesia declared its independence after Japan's surrender, but it required four years of intermittent negotiations, recurring hostilities, and UN mediation before the Netherlands agreed to transfer sovereignty in 1949. Free and fair legislative elections took place in 1999 after decades of repressive rule. Indonesia is now the world's third most populous democracy, the world's largest archipelagic state, and home to the world's largest Muslim population. Current issues include alleviating poverty, improving education, preventing terrorism, consolidating democracy after four decades of authoritarianism, implementing economic and financial reforms, stemming corruption, holding the military and police accountable for human rights violations, addressing climate change, and controlling avian influenza. In 2005, Indonesia reached a historic peace agreement with armed separatists in Aceh, which led to democratic elections in Aceh in December 2006. Indonesia continues to face low intensity armed resistance by the separatist Free Papua Movement.

About

Indonesia straddles the Equator between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. While it has land borders with Malaysia to the north as well as East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the east, it also neighbors Australia to the south, and Palau, the Philippines, Vietnam, Singapore, and Thailand to the north, India to the northwest.

Read more about Indonesia in our Indonesia travel guide »

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Featured hotels in

Indonesia

IndonesiaL Hotel Seminyak 

Jl. Raya Petitenget no 8L
Seminyak 80361
Indonesia

Price (US$): $138 - $214 / night

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Location. L Hotel Seminyak is located near the beach in Seminyak's Petitenget neighborhood and close to TAKSU Bali Gallery, Legian Beach, and Seminyak Square. Nearby points of interest also include Petitenget Temple and Seminyak Beach. Hotel Features. Dining options at L Hotel Seminyak include a coffee shop/cafĂ© and a snack bar/deli. 2 bars/lounges and a poolside bar are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast each morning… more »

IndonesiaAmetis Villas 

Jalan Pantai Batu Bolong
Canggu 80361
Indonesia

Price (US$): $364 - $501 / night

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Location. Ametis Villas is located near the beach in Canggu and close to Canggu Beach, Seminyak Square, and Berawa Beach. Nearby points of interest also include Petitenget Temple and TAKSU Bali Gallery. Property Features. Recreational amenities include 14 outdoor swimming pools. Also located on site are a spa tub and complimentary bicycles. Spa amenities include massage/treatment rooms, facials, body treatments, and beauty services. This 5 star property offers secretarial services and… more »

IndonesiaGending Kedis Luxury Villas & Spa Estate 

Jalan Karang Mas Sejahtera 100Y
Jimbaran 80364
Indonesia

Price (US$): $388 - $636 / night

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Location. Located in Jimbaran, Gending Kedis Luxury Villas & Spa Estate is near the airport and close to Jenggala Factory, Honorary Consulate of Italy, and Jimbaran Beach. Nearby points of interest also include Garuda Wisnu Kencana Cultural Park and New Kuta Golf. Property Features. Gending Kedis Luxury Villas & Spa Estate's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool… more »

IndonesiaPita Maha 

Jalan Raya Sanggingan
Ubud 80571
Indonesia

Price (US$): $271 - $465 / night

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Location. Pita Maha is located in Ubud, close to Neka Art Museum, Ubud Monkey Forest, and Gaya Art Space. Nearby points of interest also include Blanco Museum and Puri Lukisan Museum. Resort Features. Pita Maha's restaurant serves breakfast and dinner. A swim up bar, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The resort serves a complimentary full breakfast. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a children's pool, a health club,… more »

IndonesiaChateau De Bali Villas 

Jl. Pura Masuka, Br. Kertha Lestari
Pecatu 80361
Indonesia

Price (US$): $151 - $728 / night

Check rates »

Location. Located in Pecatu, Chateau De Bali Villas is near the airport and close to New Kuta Golf and Bingin Beach. Additional area points of interest include Jimbaran Beach and Garuda Wisnu Kencana Cultural Park. Hotel Features. Chateau De Bali Villas's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. The hotel serves a complimentary breakfast. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a health club, and… more »

Browse more hotels in Indonesia »

Indonesia

Full name
Republic of Indonesia
Capital
Jakarta
Location

Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean

Geographic coordinates

5 00 S, 120 00 E

Area comparative

slightly less than three times the size of Texas

Border countries

Timor-Leste 228 km, Malaysia 1,782 km, Papua New Guinea 820 km

Coastline

54,716 km

Climate

tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands

Terrain

mostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains

Lowest point

Indian Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Puncak Jaya 5,030 m

Natural resources

petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver

Population

242,968,342 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Javanese 40.6%, Sundanese 15%, Madurese 3.3%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Betawi 2.4%, Bugis 2.4%, Banten 2%, Banjar 1.7%, other or unspecified 29.9% (2000 census)

Religions

Muslim 86.1%, Protestant 5.7%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 3.4% (2000 census)

Languages

Bahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects (the most widely spoken of which is Javanese)

Government type

republic

Independence

17 August 1945 (declared); 27 December 1949 (by the Netherlands); note - in August 2005 the Netherlands announced that it had recognized de facto Indonesian independence on 17 August 1945

National holiday

Independence Day, 17 August (1945)

Chief of state

President Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO (since 20 October 2004); Vice President BOEDIONO (since 20 October 2009); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

Head of government

President Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO (since 20 October 2004); Vice President BOEDIONO (since 20 October 2009)

Internet country code

.id

Internet users

20 million (2009)

Airports

684 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Banjarmasin, Belawan, Kotabaru, Krueg Geukueh, Palembang, Panjang, Sungai Pakning, Tanjung Perak, Tanjung Priok

Other countries in the region