We wander for distraction, but we travel for fulfillment.
— Hilaire Belloc, 1870 - 1953
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Indonesia

Background

Indonesia

The Dutch began to colonize Indonesia in the early 17th century; Japan occupied the islands from 1942 to 1945. Indonesia declared its independence after Japan's surrender, but it required four years of intermittent negotiations, recurring hostilities, and UN mediation before the Netherlands agreed to transfer sovereignty in 1949. Free and fair legislative elections took place in 1999 after decades of repressive rule. Indonesia is now the world's third most populous democracy, the world's largest archipelagic state, and home to the world's largest Muslim population. Current issues include alleviating poverty, improving education, preventing terrorism, consolidating democracy after four decades of authoritarianism, implementing economic and financial reforms, stemming corruption, holding the military and police accountable for human rights violations, addressing climate change, and controlling avian influenza. In 2005, Indonesia reached a historic peace agreement with armed separatists in Aceh, which led to democratic elections in Aceh in December 2006. Indonesia continues to face low intensity armed resistance by the separatist Free Papua Movement.

About

Indonesia straddles the Equator between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. While it has land borders with Malaysia to the north as well as East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the east, it also neighbors Australia to the south, and Palau, the Philippines, Vietnam, Singapore, and Thailand to the north, India to the northwest.

Read more about Indonesia in our Indonesia travel guide »

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Featured hotels in

Indonesia

IndonesiaGrand Swiss-Belhotel Medan 

Jalan S. Parman 217
Medan 20152
Indonesia

Price (US$): $90 - $123 / night

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Location. Located in central Medan, Grand Swiss Belhotel Medan is near the airport and close to Vihara Gunung Timur, Shri Mariaman, and Sun Plaza. Additional points of interest include Vihara Borobudur and Medan Mall. Hotel Features. In addition to 2 restaurants, Grand Swiss Belhotel Medan offers 2 coffee shops/caf├ęs and a snack bar/deli. A swim up bar and a poolside bar are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a… more »

IndonesiaBanyan Tree Bintan 

Tanjung Said Lagoi
Bintan Island 29155
Indonesia

Price (US$): $545 - $546 / night

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Location. Banyan Tree Bintan is located on the beach in Bintan Island, close to Bintan Island Elephant Park and Pasar Oleh Oleh Market. Another point of interest is Ria Bintan Golf Club. Hotel Features. Banyan Tree Bintan's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast. Recreational amenities include a golf course. Also located on site are an outdoor pool and a… more »

IndonesiaAmana Villas Seminyak 

Jalan Wirasaba No 5
Off Jalan Kayu Aya
Seminyak 80361
Indonesia

Price (US$): $330 - $454 / night

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Location. Amana Villas Seminyak is located near the beach in Seminyak's Petitenget neighborhood and close to Seminyak Square, Kuta Beach, and Legian Beach. Nearby points of interest also include TAKSU Bali Gallery and Petitenget Temple. Resort Features. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool. Spa amenities include massage/treatment rooms, facials, and beauty services. Complimentary wireless Internet access is available in public areas. Room service is available during limited hours.… more »

IndonesiaThe Chedi Club at Tanah Gajah, Ubud 

Jalan Goa Gajah
Tengkulak Kaja, Gianyar
Ubud 80571
Indonesia

Price (US$): $335 - $555 / night

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Location. Located in Ubud, The Chedi Club at Tanah Gajah, Ubud is in the mountains and close to Elephant Cave, Ubud Monkey Forest, and Rudana Museum. Nearby points of interest also include Puser Tasik Temple and Arma Museum. Hotel Features. The Chedi Club at Tanah Gajah, Ubud's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary cooked to order breakfast. Recreational… more »

IndonesiaThe Gangsa Private Villa 

Jalan Tirta Akasa No. 28
Sanur 80227
Indonesia

Price (US$): $270 - $536 / night

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Location. The Gangsa Private Villa is located near the beach in Sanur and close to Honorary Consulate of Hungary, Sanur Beach, and British Honorary Consulate. Additional points of interest include Matahari Terbit Beach and Honorary Consulate of Germany. Property Features. The Gangsa Private Villa's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The villa serves a complimentary cooked to order breakfast. Recreational amenities include complimentary… more »

Browse more hotels in Indonesia »

Indonesia

Full name
Republic of Indonesia
Capital
Jakarta
Location

Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean

Geographic coordinates

5 00 S, 120 00 E

Area comparative

slightly less than three times the size of Texas

Border countries

Timor-Leste 228 km, Malaysia 1,782 km, Papua New Guinea 820 km

Coastline

54,716 km

Climate

tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands

Terrain

mostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains

Lowest point

Indian Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Puncak Jaya 5,030 m

Natural resources

petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver

Population

242,968,342 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Javanese 40.6%, Sundanese 15%, Madurese 3.3%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Betawi 2.4%, Bugis 2.4%, Banten 2%, Banjar 1.7%, other or unspecified 29.9% (2000 census)

Religions

Muslim 86.1%, Protestant 5.7%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 3.4% (2000 census)

Languages

Bahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects (the most widely spoken of which is Javanese)

Government type

republic

Independence

17 August 1945 (declared); 27 December 1949 (by the Netherlands); note - in August 2005 the Netherlands announced that it had recognized de facto Indonesian independence on 17 August 1945

National holiday

Independence Day, 17 August (1945)

Chief of state

President Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO (since 20 October 2004); Vice President BOEDIONO (since 20 October 2009); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

Head of government

President Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO (since 20 October 2004); Vice President BOEDIONO (since 20 October 2009)

Internet country code

.id

Internet users

20 million (2009)

Airports

684 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Banjarmasin, Belawan, Kotabaru, Krueg Geukueh, Palembang, Panjang, Sungai Pakning, Tanjung Perak, Tanjung Priok

Other countries in the region