Little by little, one travels far.
— J. R. R. Tolkien, 1892 - 1973
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Indonesia

Background

Indonesia

The Dutch began to colonize Indonesia in the early 17th century; Japan occupied the islands from 1942 to 1945. Indonesia declared its independence after Japan's surrender, but it required four years of intermittent negotiations, recurring hostilities, and UN mediation before the Netherlands agreed to transfer sovereignty in 1949. Free and fair legislative elections took place in 1999 after decades of repressive rule. Indonesia is now the world's third most populous democracy, the world's largest archipelagic state, and home to the world's largest Muslim population. Current issues include alleviating poverty, improving education, preventing terrorism, consolidating democracy after four decades of authoritarianism, implementing economic and financial reforms, stemming corruption, holding the military and police accountable for human rights violations, addressing climate change, and controlling avian influenza. In 2005, Indonesia reached a historic peace agreement with armed separatists in Aceh, which led to democratic elections in Aceh in December 2006. Indonesia continues to face low intensity armed resistance by the separatist Free Papua Movement.

About

Indonesia straddles the Equator between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. While it has land borders with Malaysia to the north as well as East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the east, it also neighbors Australia to the south, and Palau, the Philippines, Vietnam, Singapore, and Thailand to the north, India to the northwest.

Read more about Indonesia in our Indonesia travel guide »

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Featured hotels in

Indonesia

IndonesiaC151 Luxury Villas Dreamland 

Jalan Pemutih Labuhan Sait Uluwatu
Pecatu 80364
Indonesia

Price (US$): $991 - $2644 / night

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Location. C151 Luxury Villas Dreamland is located on the beach in Pecatu's Uluwatu neighborhood, close to Bingin Beach, New Kuta Beach, and Padang Padang Beach. Other points of interest near this luxury villa include New Kuta Golf and Balangan Beach. Property Features. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a spa tub, and a steam room. Spa amenities include spa services, facials, body treatments, and beauty services. This 5 star property offers secretarial services and business… more »

IndonesiaDiscovery Kartika Plaza Hotel 

Jl Kartika Plaza, PO. Box 1012
South Kuta
Kuta 80361
Indonesia

Price (US$): $195 - $539 / night

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Location. Discovery Kartika Plaza Hotel is located on the beach in Kuta, close to Discovery Mall, Tuban Beach, and Segara Beach. Other points of interest near this luxury resort include Kuta Beach and Legian Beach. Resort Features. Discovery Kartika Plaza Hotel's restaurant serves lunch and dinner. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available. The resort serves a complimentary buffet breakfast. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a children's… more »

IndonesiaAston Kuta Hotel and Residence 

Jl. Wana Segara No. 2-5
Kuta 80361
Indonesia

Price (US$): $74 - $103 / night

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Location. Located in central Kuta, Aston Kuta Hotel and Residence is near the airport and within walking distance of Segara Beach and Tuban Beach. Additional points of interest include Kuta Beach and Jimbaran Beach. Hotel Features. Aston Kuta Hotel and Residence's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A swim up bar, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast. Recreational… more »

IndonesiaThe Wangsa Benoa 

Jl. Pratama no. 61B
Nusa Dua 80363
Indonesia

Price (US$): $67 - $274 / night

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Location. The Wangsa Benoa is located near the beach in Nusa Dua's Tanjung Benoa neighborhood and close to Turtle Island, Nusa Dua Beach, and Bali International Convention Center. Nearby points of interest also include Pasifika Museum and Bali Golf and Country Club. Property Features. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool. Complimentary wireless Internet access is available in public areas. Room service is available. The villa serves a complimentary breakfast. For a surcharge, the… more »

IndonesiaBanyan Tree Ungasan 

Jl. Melasti, Banjar Kelod
Ungasan 80364
Indonesia

Price (US$): $555 - $1065 / night

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Location. Banyan Tree Ungasan is located on the beach in Ungasan, close to Garuda Wisnu Kencana Cultural Park. Other points of interest are Jimbaran Beach and Nusa Dua Beach. Resort Features. Banyan Tree Ungasan features a poolside bar and a bar/lounge. The resort serves a complimentary buffet breakfast each morning in the restaurant. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a fitness facility, and a children's club. This 5 star property has a 24 hour business center. Complimentary… more »

Browse more hotels in Indonesia »

Indonesia

Full name
Republic of Indonesia
Capital
Jakarta
Location

Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean

Geographic coordinates

5 00 S, 120 00 E

Area comparative

slightly less than three times the size of Texas

Border countries

Timor-Leste 228 km, Malaysia 1,782 km, Papua New Guinea 820 km

Coastline

54,716 km

Climate

tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands

Terrain

mostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains

Lowest point

Indian Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Puncak Jaya 5,030 m

Natural resources

petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver

Population

242,968,342 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Javanese 40.6%, Sundanese 15%, Madurese 3.3%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Betawi 2.4%, Bugis 2.4%, Banten 2%, Banjar 1.7%, other or unspecified 29.9% (2000 census)

Religions

Muslim 86.1%, Protestant 5.7%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 3.4% (2000 census)

Languages

Bahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects (the most widely spoken of which is Javanese)

Government type

republic

Independence

17 August 1945 (declared); 27 December 1949 (by the Netherlands); note - in August 2005 the Netherlands announced that it had recognized de facto Indonesian independence on 17 August 1945

National holiday

Independence Day, 17 August (1945)

Chief of state

President Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO (since 20 October 2004); Vice President BOEDIONO (since 20 October 2009); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

Head of government

President Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO (since 20 October 2004); Vice President BOEDIONO (since 20 October 2009)

Internet country code

.id

Internet users

20 million (2009)

Airports

684 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Banjarmasin, Belawan, Kotabaru, Krueg Geukueh, Palembang, Panjang, Sungai Pakning, Tanjung Perak, Tanjung Priok

Other countries in the region