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Indonesia

Background

Indonesia

The Dutch began to colonize Indonesia in the early 17th century; Japan occupied the islands from 1942 to 1945. Indonesia declared its independence after Japan's surrender, but it required four years of intermittent negotiations, recurring hostilities, and UN mediation before the Netherlands agreed to transfer sovereignty in 1949. Free and fair legislative elections took place in 1999 after decades of repressive rule. Indonesia is now the world's third most populous democracy, the world's largest archipelagic state, and home to the world's largest Muslim population. Current issues include alleviating poverty, improving education, preventing terrorism, consolidating democracy after four decades of authoritarianism, implementing economic and financial reforms, stemming corruption, holding the military and police accountable for human rights violations, addressing climate change, and controlling avian influenza. In 2005, Indonesia reached a historic peace agreement with armed separatists in Aceh, which led to democratic elections in Aceh in December 2006. Indonesia continues to face low intensity armed resistance by the separatist Free Papua Movement.

About

Indonesia straddles the Equator between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. While it has land borders with Malaysia to the north as well as East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the east, it also neighbors Australia to the south, and Palau, the Philippines, Vietnam, Singapore, and Thailand to the north, India to the northwest.

Read more about Indonesia in our Indonesia travel guide »

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Featured hotels in

Indonesia

IndonesiaAmana Villas Seminyak 

Jalan Wirasaba No 5
Off Jalan Kayu Aya
Seminyak 80361
Indonesia

Price (US$): $330 - $454 / night

Check rates »

Location. Amana Villas Seminyak is located near the beach in Seminyak's Petitenget neighborhood and close to Seminyak Square, Kuta Beach, and Legian Beach. Nearby points of interest also include TAKSU Bali Gallery and Petitenget Temple. Resort Features. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool. Spa amenities include massage/treatment rooms, facials, and beauty services. Complimentary wireless Internet access is available in public areas. Room service is available during limited hours.… more »

IndonesiaLe Grande Bali 

Block 5, Pecatu Indah Resort
Ji. Raya Uluwatu
Pecatu 80361
Indonesia

Price (US$): $90 - $200 / night

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Location. Located in Pecatu, Le Grande Bali is by the sea and close to New Kuta Golf, New Kuta Beach, and Balangan Beach. Nearby points of interest also include Bingin Beach and Padang Padang Beach. Hotel Features. Dining options at Le Grande Bali include 2 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast each morning in the restaurant. Recreational amenities include a golf course. Also located on site… more »

IndonesiaSheraton Senggigi Beach Resort 

Jalan Raya Senggigi Km. 8
Senggigi 83355
Indonesia

Price (US$): $79 - $320 / night

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Location. Sheraton Senggigi Beach Resort is a beachfront luxury resort located in Senggigi's Mangsit neighborhood. Resort Features. Sheraton Senggigi Beach Resort features a restaurant, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a children's pool, a health club, a sauna, and a steam room. Spa amenities include spa services, massage/treatment rooms, facials, and beauty services. This 4.5 star property has a… more »

IndonesiaHotel Tugu Bali 

Jalan Pantai Batu Bolong
Canggu Beach, Badung
Canggu 80361
Indonesia

Price (US$): $309 - $310 / night

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Location. Located in Canggu, Hotel Tugu Bali is by the ocean and close to Canggu Beach, Seminyak Square, and Berawa Beach. Nearby points of interest also include Petitenget Temple and TAKSU Bali Gallery. Property Features. Hotel Tugu Bali's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, an indoor pool, and a health club. The property's full service health spa has body treatments,… more »

IndonesiaThe Oberoi, Bali 

Seminyak Beach, Jalan Kayu Aya
Denpasar
Seminyak 80361
Indonesia

Price (US$): $400 - $401 / night

Check rates »

Location. The Oberoi, Bali is located on the beach in Seminyak's Petitenget neighborhood, close to Seminyak Beach, Kuta Beach, and Legian Beach. Other points of interest near this luxury resort include Tuban Beach and Seminyak Square. Resort Features. Dining options at The Oberoi, Bali include a restaurant and a coffee shop/cafĂ©. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The resort serves cooked to order breakfasts each morning in the… more »

Browse more hotels in Indonesia »

Indonesia

Full name
Republic of Indonesia
Capital
Jakarta
Location

Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean

Geographic coordinates

5 00 S, 120 00 E

Area comparative

slightly less than three times the size of Texas

Border countries

Timor-Leste 228 km, Malaysia 1,782 km, Papua New Guinea 820 km

Coastline

54,716 km

Climate

tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands

Terrain

mostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains

Lowest point

Indian Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Puncak Jaya 5,030 m

Natural resources

petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver

Population

242,968,342 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Javanese 40.6%, Sundanese 15%, Madurese 3.3%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Betawi 2.4%, Bugis 2.4%, Banten 2%, Banjar 1.7%, other or unspecified 29.9% (2000 census)

Religions

Muslim 86.1%, Protestant 5.7%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 3.4% (2000 census)

Languages

Bahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects (the most widely spoken of which is Javanese)

Government type

republic

Independence

17 August 1945 (declared); 27 December 1949 (by the Netherlands); note - in August 2005 the Netherlands announced that it had recognized de facto Indonesian independence on 17 August 1945

National holiday

Independence Day, 17 August (1945)

Chief of state

President Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO (since 20 October 2004); Vice President BOEDIONO (since 20 October 2009); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

Head of government

President Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO (since 20 October 2004); Vice President BOEDIONO (since 20 October 2009)

Internet country code

.id

Internet users

20 million (2009)

Airports

684 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Banjarmasin, Belawan, Kotabaru, Krueg Geukueh, Palembang, Panjang, Sungai Pakning, Tanjung Perak, Tanjung Priok

Other countries in the region