Half the fun of the travel is the aesthetic of lostness.
— Ray Bradbury, 1920 -
EN
EN

Indonesia

Background

Indonesia

The Dutch began to colonize Indonesia in the early 17th century; Japan occupied the islands from 1942 to 1945. Indonesia declared its independence after Japan's surrender, but it required four years of intermittent negotiations, recurring hostilities, and UN mediation before the Netherlands agreed to transfer sovereignty in 1949. Free and fair legislative elections took place in 1999 after decades of repressive rule. Indonesia is now the world's third most populous democracy, the world's largest archipelagic state, and home to the world's largest Muslim population. Current issues include alleviating poverty, improving education, preventing terrorism, consolidating democracy after four decades of authoritarianism, implementing economic and financial reforms, stemming corruption, holding the military and police accountable for human rights violations, addressing climate change, and controlling avian influenza. In 2005, Indonesia reached a historic peace agreement with armed separatists in Aceh, which led to democratic elections in Aceh in December 2006. Indonesia continues to face low intensity armed resistance by the separatist Free Papua Movement.

About

Indonesia straddles the Equator between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. While it has land borders with Malaysia to the north as well as East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the east, it also neighbors Australia to the south, and Palau, the Philippines, Vietnam, Singapore, and Thailand to the north, India to the northwest.

Read more about Indonesia in our Indonesia travel guide »

Featured journals from

Indonesia

Is the idealism between work and life balance actually exist?

by estyindra

Euro Trip Trilogy - part 1 (Summer 2006), part 2 (Autumn 2012) and part 3 (Spring 2013)

Sep 2012 - Apr 2013  »  Netherlands | Indonesia | Germany | Switzerland | Belgium | Austria

Beckys Bali Adventures

by corks93

Play time before I join the "real life world of working people"!!

May 2015 - Jun 2015  »  Indonesia

Indonesia

by Donn_Ritchie

May 2013 - Jun 2013  »  Indonesia

Indonesia

by Jordi

Apr 2010 - May 2010  »  Spain | Indonesia

Bali Villas Umalas

by easyvillasbali

Easy Villas Bali Luxury Bali Villas, Umalas Vacation Villas

Dec 2013  »  Indonesia

Featured hotels in

Indonesia

IndonesiaPita Maha 

Jalan Raya Sanggingan
Ubud 80571
Indonesia

Price (US$): $271 - $465 / night

Check rates »

Location. Pita Maha is located in Ubud, close to Neka Art Museum, Ubud Monkey Forest, and Gaya Art Space. Nearby points of interest also include Blanco Museum and Puri Lukisan Museum. Resort Features. Pita Maha's restaurant serves breakfast and dinner. A swim up bar, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The resort serves a complimentary full breakfast. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a children's pool, a health club,… more »

IndonesiaFuramaXclusive Villas & Spa Ubud 

Banjar Bindu, Mambal
Jalan Melati 8
Mambal 80571
Indonesia

Price (US$): $271 - $371 / night

Check rates »

Location. FuramaXclusive Villas & Spa Ubud is located in Mambal, close to Gajah Mas Gallery, Ubud Monkey Forest, and Arma Museum. Nearby points of interest also include Pura Dalem Agung Padangtegal and Komaneka Fine Art Gallery. Property Features. FuramaXclusive Villas & Spa Ubud's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a health club, and a… more »

IndonesiaAlila Villas Soori 

Banjar Dukuh, Desa Kelating
Kerambitan
Tabanan 82151
Indonesia

Price (US$): $510 - $660 / night

Check rates »

Location. Alila Villas Soori is located on the beach in Tabanan's Kelating neighborhood, close to Petitenget Beach. Other points of interest are Tanah Lot and Nirwana Bali Golf Club. Resort Features. Dining options at Alila Villas Soori include 2 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a health club, a sauna, and a steam room. The property's full service health spa has body treatments,… more »

IndonesiaJW Marriott Hotel Medan 

Jalan Putri Hijau No. 10
Medan
Indonesia

Price (US$): $136 - $205 / night

Check rates »

Location. JW Marriott Hotel Medan is located in central Medan, close to Sun Plaza, Shri Mariaman, and Medan Mall. Nearby points of interest also include Vihara Borobudur and Vihara Gunung Timur. Hotel Features. JW Marriott Hotel Medan features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Room service is available. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a health club, a spa tub, and a sauna. This 5 star property has a business center and… more »

IndonesiaSentosa Private Villa & Spa 

Jalan Pura Telaga Waja, Petitenget
Seminyak 80361
Indonesia

Price (US$): $419 - $909 / night

Check rates »

Location. Sentosa Private Villa & Spa is located in Seminyak's Petitenget neighborhood, close to Seminyak Square, Kuta Beach, and Legian Beach. Nearby points of interest also include TAKSU Bali Gallery and Petitenget Temple. Property Features. Sentosa Private Villa & Spa features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Room service is available. The villa serves a complimentary full breakfast in the restaurant. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool and a health club. Spa amenities include… more »

Browse more hotels in Indonesia »

Indonesia

Full name
Republic of Indonesia
Capital
Jakarta
Location

Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean

Geographic coordinates

5 00 S, 120 00 E

Area comparative

slightly less than three times the size of Texas

Border countries

Timor-Leste 228 km, Malaysia 1,782 km, Papua New Guinea 820 km

Coastline

54,716 km

Climate

tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands

Terrain

mostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains

Lowest point

Indian Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Puncak Jaya 5,030 m

Natural resources

petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver

Population

242,968,342 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Javanese 40.6%, Sundanese 15%, Madurese 3.3%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Betawi 2.4%, Bugis 2.4%, Banten 2%, Banjar 1.7%, other or unspecified 29.9% (2000 census)

Religions

Muslim 86.1%, Protestant 5.7%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 3.4% (2000 census)

Languages

Bahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects (the most widely spoken of which is Javanese)

Government type

republic

Independence

17 August 1945 (declared); 27 December 1949 (by the Netherlands); note - in August 2005 the Netherlands announced that it had recognized de facto Indonesian independence on 17 August 1945

National holiday

Independence Day, 17 August (1945)

Chief of state

President Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO (since 20 October 2004); Vice President BOEDIONO (since 20 October 2009); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

Head of government

President Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO (since 20 October 2004); Vice President BOEDIONO (since 20 October 2009)

Internet country code

.id

Internet users

20 million (2009)

Airports

684 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Banjarmasin, Belawan, Kotabaru, Krueg Geukueh, Palembang, Panjang, Sungai Pakning, Tanjung Perak, Tanjung Priok

Other countries in the region