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India

Background

India

The Indus Valley civilization, one of the world's oldest, flourished during the 3rd and 2nd millennia B.C. and extended into northwestern India. Aryan tribes from the northwest infiltrated onto the Indian subcontinent about 1500 B.C.; their merger with the earlier Dravidian inhabitants created the classical Indian culture. The Maurya Empire of the 4th and 3rd centuries B.C. - which reached its zenith under ASHOKA - united much of South Asia. The Golden Age ushered in by the Gupta dynasty (4th to 6th centuries A.D.) saw a flowering of Indian science, art, and culture. Islam spread across the subcontinent over a period of 700 years. In the 10th and 11th centuries, Turks and Afghans invaded India and established the Delhi Sultanate. In the early 16th century, the Emperor BABUR established the Mughal Dynasty which ruled India for more than three centuries. European explorers began establishing footholds in India during the 16th century. By the 19th century, Great Britain had become the dominant political power on the subcontinent. The British Indian Army played a vital role in both World Wars. Nonviolent resistance to British rule, led by Mohandas GANDHI and Jawaharlal NEHRU, eventually brought about independence in 1947. Communal violence led to the subcontinent's bloody partition, which resulted in the creation of two separate states, India and Pakistan. The two countries have fought three wars since independence, the last of which in 1971 resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. India's nuclear weapons tests in 1998 caused Pakistan to conduct its own tests that same year. In November 2008, terrorists allegedly originating from Pakistan conducted a series of coordinated attacks in Mumbai, India's financial capital. Despite pressing problems such as significant overpopulation, environmental degradation, extensive poverty, and widespread corruption, rapid economic development is fueling India's rise on the world stage. In January 2011, India assumed a nonpermanent seat in the UN Security Council for the 2011-12 term.

About

India (Hindi: भारत) is the largest country in the Indian Subcontinent and shares borders with Pakistan to the west, China and Nepal to the north, Bhutan to the north-east, and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. Sri Lanka, the Maldives and Indonesia lie to the south-east in the Indian Ocean. It is the seventh largest country in the world by area and, with over a billion people, is second only to China in population. It's an extremely diverse country, with vast differences in geography, climate, culture, language and ethnicity across its expanse, and prides itself on being the largest democracy on Earth.

Read more about India in our India travel guide »

Featured journals from

India

Roaming Without a Home

by hobovoodoo

My Life on My Back, The World at My Feet...

Jan 2014 - Aug 2014  »  China (People's Republic) | Nepal | India | Thailand

The Hunt for the Buru

by BrynMorgan

The Sun and the Moon, Snakes and a Sixty Year-old Mystery in the North East Frontier, India.

Mar 2012 - Apr 2012  »  India

Indian Summer 2015

by raineye95

Volunteering with Restless Development in Tamil Nadu, India from June through to August

Jun 2015 - Jul 2015  »  United Kingdom | India

Jim Corbett National Park - A thrilling Destination for wildlife enthusiast

by mikeihpl

This Is my first Travel Journal at traveljournal.com. and this is based on a real life experience.

Feb 2013  »  India

Travel Guide

by rekhaihpl

Dec 2013 - Jan 2014  »  India

Conquering Goechala

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A dream fulfilled

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Gurgaon - The small city where the fun never stops

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Gurgaon - The small city where the fun never stops

May 2016  »  India

India

by Betsyflood

Jun 2010 - Jul 2010  »  United States | India

Indian Splendors

by manojihpl

Holidays in India Tourist Destination in India, Accommodation options in India

Jul 2013  »  India

India - The One Stop for Travel Enthusiasts

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India tours package,tour packages of India

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Adventure Bangalore

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Adventure around Bangalore

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Travel And Tours

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Around Mumbai

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Aug 2011  »  India

Travel India

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My Office Trip

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Karnataka Travel

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coorg tour packages karnataka travel

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I'm travel professional. I love to travel and write my experience on Travel, Adventure trip and backpacking.

by meenakshi

I'm travel professional. I love to travel and write my experience on Travel, Adventure trip and backpacking.

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Must Do’s If You Are Visiting Assam

by travelguestblog

Assam is a north eastern state in India. Assam is surrounded by seven states and is known for its tea and silk and even the first oil well in Asia was drilled here.

Jan 2016  »  India

AdventurEscape

by riyaver19

Trekking Tour Operator | Travel Agent

Aug 2017  »  India

A Drive to remember

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Horsely Hills, India

Dec 2016  »  India

Top 3 Bus Journeys across India: Create Memories on the go!

by travellerindia90

The major regions of India are not only well connected by busways, but also are the routes diverse and allow its travellers to discover the various cultures. While the wanderlust

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Shimla

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Manu Adventures

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Kerala Honeymoon Package

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Kerala Honeymoon Tour Package

Nov 2016  »  India

cheap web hosting services in India

by LiveMNC.com

LiveMNC is one of the best cheap web hosting services provider company in India. We have wide range of web hosting plan suitable for your business. Address ~ 200, BASSI, Near Agra Road, Jaipur~05, Rajasthan India 303305 We Craft Stunning Websites, App and Digital Marketing. http://livemnc.com/ http://development.livemnc.com/ http://livemnc-com.webnode.com/services/ https://livemnc.wordpress.com/blog/ https://livemncblog.wordpress.com/ Call: + 91-9461234545 |(Multi-channel)(www.LiveMNC.com)

Mar 1998  »  India

Featured hotels in

India

IndiaTaj Bengal 

34 B Belvedere Road Alipore
Kolkata 700 027
India

Price (US$): $298 - $996 / night

Check rates »

Location. Taj Bengal is a business friendly hotel located in Kolkata's Behala neighborhood, close to Alipore Zoo, Victoria Memorial, and Eden Gardens. Additional points of interest include National Library and Academy of Fine Arts. Hotel Features. Taj Bengal's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a health club, a spa tub, a sauna, and a… more »

IndiaThe Leela Palace Udaipur 

Lake Pichola, PO Box No.125
Udaipur 313001
India

Price (US$): $502 - $540 / night

Check rates »

Location. The Leela Palace Udaipur is a business friendly property located in Udaipur's Lake Pichola neighborhood, close to Lake Palace, Jag Niwas, and Jagdish Temple. Additional points of interest include City Palace and Crystal Gallery. Property Features. Dining options at The Leela Palace Udaipur include 2 restaurants. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Guests can enjoy a complimentary evening social on select days. Recreational… more »

IndiaLe Meridien New Delhi 

Windsor Palace Janpath
New Delhi 110 001
India

Price (US$): $276 - $782 / night

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Location. Le Meridien New Delhi is located close to Jantar Mantar, National Museum, and Humayun's Tomb. Additional points of interest include Presidential Palace and Red Fort. Hotel Features. Dining options at Le Meridien New Delhi include 6 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a health club, a spa tub, a sauna, and a steam room. Spa amenities include spa services, massage/treatment rooms, and… more »

IndiaAccord Puducherry 

No.1 Thilagar nagar
Ellaipillaichavady
Pondicherry 605009
India

Price (US$): $69 - $121 / night

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Location. Accord Puducherry is located in central Pondicherry, close to Botanical Gardens, Sacred Heart of Jesus, and Sri Aurobindo Ashram. Nearby points of interest also include Raj Niwas and Government Place. This property offers transfers from the airport (surcharges may apply). Guests must contact the property with arrival details before travel, using the contact information on the booking confirmation. Minimum Spring Break check in age is 17 years old. Guests under 18 years old are… more »

IndiaRadisson Blu Hotel Chennai 

531 Gst Road, St.thomas Mount
Chennai 600016
India

Price (US$): $176 - $279 / night

Check rates »

Location. Located in Chennai, Radisson Blu Hotel Chennai is near the airport and close to Guindy Race Course, Guindy National Park, and Chemplast Cricket Ground. Additional points of interest include Chennai Snake Park. Hotel Features. Dining options at Radisson Blu Hotel Chennai include 2 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary breakfast. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a children's pool, a… more »

Browse more hotels in India »

India

Full name
Republic of India
Capital
New Delhi
Location

Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan

Geographic coordinates

20 00 N, 77 00 E

Area comparative

slightly more than one-third the size of the US

Border countries

Bangladesh 4,053 km, Bhutan 605 km, Burma 1,463 km, China 3,380 km, Nepal 1,690 km, Pakistan 2,912 km

Coastline

7,000 km

Climate

varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north

Terrain

upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north

Lowest point

Indian Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Kanchenjunga 8,598 m

Natural resources

coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, rare earth elements, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land

Population

1,173,108,018 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)

Religions

Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 census)

Languages

Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9%

Government type

federal republic

Independence

15 August 1947 (from the UK)

National holiday

Republic Day, 26 January (1950)

Chief of state

President Pratibha Devisingh PATIL (since 25 July 2007); Vice President Mohammad Hamid ANSARI (since 11 August 2007)

Head of government

Prime Minister Manmohan SINGH (since 22 May 2004)

Internet country code

.in

Internet users

61.338 million (2009)

Airports

352 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Chennai, Jawaharal Nehru, Kandla, Kolkata (Calcutta), Mumbai (Bombay), Sikka, Vishakhapatnam

Other countries in the region