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India

Background

India

The Indus Valley civilization, one of the world's oldest, flourished during the 3rd and 2nd millennia B.C. and extended into northwestern India. Aryan tribes from the northwest infiltrated onto the Indian subcontinent about 1500 B.C.; their merger with the earlier Dravidian inhabitants created the classical Indian culture. The Maurya Empire of the 4th and 3rd centuries B.C. - which reached its zenith under ASHOKA - united much of South Asia. The Golden Age ushered in by the Gupta dynasty (4th to 6th centuries A.D.) saw a flowering of Indian science, art, and culture. Islam spread across the subcontinent over a period of 700 years. In the 10th and 11th centuries, Turks and Afghans invaded India and established the Delhi Sultanate. In the early 16th century, the Emperor BABUR established the Mughal Dynasty which ruled India for more than three centuries. European explorers began establishing footholds in India during the 16th century. By the 19th century, Great Britain had become the dominant political power on the subcontinent. The British Indian Army played a vital role in both World Wars. Nonviolent resistance to British rule, led by Mohandas GANDHI and Jawaharlal NEHRU, eventually brought about independence in 1947. Communal violence led to the subcontinent's bloody partition, which resulted in the creation of two separate states, India and Pakistan. The two countries have fought three wars since independence, the last of which in 1971 resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. India's nuclear weapons tests in 1998 caused Pakistan to conduct its own tests that same year. In November 2008, terrorists allegedly originating from Pakistan conducted a series of coordinated attacks in Mumbai, India's financial capital. Despite pressing problems such as significant overpopulation, environmental degradation, extensive poverty, and widespread corruption, rapid economic development is fueling India's rise on the world stage. In January 2011, India assumed a nonpermanent seat in the UN Security Council for the 2011-12 term.

About

India (Hindi: भारत) is the largest country in the Indian Subcontinent and shares borders with Pakistan to the west, China and Nepal to the north, Bhutan to the north-east, and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. Sri Lanka, the Maldives and Indonesia lie to the south-east in the Indian Ocean. It is the seventh largest country in the world by area and, with over a billion people, is second only to China in population. It's an extremely diverse country, with vast differences in geography, climate, culture, language and ethnicity across its expanse, and prides itself on being the largest democracy on Earth.

Read more about India in our India travel guide »

Featured journals from

India

Roaming Without a Home

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My Life on My Back, The World at My Feet...

Jan 2014 - Aug 2014  »  China (People's Republic) | Nepal | India | Thailand

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The Sun and the Moon, Snakes and a Sixty Year-old Mystery in the North East Frontier, India.

Mar 2012 - Apr 2012  »  India

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Volunteering with Restless Development in Tamil Nadu, India from June through to August

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Jim Corbett National Park - A thrilling Destination for wildlife enthusiast

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This Is my first Travel Journal at traveljournal.com. and this is based on a real life experience.

Feb 2013  »  India

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Dec 2013 - Jan 2014  »  India

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I'm travel professional. I love to travel and write my experience on Travel, Adventure trip and backpacking.

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The major regions of India are not only well connected by busways, but also are the routes diverse and allow its travellers to discover the various cultures. While the wanderlust

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Hardev Motors

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by LiveMNC.com

LiveMNC is one of the best cheap web hosting services provider company in India. We have wide range of web hosting plan suitable for your business. Address ~ 200, BASSI, Near Agra Road, Jaipur~05, Rajasthan India 303305 We Craft Stunning Websites, App and Digital Marketing. http://livemnc.com/ http://development.livemnc.com/ http://livemnc-com.webnode.com/services/ https://livemnc.wordpress.com/blog/ https://livemncblog.wordpress.com/ Call: + 91-9461234545 |(Multi-channel)(www.LiveMNC.com)

Mar 1998  »  India

Featured hotels in

India

IndiaHotel Cabbana 

Nh1 Phagwara Jalandhar Highw
Phagwara 144401
India

Price (US$): $111 - $112 / night

Check rates »

Location. Located in Phagwara, Hotel Cabbana is a business friendly hotel in the historical district and close to Shri Guru Ravidas Mandir Chak Hakim. Other area points of interest include Town Hall Park. Hotel Features. Dining options at Hotel Cabbana include 2 restaurants. A swim up bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast. Guests can enjoy a complimentary evening social on select days.… more »

IndiaORANGE COUNTY KABINI 

Bheeramballi Village and Post
Mysore- Kabini 571 116
India

Price (US$): $435 - $553 / night

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Nestled on the banks of the Kabini River, close to the Nagarhole and Bandipur National Parks, Orange County, Kabini provides a unique setting from which to experience this stunning region s abundant wildlife and culture. The spacious thatched cottages, inspired by the local tribal villages, provide an elegant and comfortable retreat following a day s safari. Each cottage has its own courtyard with either a private plunge pool or jacuzzi. Sit out on the veranda and relax in the peace and… more »

IndiaHyatt Regency Mumbai 

Sahar Airport Road
Andheri East
Mumbai 400099
India

Price (US$): $141 - $363 / night

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Location. Near the airport, Hyatt Regency Mumbai is located in Mumbai's North Mumbai Business District neighborhood and close to MIDC Industrial Estate, U. S. Consulate, and Hiranandani Business Park Powai. Additional points of interest include Powai Lake and Juhu Beach. Hotel Features. Dining options at Hyatt Regency Mumbai include 2 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves hot and cold buffet breakfasts each morning in the… more »

IndiaThe Grand New Delhi 

Vasant Kunj, Phase II
Nelson Mandela Road
New Delhi 110070
India

Price (US$): $173 - $298 / night

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Location. The Grand New Delhi is located close to AMBI Mall, Qutub Minar, and DLF Promenade Vasant Kunj. Other points of interest near this luxury hotel include DLF Emporio Vasant Kunj and Jawaharlal Nehru University. Hotel Features. The Grand New Delhi features a coffee shop/café, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include a children's pool, a health club, a sauna, and a steam room. The property's full service health spa has… more »

IndiaAsiana Hotel 

1/238, Old Mahabalipuram Road
IT Expressway, Semmencherry
Chennai 600119
India

Price (US$): $173 - $387 / night

Check rates »

Location. Asiana Hotel is located in Chennai's Semmencherry neighborhood, close to Mayajaal Sports Complex, Kart Attack, and MGM Dizzee World. Nearby points of interest also include DakshinaChitra. Hotel Features. Asiana Hotel features a coffee shop/café and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary continental breakfast each morning in the restaurant. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a fitness facility, and a steam room. There… more »

Browse more hotels in India »

India

Full name
Republic of India
Capital
New Delhi
Location

Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan

Geographic coordinates

20 00 N, 77 00 E

Area comparative

slightly more than one-third the size of the US

Border countries

Bangladesh 4,053 km, Bhutan 605 km, Burma 1,463 km, China 3,380 km, Nepal 1,690 km, Pakistan 2,912 km

Coastline

7,000 km

Climate

varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north

Terrain

upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north

Lowest point

Indian Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Kanchenjunga 8,598 m

Natural resources

coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, rare earth elements, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land

Population

1,173,108,018 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)

Religions

Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 census)

Languages

Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9%

Government type

federal republic

Independence

15 August 1947 (from the UK)

National holiday

Republic Day, 26 January (1950)

Chief of state

President Pratibha Devisingh PATIL (since 25 July 2007); Vice President Mohammad Hamid ANSARI (since 11 August 2007)

Head of government

Prime Minister Manmohan SINGH (since 22 May 2004)

Internet country code

.in

Internet users

61.338 million (2009)

Airports

352 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Chennai, Jawaharal Nehru, Kandla, Kolkata (Calcutta), Mumbai (Bombay), Sikka, Vishakhapatnam

Other countries in the region